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Transportation (Ch 10)

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by

Jessica Abshire

on 24 July 2014

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Transcript of Transportation (Ch 10)

What state is this?
Travel
Railroad
Road
Water
Turnpikes in WV!
Settlement was slow because there were no roads on which people & their wagons could travel!
NOW
James River and Kanawha Turnpike, aka Midland Trail, follows
Route 60 & Interstate 64
.

Portion of National Road from Cumberland, MD to Wheeling in western VA follows
Route 40
.

Ferries
Bridges
Canal System
Hunters, trappers, & explorers crossed the Appalachian Mountains by following
Indian Trails
.



When settlers & farmers started to arrive, however, they needed better ways to move their belongings. Each improvement opened up western Virginia to
settlement
as well as
industrial development
.


It took
50 years
before western Virginia was joined to the eastern part of the state by good roads.
The first public road in present-day WV was in the eastern panhandle, running from
Winchester, VA
to the home of Morgan Morgan near
Martinsburg.
As roads were built,
property owners
were, at first, expected to keep them up. Responsibilities included:
devote a certain number of days to roads
filling mudholes
making other improvements to ensure comfortable travel
Establishment of system of
tolls
(fees) that were charged those who used the roads = money used for maintenance.
Northwestern Turnpike was completed from Winchester to Parkersburg - still in use today as
Route 50
.
Stopovers: Inns or Taverns
Restops along turnpikes and other highways.
Laws regulated prices for food & lodging.
Breakfast - 33 cents
Dinner - 37 cents
Lodging - 12 cents
Social class was not observed in inns/taverns.
Travelers may share bed/room with a stranger.

Greenbrier started as an Inn.
Ferries were the main means of crossing large rivers. Many westerners complained about the
fees
& the
interruptions in service
.
The
covered bridge
began to be used by American bridge builders & designers.
Before the entire system could be completed, however, the canals were outdated.
Flatboats - could only go
downstream
Steamboat
James Rumsey tested steam-powered boat on the
Potomac River.
Early trains were drawn by
horses
& did not gain importance until steam was used to power them.
Wheeling
was chosen as the Ohio River terminus for the B&O Railroad. Northwestern Virginia Railroad extended from Grafton to
Parkersburg
.
At first, few pioneers crossed the mountains into western Virginia.The Transportation Revolution brought
growth
to the region and
cultural
change.
Full transcript