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The Unification of Germany- Part 2

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Elisabetta Paoli

on 14 May 2017

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Transcript of The Unification of Germany- Part 2

The Unification of Germany
Part 2 (p. 155 - 171)

The Danish War 1864
p.158-159
1.1863 Danish king died without ...., crown passed to ....
2. The German duchies: Schleswig-Holsteiner
put forward own claimant : ......
3. King ..... violated the ....... by annexing Schleswig to ......
4. .'. the German confederation sent .... to ..... on behalf of ......
5. Bismarck aim was to take advantage of the war to ....
6. He sought for help from ... and independently from the Confederation, the 2 armies invaded the duchies with the excuse that ...
7. At the ...... in 1864 no agreement between the fighting countries was found.
8. However, without Britain's support .... decided to surrender.

The results of the Danish War (p.159-160)
The Schleswig-Holstein question
1. In Oct. 1864 with the treaty of Vienna ....
2. Schleswig-Holstein were to be governed jointly by .... . Tensions arouse between ...
3. Duke Frederick VIII (German: Friedrich Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg;), succeeded nominally as the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1863 while Prussia actually took overlordship and real administrative power.
4. In August 1865 at the Convention .... Austria and Prussia agreed that .....
5. Bismarck strengthened Prussia's army because ...
6. He also met Napoleon III to secure his help against ....
Otto von Bismarck
Chancellor of the New German Empire (Reich)
Franco-Prussian War and the German Empire
(1870 - 1871) p. 167- 171
Bismarck faces Prussia's Strengths and Weaknesses
p. 156, 158
1. STRENGTHS:
Prussia's economic boom (p. 156)
Zollverein: promoted, encouraged circulation and exchange of goods in the German states
Prussia had a good ..... system .'. developed know-how for industry
Possessed plentiful supplies of ........
Capitalists like ..... played important role.
2. WEAKNESSES (p. 158)
Prussia's territories stretched across ....
Opposition of Austria of Prussia's domination of .... (Austria had .... and .....)
German states opposed ....
Liberals opposed ......

German states 1863
The Ems Telegram and War with France 1870 (p. 164)
1. French Emperor (Napoleon III) demanded that William ... forever.
2.William refused but from Bad Ems sent Bismarck a telegram to inform of days events.
3. Bismarck reduced the text to give the impression that ....
4. The reduced telegram was published and the French demanded ...
5. France declared war on Prussia on 19 July. Bismarck's achievement: France declared war not Prussia.
6. Bismarck called upon southern German states to ....
7. The Franco-Prussian war was considered a great national war and brought about National Unity.
Franco-Prussian relations
(p 164)
1. Gains for Prussia after Treaty of Prague: majority of ... were now part of ...
2. Nationalist pressure asked to complete ....
3. Napoleon III needed ... to prove that France was ....
4. In 1867 the Dutch king agreed to ... provided that ... agreed.
5. Bismarck did not want to start war with France yet, so he asked to .... to ...
6. At a conference in London, Luxembourg ...
7. For France this meant no ...
8. Years 1867-70 were ...
The 7 weeks war and the North German Confederation p. 160
1. 1866 War btwn Prussia & Austria became inevitable: to settle matter of Schleswig-Holstein and to decide .....
2. Alliance with Italy: Italy wld support Prussia, in return Italy cld ....
3. Prussia had support of north German states but most large states (eg. ....) supported .....
4. Austria appealed to the confederation to ... Bismarck responded by .... but this did not lead immediately to war.
5. Bismarck proposed
to reorganize the Confederation to exclude ...,
to set up a national parliament elected by ....
to put all troops in Nothern Germany under ...
6. Austria asked the Diet to censor Prussia. Prussia occupied .... . Prussia withdrew from Confederation and declared it ...
The Polish revolt (1863)
p. 158
In 1863 Russian Poles (Catholics) revolted against ..... .
Bismarck offered ...... support against .... because ........
Tsar Alexander II refused the offer because .......
The agreement between Prussia and Russia was known as ....
This agreement allowed .... to ...... into Prussia.
The agreement alienated ....., ..... and liberal opinion in Germany.
However, the agreement between .... and ... was useful in 1866 and 1870-1



The Hohenzollern candidature 1868-1870 (p.165)
1. Revolution in Spain search for new king request to Prince Leopold (of Hohenzollern family - family of .... )
2. Bismarck in favour of Leopold, William I worried ... . Bismarck persuaded William to ... . but Leopold did not wish to accept Spanish throne
3. Bismarck insisted and in June, William gave ... .
4. France threatened war - French ambassador in Berlin, count ... warned William I. William I did not want war with France esp. over Spanish candidature.
5. Leopold's candidature was wihdrawn.
1. German troops were ... by using 6 .... to French frontier.
2. On 3rd September Napoleon ... , ... was taken prisoner
3. In Paris, the emperor was .... . New govrnment of ... continued the war. Paris was .... . In January 1871 ..... .
3. The treaty of Frankfurt imposed harsh conditions on ... . Alsace and Lorraine were, France had to pay ... , German army of occupation remained in ...
until ...
4. Bismarck did not want France to be a ... in the future, Alsace and Lorraine were rich in ...
5. War against France created a united Germany,
a new Reich.
6. The new Reich was a Federal state
but the real power ....
The seven weeks war against Austria 1866
1. Bismarck issued an ultimatum to 3 German states : ... to side with Prussia
2. Ultimatums were rejected .'. Prussian forces ...
3. The War against Austria (p. 161)
Prussian army under General ... was strong: had doubled its .... ,use of railways to transport troops. Austrian army had more ..., support from .... , central position.
Italian declaration of war = Austria had to ...
Prussian troops advanced from ... using ... railway lines.
Prussia won a great victory at ... on
4. Austria asked for peace because ...
A Moderate Peace treaty
- if Austria was treated severely she wld hv .... (p.161)
- Germany did not want provinces like .... nor govern Austria.

1. Austria agreed to Prussia's annexation of ....
2. Prussia annexed ....
3. The German Confederation was replaced by ... dominated by ...
4. Austria surrendered ... to ...
5. The southern states of .... retained their independence.
The TREATY OF PRAGUE
(August 1866)
FRENCH ISOLATION
1. Britain remained neutral - did not want France to invade .....
2. Italy would not help France as French troops were in Rome
3. Prussia had an areement of mutual help with Prussia in case of war
4. Austria did not want to have another war with Prussia and so did not help ...
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