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Felting

Overview of felting and factors that need to be considered when felting.
by

Rosie Sciacca

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Felting

The basics Felting What is
felting? What is
required
to felt? What needs to
be considered when designing
my creation? Felt as fashion Felt as an art form Felt as functional form Wearable art What can felting be used for??? Why & how does wool felt? The structure of individual wool fibres is the key to why felting happens. The surface of each wool fibre is covered with overlapping scales; when the fibre is dry the scales lie flat and smooth but when wet it becomes elastic and the scales open up. What is felt? The term felt is often loosely applied to fabric constructed by different processes and from different fibres. It is typically a NON WOVEN fabric produced by matting, condensing and pressing WOOLEN FIBRES.

There are numerous types of felt and each can be used for a variety of purposes. Commercial Felt Embellishment Machine Hand Needle Punched Needle-Punched Felt Wet Felt PREFELT (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Felt is a wool fabric in which fibres are interlocked and entangled. Application of moisture and friction transforms the wool fibres into a compact mass known as felt. Produced by a wet process of layering and felting wool fibres just enough to form a cohesive sheet without shrinking. Produced from wool fibres using the wet process - stimulated by friction and lubricated by moisture (usually soapy water), fibres move at a 90 degree angle towards the friction source and then away again, in effect making little "tacking" stitches. This "wet" process takes advantage of the inherent nature of wool and other animal hairs. The hairs are made up of unidirectional scales, and they are also naturally kinked. It is this combination which reacts to the friction of the felting process, forcing the scales on the hairs to lock together and thus causing the phenomenon of felting. Is formed by the mechanical action of barbed felting needles. This is a DRY process & the fibres shrink less if at all.

It can be carried out using a hand felting needle OR embellishment machine. The needles have barbs to interlock the fibres. Can be used to interlock fibres to WOVEN fabric as well!!! Factory-produced felt composed of mixed fibres in different proportions, such as 60% wool 40% viscose. Nuno Felt The technique bonds loose fibre, usually wool, into a sheer fabric such as silk gauze, creating a lightweight felt. The fibres can completely cover the background fabric, or they may be used as a decorative design that allows the backing fabric to show. Nuno felting often incorporates several layers of loose fibres combined to build up colour, texture, and/or design elements in the finished fabric. Felt Family Tree 1)Lay out a towel on a flat surface. On top of the towel, lay a material that will provide agitation (eg bamboo mat, bubble wrap, non-slip mat).

2)Lay tufts of wool fibres in a line to the desired size. Lay on a second layer of tufts, parallel to the first layer. Repeat to the desired amount of layers, ensuring parallel layers are maintained (the more the layers, the thicker the felt and the more it will need to be felted).

3)Lay a piece of synthetic netting on top (synthetic to stop fibres from felting through) – this will keep the design in place.

4)Sprinkle soapy water over the net covered fibres – just enough to wet down.

5)Press down on the fibres by gently rubbing in a circular motion over the net covered fibres. Use a plastic bag or plastic container with grooves to assist. Remove netting when completed.

6)Place roller (a broom handle, piece of dowel, PVC pipe, etc) on the edge of the fibres and roll up the fibres, bubble wrap and towel.

7)Roll backwards and forwards 100 times. Open up fabric, stretch out, turn it around one quarter turn, roll up again and roll backwards and forwards again 100 times. Continue until turned fully.

8)Fold felted piece and throw onto flat surface a few times to assist felting process.

9)Test to see if fibres are felted. If not, continue agitating.

10)Rinse to remove soap, then soak in vinegary water (neutralised PH and ceases felting process). Dry. Wet Felting Process Breathable
Protective
Pliable
Colourful
Non-fraying Fire retardent
Water repellant
Warm and insulating
Soft and cozy
Breathable Properties ... small Wet Felting
Demonstration Watch the following wet felting demonstration. Note down some of the helpful tips provided by the felting expert. Keep these in mind when completing your felted project. What is required
to felt? What needs to be
considered when
designing my creation? Inspirations Inspirations Colour Shape Line Texture Design elements Design elements applied
to felt making List of equipment

Net curtain/mosquito netting
Soapy water
Dish cloth and bowl
Soap
Hot water
Rubber gloves
Bamboo blind or mat/bubble wrap
Towels
Templates and blocks Equipment and resources used Old towels
Bamboo Mat (optional)
Bubble Wrap
Plastic bag / bumpy container
Plastic bottle with small holes drilled in the lid
Length of heavy wooden dowelling or broom handle Net / Tulle
Rubber Gloves
Waterproof Apron Equipment Materials Wool roving
Yarns
Ribbons
Sheer Fabrics
Lace
Full transcript