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Transcript of Los mandatos
Irregulars in tú affirmative:
Decir, salir, poner, ser, ir, venir, hacer, tener
Irregulars in tú negative, Ud., Uds.:
S ser (sea)
I ir (vaya)
D dar (dé)
E estar (esté)
Tú commands: given to a friend or family member
Ud. commands: given to someone that you would not address by first name
Uds. commands: given to more than one person
Vosotros commands: given to more than one person with whom who are familiar (Spain only!)
To form the tú affirmative command, use the é/ella/Ud. form of the verb. Let’s look at some examples:
Habla despacio, por favor
Arregla tu cuarto.
Escribe el informe
Come las verduras
If the verb is reflexive, attach the pronoun to the affirmative command. The same is true if you have object pronouns- Always Attach to Affirmative commands! Reminder: when attaching, add in the accent to retain the stress!
Acuéstate a las nueve Go to bed at 9
¡Vístete ahora! Get dressed now!
Cómpramelo. Buy it for me
Entrégasela. Deliver it to him(or her)
Lávate las manos Wash your hands
Tú negative commands are formed in the same way as are the Ud. and Uds. commands. Use the “yo” form of the present tense verb, take off the “o” and add the “opposite” ending of what you normally would. With the Ud. and Uds. affirmatives, reflexives and objects are attached. However, with negative commands, we never attach: Never attach to Negatives!
Look at the following chart: