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Presidents of the Philippines and their Achievements and Con

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bernard degillo

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Presidents of the Philippines and their Achievements and Con

Presidents of the Philippines and their Achievements and Contributions
Fidel V. Ramos (June 30, 1992 – June 30, 1998)
First President of The Third Republic
July 4,1946
he also created Integrity Board to monitor graft and corruption

22 march 1969 - 6 february 1964
General Emilio Aguinaldo
(January 23, 1899 – April 1, 1901)

first president of the first republic of the Philippines
one of the active leaders of
known as the President of the Revolutionary Government
He fought against the Spanish and American to retain our independence
You can find him on the 5-peso coin
Manuel L. Quezon
(November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944)
First Senate president elected as President of the Philippines
First president elected
through a national election
First inauguration of Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel Quezon at the steps of the Legislative Building in Manila on November 15, 1935.
He created National Council of Education
He made Tagalog / Filipino as the national language of the Philippines
He appears on the twenty-peso bill
A province, a city, a bridge and a university in Manila were named after him
Jose P. Laurel (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945)
Jose P. Laurel (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945)
He organized KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas).
He declared Martial Law in 1944
Sit at the office during Japanese occupation of World War II.
Sergio Osmeña (August 1, 1944 – May 28, 1946)
He was 65 when he became president– making him the oldest president to hold office
He was the first Visayan to become president
He joined US Gen. Douglas McArthur in Leyte on October 20, 1944 starting the freedom of the Philippines from the Japanese during World War II
During his time, the Philippine National Bank has been rehabilitated and the country joined the International Monetary Fund
On his time, the Bell Trade Act was approved by the US Congress
Sergio Osmena appears on the 50 peso bill
Manuel Roxas (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948)
Was inaugurated as the new and first president of the new Republic because the Philippines was finally free after the WW II
In his time, the country has started reconstruction from war damage and the Philippines started breathing without foreign rule
He is in the 100 peso bill
Last President of the Commonwealth
The birth of third republic
Third Philippine Republic was inaugurated at the Luneta in Manila
The Flag of the United States of America is lowered while the Flag of the Philippines is raised during the Independence Day ceremonies on July 4, 1946

To rehabilitate the Filipino who suffered war damage, U.S. Senator Millard E. Tydings sponsored the Philippine Rehabilitation Act. It appropriated
$620 million
to be paid to the Filipinos who suffered.

In Exchange of the U.S. aid to rehabilitate the Philippines, the United States gave one condition:
that the Philippines grant parity rights to Americans- equal rights with Filipino citizen to develop and exploit natural resources of the Philippines and to operate public utilities in the country. The Filipinos had no choice but to amend the constitution to grant parity rights to American citizens in exchange for U.S. economic aid. The parity rights amendment was ratified on March 11,1947.

Economic Problems
Graft and Corruption
241,000 hectares, were issued to settlers/landless
Elpidio Quirino (April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953)
He was the vice president at Roxas time. He became president when the latter died in 1948.
Under his term Hukbalahap movement was active
peso and dollar exchange rate at his time was 1 US = P2
Declaring Quezon City the capital of the Philippines in place of Manila
President Elpidio Quirino won a full term as President of the Philippines after the untimely death of President Manuel Roxas in 1948.
Ramon Magsaysay (December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957)
Was a chairman of the Committee on Guerilla Affairs
Agrarian reform
Was the first president sworn into office wearing Barong Tagalog in his inauguration
His presidency was referred as the Philippines’ Golden Years for it was the cleanest and zero-corruption
The Philippines was ranked 2nd in Asia’s clean and well-governed countries
was a chairman of the Committee on Guerilla Affairs
Magsaysay's term, which was to end on 30 December 1957
The crash site of Ramon Magsaysay's presidential plane at Mount Manunggal, Cebu
Carlos P. Garcia (March 18, 1957 – December 30, 1961)
He was known for “Filipino First Policy”
cultural arts was revived during his term
Was the first president to have his remains buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani
Vice-President Carlos P. García (right) was inaugurated President upon Magsaysay's death at the Council of State Room in the Executive Building of the Malacañan Palace complex. The oath of office was administered by Chief Justice Ricardo Paras.
Diosdado Macapagal (December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965)
He established the first Land Reform Law
He signed the Minimum Wage Law
he signed the creation of the Philippine Veteran’s Bank
Ferdinand Marcos (December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986)
He was the first president to win a second term
1969 presidential election
He declared Martial Law on Sept. 22, 1972
He increased the size of Philippine military and armed forces
in 1980, GNP was 4 times greater than 1972
In 1986, the Philippines was one of the most indebted countries in Asia
He built more schools, roads, bridges, hospitals and infrastructures than all former presidents did combined
Is the only president whose remains interred inside a refrigerated crypt
Corazon Aquino (February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992)
First woman president of the Philippines and Asia
She abolished 1973 Marcos Constitution brought the new Constitution of the Philippines
She always initiated charitable and social activities helping the poor and the needy
She’s been cited as a modern-day Joan of Arc by many

She is in the new 500 peso bill together with her husband Ninoy Aquino
100 Women Who Shaped World History
during his time, the Philippines was cited as Asia’s Next Economic Tiger because he brought back economic growth
He led the 4th APEC Summit held in the Philippines
Death Penalty was reinstated at his time
He signed peace talks and agreement with the MNLF
Joseph Estrada (June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001)
during his time, the MILF’s headquarters and camps were captured
was cited as one of the Three Outstanding Senators in 1989
War against the MILF
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (January 20, 2001 – June 30, 2010)
second female president of the country
She regained higher economic growth than the past 3 presidents before her
eVAT Law was implemented under her term
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