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African Lifestyle in Latin America & the Caribbean

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Quiamony Gaskins

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of African Lifestyle in Latin America & the Caribbean

CUBA MEXICO * First slaves were brought into Mexico in 1519

* There were many slave uprisings in Mexico, the first occurred in Veracruz with the story of Gaspar Yanga.

* Vincent Guerrrero: Afro-Latino General that fought for the Mexican War of Independence BRAZIL Candomblé What's shared, and what's distinct? In conclusion... African culture & lifestyle during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade period has influenced many modern-day cultures in the Americas.

A vibrant patchwork quilt of African culture is still in the making-- We wonder what squares will be added, next! in Latin America & the Caribbean Evolution of African Culture and Lifestyle Capoeira Brazilian Martial Art Afro-Brazilian religion Overview --large slave and free African populations throughout Latin America

--jobs of African slaves

--percentages of Africans in countries

--conditions of slaves

--the formation of their own culture * Cuba supplied 30% of the world's annual supply, in the 1860s.

*Mid-1800s: plantations made huge demands for slaves. Coffee, tobacco, and sugar cane were the main agricultural sources Ethnic Groups -Mexico had a smaller economy of slavery -Slave uprisings in Brazil and Mexico led to African settlements like San Lorenzo de los Negros de Carralvo in Mexico due to Gaspar Yanga an African slave who rebelled against Spanish conquistadors and Quilombos in Brazil which were settlements for escaped and free blacks. -Free Afro Cubans formed societies to help one another called Cabildos -Mexico, Cuba and Brazil had ties in the sugar plantation industry with Cuba supplying up to 30% of the world’s sugar -The tobacco industry was also present in both Brazil and Cuba -Ethnic groups West Africa like the Ewe and Fon where taken to Cuba and Brazil -The Cuban Santeria and Brazilian Candomblé religions are both centered around music and dance; and both have the ritual of “ring shout” The Lucumi, Arará, Carabalí, and the Congo Approximately 1,290,000 Africans were among the first group of slaves to be brought to Cuba: These groups originated from many regions in Africa-- anywhere from Nigeria and Dahomey to Sierra Leone and Angola. Celia Cruz Lazaro Ros
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