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Transcript of Pope Francis
Bergoglio's Compassionate Life
“The act of getting out there to meet people also means getting out from ourselves a bit, getting away from the enclosure of our own opinions to see if they might also be an obstacle, if they are somehow closing the door to God, and also focusing on listening” - Pope Francis (Ambrogetti and Rubin 83).
His Early Life
Life as a Bishop and Cardinal
Brief Overview of Bishop and Cardinal Years:
-Jorge Bergliogio was Ordained Auxilary (assistant to) Bishop of Buenos Aires - June 27, 1992
- Named Coadjutor Archbishop (like auxilary, except takes over upon bishop’s death) - June 3, 1997
- Made Archbishop of Buenos Aires - Feb. 28, 1998
- Elevated to Cardinal - Feb 21, 2001
Saturday, July 19, 2014 - By: Kimmi Kanagy, Tori White, Josh Garrett, and Cade Seely
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Elected on March 13, 2013
Bergoglio Elected to the Papacy
Community and Solidarity with the Poor
Compassionate work as a cardinal
After the white smoke cleared from the chimney above the Sistine Chapel, Bergoglio was introduced to the world with the traditional Latin phrase "Habemus papam" ("We have a pope") (McElwee).
Then came time for Bergoglio to proclaim his papal name. Bergoglio chose the name Frances "in honor of the 12th-century St. Francis of Assisi, known for his simple lifestyle and dedication to the works of mercy" (McElwee).
Pope Francis' attire is vastly different than most of the other elected popes of the past because of the fact that he refuses to embrace the jewel-lined capes that have come to be a norm. This is not the only luxury that Pope Francis has declined after he assumed the position of "bishop of Rome" which he commonly refers to be his position. This humility that is exuded by Pope Francis truly shows that his life and papal choice is not only a humble tribute to St. Francis of Assisi, but also a proclamation to the children of God. (Stoltz and McElwee)
This quote exemplifies his life of community:
“Villa 21-24 is a slum so
that most outsiders
don't dare enter, but residents say Jorge Mario Bergoglio
often showed up unannounced to share laughs and sips of
mate, the traditional Argentine herbal
shared by groups
. . . . People here recall how the Buenos Aires archbishop ditched a limousine and would arrive on a
to their little chapel; how he sponsored marathons and carpentry
, consoled single mothers and
the feet of recovering drug
; how he became one of them” (Henao).
What has Pope Francis done differently?
"He refused to live in the Apostolic Palace, instead living in a guest home and dining in the cafeteria" (Stoltz).
"He has said the hierarchy should speak less about contraception, abortion, and same-sex marriage, versus previous popes who specifically stated these were priorities for the Church" (Stoltz).
"He has said he intends to decentralize the Church, de-emphasizing the role of the pope" (Stoltz).
Pope Francis' Embodiment of Compassion
Clerical Sexual Abuse
The Issues: What Pope Francis Thinks
He can read ancient Greek and biblical Hebrew.
Before becoming Archbishop, he was a teacher:
“Initially trained as a chemist, Bergoglio taught literature, psychology, philosophy, and theology”
(“Pope Francis Biography”).
As a Bishop in Buenos Aires:
He spent his life doing compassionate works —
He took part in projects to take care of the poor and
sick and joined in with them in community:
- He went into dangerous neighborhoods
- Took meals with the poor
- Washed their feet.
- Helped start classes for them, such as carpentry.
“He had four main goals: open and brotherly communities, an informed laity playing a lead role, evangelization efforts addressed to every inhabitant of the city, and assistance to the poor and the sick.”
(“Biography of the Holy Father Francis”)
1997 - Named
1998 - Installed as
Cardinal - 2001
Priest - 1969
1992 - Ordained
Compassion for Others
(A sort of assistant to the Bishop)
(Which means he takes over for the Archbishop immediately upon that bishop's death)
(Was first seen as a major candidate back in 2005, when he got the second highest number of votes for the papacy. Was voted in during the 2013 election)
A Brief Overview of Pope Francis's Timeline
He lived simply and without extravagance in order to live in solidarity:
“Bergoglio has stood out for his austerity. Even after he became Argentina's top church official in 2001, he never lived in the ornate church mansion where Pope John Paul II stayed when visiting the country, preferring a simple bed in a downtown building, heated by a small stove on frigid weekends. For years, he took public transportation around the city, and cooked his own meals.”
(“Pope Francis Biography”)
Even as a Bishop and Cardinal, He Denied Himself Extravagance
"I beg your forgiveness, too, for the sins of omission on the part of church leaders who did not respond adequately" to reports of sex abuse, the Pope said on Monday, July 7, 2014.
— Pope Francis met and prayed with six European victims of pedophile priests for the first time Monday, a gesture that placed greater focus on the sexual abuse scandals that have tarnished the Roman Catholic Church's image (Lyman).
Francis had something groundbreaking to say on accountability compared to other Popes in the passed that addressed the clerical sexual abuse issue.
“All bishops must carry out their pastoral ministry with the utmost care in order to help foster the protection of minors, and they will be held accountable”(Lyman).
Cardinal Timothy Dolan, the outspoken archbishop of New York, said Pope Francis had told him: “Rather than quickly condemn them, let's just ask the questions as to why that has appealed to certain people" (Squires).
In politically dangerous times for Argentina, he spoke for human rights
“During the dictatorship era, other church leaders only feebly mentioned a need to respect human rights. When Bergoglio spoke to the powerful, he was much more forceful. In his 2012 address, he said Argentina was being harmed by demagoguery, totalitarianism, corruption and efforts to secure unlimited power. The message resonated in a country whose president was ruling by decree, where political scandals rarely were punished and where top ministers openly lobbied for Fernandez to rule indefinitely.”
(“Pope Francis Biography”)
- During the dictatorship, he even hid people in the church, even once giving “his identity papers to a man with similar features, enabling him to escape across the border” (“Pope Francis Biography”).
His Life of Embodied Compassion
- The events of Bergoglio’s life as described in the previous slides show one act of compassion after another:
- His service to the poor and solidarity with them in acts of conversation, feet washing, meal sharing exhibit what Nouwen, McNeill, and Morrison describe as a life of compassion in solidarity: “compassion means going directly to those people and places where suffering is most acute and building a home there” (25).
- He understood what it meant to displace oneself in order to live in community with others:
Instead of contenting himself to wearing extravagant clothes, taking private transportation, and having meals cooked for him, he chose not to have those things. He truly was “called out of [his] familiar places to unknown territories . . . to the places where people hurt” (62) He didn’t choose to have things of “distinction,” but rather chose positions and things of “sameness” with the community (64).
Allen, John. On Sex and Money, Pope Francis sets his course.
The Boston Globe
. July 12, 2014. n.p.
July 13, 2014. Web.
Abersold, G. W., P. "Words to Think about: Pope Francis I."
El Chicano Weekly
: 1. Apr 04 2013. ProQuest. Web. 15 July 2014 .
Ambrogetti, Francesca, and Sergio Rubin.
Pope Francis: His Life in His Own Words, Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio
. New York: Penguin, 2010. Print.
“Biography of the Holy Father Francis.” Franciscus.
Libreria Editrice Vaticana
, n.d. Web 12 July, 2014.
Elsner, K. "Poper Francis: 12 Remarkable Facts."
, Jan. 4 2014. Web. 17 July 2014. <http://guardianlv.com/2014/01/pope-francis-12-remarkable-facts/>
Henao, Luis Andres. “Francis The 'Slum Pope': Jorge Mario Bergoglio Remembered For Ministering To Buenos Aires' Poorest.”
The World Post.
The Huffington Post, 15 March, 2013. Web 13 July 2014.
Lyman, Eric. Pope Francis to Sex Victims: 'I Beg your Forgiveness'.
. July 7, 2014. n.p. July 13, 2014. Web.
McElwee, Joshua. "Cardinals Elect Pope Francis, Argentinean Jesuit Jorge Mario Bergoglio."
National Catholic Reporter
. N.p., 13 Mar. 2013. Web. 11 July 2014.
McKenna, Josephine. Pope Francis Speaks Out On Abortion.
Religion News Service
. April 26, 2014. n.p.
July 16, 2014. Web
Nouwen, Henri J. M., Donald P. McNeill, and Douglas A. Morrison.
. New York: Doubleday, 1982. Print.
O'Regan, Mary. "Pope Francis as a Young Man."
Welcome to The Crossroads Initiative
. N.p., 11 July 2014. Web. 15 July 2014. <http://www.crossroadsinitiative.com/library_article/1351/Pope_Francis_as_a_Young_Man.html>.
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
. USCCB, n.d. Web. 12 July, 2014.
“Pope Francis Biography.”
. Politico LLC, n.d. Web 12 July, 2014.
Squires, Nick. "Pope says Catholic Church should not dismiss Gay Marriage."
. March 10, 2014. n.p.
July 16, 2014. Web.
Stoltz, Eric. "How Has Pope Francis Differed From Previous Popes?"
. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 July 2014. Web.
Visit to the "Dono Di Maria" (Gift of Mary) Homeless Shelter: Meeting with the Missionaries of Charity, the Poor and Volunteers (21 May 2013). Pope Francis, 21 May 2013. n.p. 13 July 2014. Web.
Wood, Laura. "What Did The Pope Say About Divorce?"
The Thinking Housewife
. September 26, 2013. n.p.
July 17, 2014. Web.
Archbishop Dolan stressed that the Pope had not shifted the Catholic Church’s position on same-sex unions.
"It wasn't as if he came out and approved them,” he told the NBC television network in the US (Squires).
But the Pope wanted senior Church leaders to “look into” the issue and to scrutinise the reasons why many countries have legalised same-sex marriages.
"Abortion compounds the grief of many women who now carry with them deep physical and spiritual wounds after succumbing to the pressures of a secular culture which devalues God’s gift of sexuality and the right to life of the unborn,” the pope said (McKenna).
VATICAN CITY: On Friday, April 25, 2014 Pope Francis reiterated his strong opposition to abortion
"In our ecclesiastical region there are priests who don't baptize the children of single mothers because they weren't conceived in the sanctity of marriage,' Bergoglio told his priests. 'These are today's hypocrites. Those who clericalize the Church. Those who separate the people of God from salvation. And this poor girl who, rather than returning the sender, had the courage to carry it into the world, must wander from parish to parish so that it's baptized!" (Pope Francis Biography).
Jorge Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina on Dec. 17, 1936 to Italian immigrants. Jorge was the oldest of four siblings. Growing up, the Bergoglio family was neither poor nor rich. His father worked for the railroad while his mother took care of the children. His parents taught him how to live a life of compassion and humility. They never owned a car or indulged themselves with anything other than what they needed. They wouldn't separate themselves from people of different social classes. (O'Regan 1 and Abersold 2)
Well Rounded Scholar
- Doctorate in Theology
- Master's in Chemistry
Bergoglio speaks fluent Spanish, English, Italian, Portuguese, German, and French.
Pre Priest Skills
Well rounded in Italian cooking, tought to him by his mother Regina.
"World Class Tango Dancer"
Moving up the "Ranks"
Enters Society of Jesus
Takes vows as Jesuit
Taught high school Literature & Psychology.
He served as master of novices & vice chancellor. As well as serving superior of Jesuit of Argentina.
He continues teaching and goes to "Germany to finish his doctoral thesis; his superiors then sent him to the Colegio del Salvador in Buenos Aires and next to the Jesuit Church in the city of Cordoba as spiritual director and confessor" ("Biography of the Holy Father Francis").
("Pope Francis") and (O'Regan 2)
The "Dirty War"
From 1976 to 1983 the military was ruling violently. Some of the priests were rebelling and Bergoglio "demanded absolute obedience and political neutrality of his priests" (O'Regan 2). He did this to protect their lives.
During this time of military rule two Jesuits were "evangelising and starting literacy programmes in the shanty town Belen-Bethlem"
(O'Regan 2). Bergoglio told them to stop what they were doing but the two men didn't listen and were arrested along with others that were helping. He later stated, "that ordering them to stop going to the slums was the only way to ensure they wouldn't be killed" (O'Regan 2).
Pope Francis declares that divorcees deserve compassion too.
"We must always consider the person. Here we enter into the mystery of the human being. In life, God accompanies persons, and we must accompany them, starting from their situation. It is necessary to accompany them with mercy. When that happens, the Holy Spirit inspires the priest to say the right thing" (Wood).
"You tell us that to love God and neighbor is not something abstract, but profoundly concrete: it means seeing in every person the face of the Lord to be served, to serve him concretely. And you are, dear brothers and sisters, the face of Jesus." - Address by Pope Francis
Did You Know?
- Before the priesthood, Pope Francis took ordinary jobs, including being a teacher, a janitor, and even a bouncer at one point. (Elsner).
- He was the first pope elected from the Americas or from the Jesuit order ("Pope Francis").
- He has only one lung; When he was young, he had severe pneumonia and the lung was removed in treatment (Elsner).