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Soccer Free Kick for the 40 Yard Line

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by

Lauren Sanders

on 5 May 2014

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Transcript of Soccer Free Kick for the 40 Yard Line

Soccer Free Kick from the
Forty Yard Line

Presented by:
HOLIDAY
WILLIAMS
#2
LAUREN
SANDERS
#4
OVERALL GOAL OF THE SKILL
To accurately place the soccer ball inside the
goal box to set up one's teammates in a position to score a goal or to gain an advantage by placing the ball into an area where teammates might be.
OVERALL MOTION OF THE SKILL
The motion of the kick involves a short
run, balancing, moving in mutltiple planes and around different axis', and a small hop landing on the kicking foot.
MAJOR SKILL PHASES
1. Preliminary Phase
2. Load Phase
3. In Air Phase
4. Back swing Phase
5. Ball Contact Phase
6. Follow Through Phase
INTRODUCTION
SKILL PERFORMANCE FACTORS AND LIMITATIONS
EQUIPMENT AIDS AND LIMITATIONS
ENVIRONMENTAL MECHANICS AIDS AND LIMITATIONS
RULE LIMITATIONS
Both direct direct and indirect free kick rule limitiation include
that the ball must be stationary when the kick is taken and the kicker must not touch the ball again until it has touched another player.

The free kick must be taken from the place where the
infringement occurred of from the position of the ball when the infringement occurred
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LIMITATIONS
Compensation, Affect the form, Not kicking the ball correctly

Fatigue
Injury
90 minute game, Muscle glycogen reduced
Player’s Muscle Strength and power.
Less muscle activity and more relaxation, control of the muscle
HUMAN PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
Motivation
Confidence
Concentration
Score of the game, Coach influence
Injury, Previous kicks
Opposing team's players and fans, wall
OTHER GENERAL TECHNIQUE FACTORS
Length of the approach, Intensity of the kick, and Player’s range of motion.
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AMONG PLAYERS
How a player sets the ball up to take the kick
How a player approaches the ball
Which foot the player is using
Which part of the foot the player is using
Part of the ball the player is aiming to kick
Player’s follow through.
ANATOMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SKILL
TRAINING FOR IMPROVEMENT
PERFORMANCE & INJURY PREVENTION

SPECIFIC TECHNIQUE GOALS
Find how many steps away from the ball
3-5 steps
1. PRELIMINARY PHASE
4. BACK SWING PHASE
Kicking with the laces in the middle to lower half of the ball
Refrain from kicking with the toe.
Keep ankle is locked and firm
Keep the plant foot firm during the kick.
5. BALL CONTACT PHASE
Left foot is planted 5-10 to the left of the ball
Left foot along with the hips are lined up to target.
6. FOLLOW THROUGH PHASE
Follow through by landing on the kicking foot
DRILLS AND EXERCISES TO
IMPROVE TECHNIQUE GOALS
Player is standing and kicks a soccer ball out of the hands up into the air about 6-7 feet high without a spin.

Player holding the ball in the hands and letting the ball bounce between each kick.
Player drops the ball from their hands and strikes it in direction toward a friend or a wall.
INJURY CONCERNS
Hamstrings strains and tears.
Sprain or break the ankle
Fracturing a toe
Sprain their planting foot’s ankle
EXERCISES FOR INJURY PREVENTION
PRONE HIP EXTENSION
HAMSTRING EXERCISE
SINGLE LEG THROWS
PRELIMINARY
PHASE
LOAD PHASE
IN AIR
PHASE
BACK SWING
PHASE
CONTACT WITH
BALL PHASE
FOLLOW THROUGH
PHASE
2. LOAD PHASE
Begin the run-up with a sudden bust of force to initiate forward momentum
3. IN AIR PHASE
Arms and legs are in opposition
Torso is extending from flexion.
Flexing both knees
COMMON ERRORS
ERRORS IN THE BEGINNER
1. PRELIMINARY PHASE
Narrow base of support
Lack of eye fixation on the ball
2. LOAD PHASE
Center of gravity too far forward
Too mobile
3. IN AIR PHASE
Little or no flexion of knees
Not using shoulders to produce force
Pointing plant foot away from target
4. BACK SWING PHASE
Plant foot is too far behind ball
Right knee is not flexed enough
Arms adducted
5. CONTACT WITH BALL PHASE
Reaching
Stabbing at the ball
6. FOLLOW THROUGH PHASE
Arms full adducted
Not landing on the kick foot
CORRECTING BEGINNER ERRORS
1. PRELIMINARY PHASE
Widen base of support
Eye fixation on ball
2. LOAD PHASE
Flexion of torso at hips rather than flexion at the ankles
3. IN AIR PHASE
4. BACK SWING PHASE
5. CONTACT WITH BALL PHASE
6. FOLLOW THROUGH PHASE
Increase flexion at left knee to absorb shock when landing on ground.
flex left shoulder and extend right shoulder
Changing direction of plant foot towards target and timing landing
Plant foot besides ball
Flex right knee
Flex shoulder and extend the right shoulder
Abduct shoulders
Flex left shoulder
Make contact on lower portion of ball
Increase flexion at left shoulder
Follow though with foot towards target
ERRORS IN THE ADVANCED PLAYER
1. PRELIMINARY PHASE
3. IN AIR PHASE
5. CONTACT WITH BALL PHASE
2. LOAD PHASE
4. BACK SWING PHASE
6. FOLLOW THROUGH PHASE
Standing directly perpendicular to the net and ball
Standing too far away from ball
Contacting the ball above the midline
Producing too much force
Plant foot too far away
Plant foot unstable
Pointing plant foot away from target
Taking choppy steps
Not landing on the kicking foot
CORRECTING ADVANCED ERRORS
1. PRELIMINARY PHASE
2. LOAD PHASE
3. IN AIR PHASE
5. CONTACT WITH BALL PHASE
4. BACK SWING PHASE
6. FOLLOW THROUGH PHASE
45 degree angle from ball
Step backwards from ball
Changing direction of plant foot towards target and timing landing
Take long strides
Timing the approach
Placing foot adjacent to ball
Contact ball below midline
Control muscles during backswing
Continue forward motion through kick.
SUMMARY
Knowing the biomechanics of a free kick from the forty yard line will improve overall goal of the free kick which is to accurately place the soccer ball inside the goal box to set up one’s teammates in a position to score a goal or to gain an advantage by placing the ball into an area where teammates may be.
FACTORS AND LIMITATIONS
Equipment
Time
Accuracy
Physiological
Psychological
Technique
PRIMARY PHASE OF THE ANATOMICAL ANALYSIS
Foot -to-ball contact is crucial in determining the height of the ball, spin on the ball, and the trajectory path the ball will travel
The most common injury while performing a free kick is hamstring strains and tears. The major contributing exercise to help prevent this injury is the prone hip extension hamstring exercise. This is considered a strengthening exercise. The major muscles used this exercise are the hamstrings, with help from the quadriceps and glueteus.
MAIN TRAINING FOR
IMPROVEMENT & INJURY PREVENTION
MOST COMMON ERRORS
The most common errors during a free kick that occur with a beginner and an advanced player include standing too far away from ball, plant foot pointing away from target, plant foot too far behind ball, and not following through completely.
QUESTIONS?
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