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Transcript of PSYA3: Relationships
what a relationship is
how reliable and available the attachment figure is
the sort of emotional experiences they might expect
These internal working models influence the child's expectations about future relationships. Adult relationships are therefore also likely to reflect early attachment styles (i.e. whether secure or insecure) this is because the behaviour of the infants' primary attachment figure promotes an internal working model of relationships which leads the infant to expect the same in later relationships
in some extreme cases a child's internal working model leads them to develop an attachment disorder
The CARE GIVING system is knowledge about how one cares for others, learned by modelling the behaviour of the primary attachment figure
The SEXUALITY system is also learned in relation to early attachment; for example individuals who suffered from an avoidant attachment are more likely to hold the view that sex without love is pleasurable. RESEARCH SUPPORT FOR PARENTAL RELATIONSHIPS However, one key question concerns the stability of attachment types
it could be that an individual's attachment type is determined by the current relationship, which is why happily married individuals are secure
attachment theory does suggest that significant relationship experiences may alter attachment organization, for example Kirkpatrick and Hazan (1994) found that relationship break-ups were associated with a shift from secure to insecure attachment parent-child relationships THE INFLUENCE OF CHILDHOOD ON ADULT RELATIONSHIPS ATTACHMENT, CARE GIVING AND SEXUALITY claimed that we experience as romantic love in adulthood is an integration of three behavioural systems acquired in infancy ATTACHMENT, CARE GIVING and SEXUALITY SYSTEMS
The first system, ATTACHMENT, is related to the concept of the internal working model (John Bowlby's Theory of Attachment).
According to Bowlby, later relationships are likely to be a continuation of early attachment styles (secure or insecure) the relationship between attachment style and later adult relationship has been demonstrated in a number of studies FRALEY (1998) Conducted meta-analysis of studies, finding correlations from .10 to .50 between early attachment type and later relationships
Fraley suggested that one reason for low correlations may be because insecure-anxious attachment is more unstable