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THE ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICT

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Daniel Santella

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of THE ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICT

THE ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICT
UNIT QUESTION
KEY
CONCEPTS
RELATED CONCEPTS
CONTENT
Is there a relationship between the two?
POVERTY causes CONFLICT?
CONFLICT causes POVERTY?
What two things does this map show?
Muslims & Jews: Who are they?
VOCAB
Arabs
Israelis
Judaism

Islam

Muslim

Jews

violence

nonviolence

Gaza Strip

West Bank

Jerusalem
Mohammad
Dome of the Rock

Mecca

Al Aqsa Mosque

Abraham

Hamas

refugees

suicide bombers

settlements
Hezbollah
Holocaust

Zionism

Right of Return

Six Day War

UN Partition Plan

Camp David Accords

Yom Kippur War

Palestinian Liberation Organization

Intifada

Oslo Accords

Yitzak Rabin
Yassir Arafat
Ehud Barak

Israeli Seurity Barrier

checkpoints

Mahmoud Abbas
Two State Solution

Monotheistic

"People of the Book"

Occupied Territories
Ariel Sharon
The Road Map
Munich 1972
2006 Lebanon War
supply induced scarcity

demand induced scarcity

structural induced scarcity
aquifer
Know the general history of the Arab Israeli conflict
Understand the underlying causes of the conflict.
Know and understand the current unresolved issues in the conflict: water, refugees, Jerusalem, settlements, Palestinian state, etc.
Understand the values and limitations of nonviolent and violent resistance and know examples of both from each side.
Know how control of resources affects the conflict.
Understand the tools of conflict resolution and compromise and apply them to the conflict.
Know some of the proposed solutions to the conflict.
Understand the general perspectives of each side.
Understand that within the Israelis there are differing opinions, and same for the Palestinians.
Understand the implications and importance of this conflict to other world events.
Global Interactions
Perspective
focuses on the connections among individuals and communities, as well as their relationships with built and natural environments, from the perspective of the world as a whole.
GLOBAL INTERACTIONS
is the position from which we observe situations, objects, facts, ideas and opinions. Perspective may be associated with individuals, groups, cultures or disciplines. Different perspectives often lead to multiple representations and interpretations.
PERSPECTIVES
POWER
Equity
RESOURCES
Identity
HOW
can
THE
Arab-Israeli
CONFLICT
best
BE
solved?
M
J
M & J
ARAB ISRAELI DATA COLLECTION
Does each of the three areas have the same natural resources? How important do you think this is? Why?
What does urban population mean? Describe the difference you notice between the three areas. Use data in your answer
What does life expectancy mean? Describe the differences between the three areas. Use data in your answer. Why is it important to consider life expectancy?

What does GDP per capital mean? Describe the differences between the three areas. Use data in your answer. What does this data tell us about these three areas?
How do you think this data affects the conflict between the Arabs and Israelis?
Websites/ Resources
Based on this chart, what do you see as the major issues to be resolved in the conflict?
KEY VOCABULARY
supply induced water scarcity
structural induced scarcity
demand induced scarcity
desertification
salinisation
aquifer
HAMAS
Pollution
Israeli Military action 2007-2008
Know definition & how it relates to the conflict!
WATER CONFLICTS IN THE GAZA STRIP
Read the document, define the vocabulary terms including an explanation of how they relate to the conflict, and do the Focus Questions on the final page. There may be a quiz next class!
HW
IN CLASS
Brief quiz on vocabulary
Discuss terms and Focus Questions
TASK: In groups of 2, create a one page visual showing the differing
perspectives
in the Water Conflict. Do not use written words except for labeling. Present to the class as a Palestinian and an Israeli
What is the message conveyed in the cartoon?
Two Minute Essay Formative Task
Take the next minute to think about what you will write
Explain the conflict over water in the Gaza Strip
GO!
NONVIOLENT VERSUS VIOLENT RESISTANCE
Evaluate the Tactics
Nonviolence
Violence/Self Defense
Values
Values
Limitations
Limitations
Purpose? Philosophy? Historical Figures?
What is Julia Bacca's message? What is her reasoning for that message? Does she make a convincing argument?
Unresolved Issues Debate
REFLECTION
If you felt oppressed and that the government was not protecting your rights, how would you react? Why? What would cause you to use violence to achieve your goals? Which method, violence or nonviolence, do you think is most effective? Why?
The message conveyed in the cartoon is that the water scarcity for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip is because of Israeli selfishness and overuse of resources. I know this because the Israeli in the cartoon has more than enough water while the Palestinian waits patiently but gets nothing. This is related to the idea of structural induced scarcity in Gaza.
What is the message conveyed in the cartoon?
The message conveyed in the cartoon is.... I know this because....
CONFLICT ZONE: Nat. Geographic
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
REFUGEES
REFUGEES
REFUGEES
What is a refugee? Write answer on the post it and put it on the sign.
How is this different than a internally displaced person? What is an asylum seeker? What is a returnee?
"The refugee is a person who is outside his or her country of origin or habitual residence because they have suffered (or feared) persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or because they are a member of a persecuted 'social group' or because they are fleeing a war."
What are four reasons you can think of where people might be forced from their homes? Find real, specific examples of people who have fled their homes for this reason? Make a spider diagram on Prezi of these reasons and examples.
How do the maps represent the information. How are they similar and different?
Which places have the most people leaving?
Which places accept the most people?
What are the numbers of refugees in the each of the five major refugees populations?
Where are Palestinian refugees located now?
Are there any places that surprise you as far as where people are leaving and where people are going?
MAP ANALYSIS
R
REASON 1
EXAMPLE 1
with description
PICTURE/MAP
PICTURE/MAP
REASON 2
EXAMPLE 1
with description
PICTURE/MAP
PICTURE/MAP
EFUGEES
REASON 3
EXAMPLE
with description
PICTURE/MAP
PICTURE/MAP
REASON 4
EXAMPLE
with description
PICTURE/MAP
PICTURE/MAP
If you are interested in more maps like this or cool representations
go to worldmapper.org or informationisbeautiful.net
FIND THE MAPS ON THE WEEBLY
Refugee Source Analysis
Why and when did they leave their land?
Are there differing interpretations as to why they left their land?
Where are they now? What conditions do they live under?
What is the right of return?
What is the Israeli position on the Refugees? What about the positions of the Arab countries they live in?
Palestinian Refugees
Roleplay Reflection
What were the biggest areas of disagreement?
Were you able to work out any areas of agreement?
Were there any arguments that surprised you?
Is it right to speak of an "Israeli point of view" or a "Palestinian point of view"? Why or why not? Use examples from the roleplay to support your answer.
ISRAELI
SETTLEMENTS
HOMEWORK
Read the "Core Issues Explained" document to get a background on the topics. Look at the perspectives in "Core Issues Where they Stand" and answer the Questions about where you stand on the issues.
The Israeli Palestinian Conflict: 10 Myths Preventing Peace
With reference to its origin and purpose, discuss the values and limitations of this source.
TASK
Palestinian Terror
Watch the clip from "The Cult of the Suicide Bomber". Why do some Palestinians glorify this type of action?
QUOTES
In groups of 3, look over the quotes about violent and nonviolent resistance. As a group, discuss what each quote means.
What is the justification/reasoning for each opinion expressed. Which do you tend to agree with? Which ones do you disagree with?
As a group, rank them in order from the one you agree with the most to the one you disagree with them most.
MAKING
PEACE
Vocabulary: Diplomacy, Negotiations, Compromise, Agreement, Treaty, Ceasefire, Summit, Mediation, Mediator, Win-Win Situation.


PROMISES
CONFLICT RESOLUTION ROLEPLAY
Alpha and Omega are two countries on the brink of war. Historically there have been tensions because of differences in religion and culture. Recent initiatives like cultural exchanges and trade agreements had improved the situation. However, there has been an exceptionally long period of drought and both countries are struggling for resources. Alpha has put a pipe to drain water from the only major fresh water supply, the Aqua River. It is on their land so they are entitled to do this. The water is being used to irrigate farm land which is the main source of food for the population. The lower half of the Aqua River flows through Omega. The water flow has significantly decreased since the pipes were laid. They used to use the water in industry across the country. 60% of the population is employed in that industry and if the industry goes bankrupt the country will be thrown into poverty. Fighting has broken out in some places along the borders. The armies got involved initially to keep the peace but there have been instances of soldiers attacking each other or civilians. The situation is critical and people are desperate for a solution that will restore the peace.
Making a WIN-WIN Situation
Avoid judgement. Act as a facilitator.
Know the perspectives of each side.
Understand what each side
needs
.
Understand what each side
wants
.
Try to find areas of agreement between the two sides.
Propose solutions that try to meet each side's needs.
1 person is the mediator
1 person represents Alpha
1 person represents Omega

Read over your instructions (3 minutes)
Carry out the roleplay (10 minutes)
Reflect on your experience. What was difficult about your role? Was finding a solution difficult? Why? Was your solution fair to both sides? (10 minutes)
Class discussion: What solutions could you come up with to make both sides happy?
Now pretend all in the group are mediators. What solutions would you come up with to solve this conflict? (5 minutes)
ASSESSMENT
SAMPLE
Note: Your assessment should have a cover sheet, pictures, etc in order to score better in Criterion D. Make it look like a proper proposal!
For the description of each unresolved issue, make sure you include the who?, what?, when?, why?, where?, and how?
Cite in footnotes all ideas that are not yours, as well as information that is not commonly known.
Pass in a hard copy along with evidence of collecting and recording relevant information: charts, notes, highlighted articles, screenshots. 3-4 examples along with your bibliography should be sufficient.
No formal OPVLs are due, but you should always evaluate sources: www.israelisawesomeandpalestiniansarehorrible.com should raise flags!
REMINDERS
Promises is a documentary viewing the Israeli Palestinian conflict through the eyes of seven of the children involved
Questions to Consider
Daniel and Yarko: Israeli boys living in west Jerusalem, secular Jews.
Shlomo: Jewish quarter in Jerusalem, Orthodox, son of a Jewish rabbi
Moishe: Jewish boy living in Beit-El, an Israeli settlement in the West Bank.
Faraj: Palestinian boy from the Deheishe refugee camp in the West Bank.
Mahmoud: Palestinian living in the Palestinian quarter of Jerusalem
Sanabel: Palestinian girl. daughter of a Palestinian prisoner
You will be assigned two children. Fill out the following outline based on what you see from that person in the film.

________________ (name of assigned person), a
________________ (Palestinian/Jew) who
________________ (further description of person), feels that
________________ (explain perspective). He/she feels that way because
________________ (events/ideas/examples that shape their perspective).
His/her perspective did/did not change through the course of the documentary. ________________ (If changed, tell how and explain why. If not, why not?).
The most interesting thing about this person is ________________.
Do you think efforts like this will help bring peace?
What was the most interesting thing about the film?
What is the biggest factor in determining the perspectives of the children?
Do you think there an objective "true" perspective in this conflict? Or is it all "relative"?
Palestinians
Israelis
Israel is the cause of the water shortage and Gazan suffering
The attacks on Gaza are disproportional and damaged our already poor water infrastructure. These led to thousands of deaths from the Israeli military and health issues caused by polluted water
Israeli settlers have access to much more water and much cleaner water than us.
We pay effectively 20 times the price for water than the Isralis
If Gazans have water problems, they should blame themselves
Israel is only trying to do what any nation would do: protect ourselves. The military action in Gaza was only in response to the unprovoked Hamas sponsored rocket attacks on the Israeli people
Gazans elected Hamas, a terrorist group, as their government
Israel meets its obligations to supply water to Gaza based on past agreements between the two sides
PERSPECTIVES
http://www.intravelmag.com/intravel/interview/promises-an-interview-with-faraj-adnan
http://www.insightonconflict.org/conflicts/israel-palestinian-territories/peacebuilding-organisations/
http://www.theguardian.com/arts/pictures/0,8542,1543331,00.html
http://www.west-eastern-divan.org/
NONTRADITIONAL
PEACEBUILDING EFFORTS
Click on the links above to explore
Major Attempts at Peacekeeping in the Arab Israeli Conflict
Camp David Accords
Oslo Accords
The Road Map
Full transcript