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Copy of Understanding Individuals with Physical, Health, and Multiple Disabilities.

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Monica Castillo

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Understanding Individuals with Physical, Health, and Multiple Disabilities.

History of Special Education
"We know that of equality of individual ability has never existed and never will, but we do insist that equality of opportunity still must be sought." - Franklin D. Roosevelt

* Disabilities throughout the history
* The disabilities rights movement

Understanding Individuals with Physical, Health, and Multiple Disabilities
Disabilities Throughout History
Disabilities Rights Movement
Critical Issues for
Individuals with Physical,
Health or Multiple Disabilities
Alike and Different
Visible and Invisible
Acute and Chronic
Appropriate Accommodations
Assistive Technology
Universal Design for Learning
Illness Accommodations
Service Intensity and Personal independence Issues
Peer Assistance
Support for Personal Independence
Teaching and Learning Environments
Education Service Delivery Systems
General education class (inclusive)
Special Day Program
Special Sites
Hospital-Based Programs
Itinerancy services at home
Distance Learning
Community as an educational setting
Challenges to Effective Service Delivery
Architectural barriers
Tangible barriers
Competing philosophies
Appropriate training
Teacher Competencies and Evolving Roles
Knowledge and Skills
Physical and health monitoring and maintaining a safe, healthy environment
Adapted and specialized assessment and evaluation
Modifications ad assistive technology
Specialized instructional strategies
Disability-specific cor curricula
Setting the affective and learning environment
Professional Roles
Direct Instruction and Collaborative/Consultant Roels
* Past and Present Perspectives
* ancient civilizations
- if individuals could not
contribute to a families wealth
they were not considered as assests
* western Europe middle ages
- the church played a major role in securing a life for those with disabilities
* Brown v. Board of Education
* Civil Rights Act of 1964
* Rehabilitation Act of 1973
- Free and Appropriate Public
* Individuals with Disabilities
Education 2004
-Least Restrictive Environment

Definitions and Terminology
Defining Disabiliy- can be influenced by social, cultural, and legal parameters
* Models of Disability
-social model
-biopsychosocial model
* World Health Organizations InternationalClassification of Functioning, Disability, and Health
- functioning and disability
- contextual factory
*The Neuro-Developmental Treatment Enablement Model
- motor functions
1. system integrity/ impairements
2. effective/ineffective posture and movement
3. individual functional activities/limitations
4. participation/participation restrictions
*Federal Categories and Definitions
-orthopedic impairments
-Other Health Impairements
- Multiple Disabilities
-Traumatic Brain Injury

State Standards and the General Curriculum
Content Standards
Achievement Standards
Benchmarks Toward Meeting State Standards

*Common Core
* modified academic achievement standards
* alternate achievement standards
* milestones

* general state assessments
* alternate assessments
Full transcript