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Roman Literature

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Amanda Wilks

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of Roman Literature

Timeline of Roman Literature Cicero 106 BC - 43 BC Philosophical dialogue by Cicero on which he discusses, well, the nature of the Gods. It was written in 45 BC. The dialogue uses Stoic and skeptical theories to examine questions of theology.
"Things perfected by nature are better than those finished by art."
"Meliora sunt ea quae natura quam illa quae arte perfecta sunt"
(II, 87) De Natura Deorum (On the Nature of the Gods) The Golden Age (80 BC-14 AD) Catullus 84 BC - 54 BC & Catullus 2 - Poem by Catullus
- about unnamed puella and her sparrow
-unnamed girl might be Lesbia
Passer, deliciae meae puellae,/O sparrow, delightful pet of my girl,
quicum ludere, quem in sinu tenere,/with whom she is accustomed to play, who she is accustomed to hold in her lap,
cui primum digitum dare appetenti/To whom (when you are) seeking, she is accustomed to give the top of her finger,
et acris solet incitare morsus,/And to provoke sharp bites,
cum desiderio meo nitenti/Whenever it is pleasing for my shining sweetheart
carum nescio quid lubet iocari,/To make some dear joke,
et solaciolum sui doloris,/And comfort for her grief,
credo, ut tum gravis acquiescat ardor:/So that then, I think, her heavy passion may find rest:
tecum ludere sicut ipsa possem/If only I could play with you just as she does,
et tristis animi levare curas!/and lighten the sad cares of my mind. The Augustan Period (43 BC-14 AD) Virgil 70 BC - 19 BC The Aeneid - Epic Poem written by Virgil
between 29 and 19 BC
- Tells story of Aeneas,
Trojan ancestor to Rome
-Also a character in the
Greek Iliad
- It is composed of 9,896 lines
- Has mistakes because Virgil
died before completion
-It was published even though
Virgil insisted it be burned
upon his death
-The epic contains pietas
(a selfless sense of duty
toward one's filial, religious,
and societal obligation),
fate, divine intervention
(godly help), and conflict,
All of those are typical
characteristics of a Roman epic poem. Ovid 43 BC - 17 AD & Metamorphoses - Narrative poem by Ovid
-considered his magnum opus
(lit. great work, i.e. best, most
popular,and/or largest work)
- first published in 8 AD
- consists of fifteen books
and over 250 myths
- chronicles history of world
from creation to deification of Julius Caesar The Silver Age (14 AD - 138 AD) Pliny the Younger 62 AD - 113 AD Epistulae -Series of personal works written
by Pliny to his friends and associates
- has 10 books
- tell about history and everyday
life in the 1st century
- written in new style
- letters for publication
- very objective compared to
other historical works
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