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Elements of Fiction

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Jeremiah Barr

on 31 January 2015

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Transcript of Elements of Fiction

Elements of Fiction
Plot
Plot is the content that makes everything mesh as a whole. The plot adds excitement, anger, tension, and eagerness to the text. This is the story, without a story to tell there is no book.
Conflict
Characters
Setting
The setting can be explained at anytime in the book, but is usually located in the beginning, to help the reader understand where the story will take place. Therefore, the setting is just the time, place, an action will occur in.
Elements of Fiction
In the creative world of fiction story telling, authors can use any tactics they please to achieve a masterpiece story. To achieve this feat, all the same elements are used in the authors own way, to comprise what we call a fictional novel. These elements include the following topics:
A plot is made up by a specific curriculum which makes the book entertaining for the readers these parts consist of exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and finally a resolution.
What makes up a plot?
What are these points? And how do they make a fictional book entertaining? For starters, what is exposition?
Exposition is just a term used to describe the beginning of a fictional story. This section of the book can be used to introduce main characters and introduce the setting that the book will be taking place in and or any conflicts the character faces.
What part of the book is rising action?
After the exposition, and everything you need to know for the future of the book has been explained, is where the rising action kicks in. This part of the book, in some cases can be most of the book. Sometimes there are multiple rising actions. A rising action makes the reader have eagerness to continue reading, because it begins to complicate and worsen conflicts, that will eventually need resolutions. This part is what feeds the reader their anticipation for the climax.
So after the rising conflict is climax? What is the climax of the book?
After all the rising action the book provided to you, to build up the tension and eagerness for some sort solution, the point finally appears. The point of the book that you having been striving to get to. The characters are at their breaking point, this is the climax. During the climax of the book, the character or characters meet a peak of emotion and find a need for a change. Therefore, this is the turning point, where all the conflicts are going to be met face to face.
Okay so the climax has happened, shouldn't the book be over? Everything is going to be resolved now?
No the book can't be over yet! This is just the point where the character is seeing a time of need to change the ways that they or society has been living. Therefore, the conflicts and complications are not going to be resolved, only challenged by the character. After the climax, stands the falling action. The falling action allows for the book to begin to follow the path towards all the resolutions, and answers to questions the book may have made for you. During this time, the characters either begin to succeed in their efforts, or fail in the efforts. Which then leads to the next point.
This is it! This is what the whole book has led up to. Every conflict, every complication, and every question you have had is now going to be resolved. The climax is over and the build up to the resolution has occurred. Therefore, we have the resolution. This is the point where all problems are solved, characters future may be foreshadowed, and all in all it is the end of the book.
Well the whole book is basically written, so what's next? The conflicts still need to be resolved.
This is the part or parts of the book that makes difficulty for the characters. It is the struggle between opposing forces. These create all the suspenseful moments within text.
What kind of conflicts could a character face throughout the book?
A character can face two sorts of conflicts during a book. One kind of conflict is an internal conflict. In this sort of conflict, it is not a physical problem that they are facing, but rather an internal problem, that only they may be going through or feeling. This usually tests the mental strength of the characters.
So if one is internal then the other must be external right?
Exactly! The character will usually face a set of both internal and external conflicts throughout the book. The external type of conflict is created by an outside force, such as another character, nature, or environment.
Example
Characters are the elements of a fictional story that make it a story. Every plot has to be carried out by characters. Therefore, these are the individuals that are involved in the action within the story. Their involvement can either be direct or indirect.
How many different characters are present in a story?
In a story there is two different types of characters, the protagonists, and the antagonist. The characters that are the "good" characters, fighting for the right things, are usually the protagonist. These characters are the central piece of a story, and struggle against the antagonist.
So the antagonist is the "evil" force in a story?
Exactly, the protagonist always fights the antagonist. "Good" vs. "Evil". The antagonist is usually the least popular of the two, but is good at making conflicts for the protagonist. The antagonist of the story can be and usually is another character, but sometimes it is a force of nature, or even just the protagonist struggling with himself.
What kinds of settings are there?
Physical setting is the most common type when thinking about a setting. This is the environment in which a story takes place, including all the social and political environments the character lives in.
Chronological Setting
This type of setting is what lets the reader know what time frame a story is raking place in. It includes the era, season, date, time etc.
Example
Point of view
Point of view can vary throughout the story, or sometimes it's told from the same perspective. Meaning that point of view is just the perspective in which the story is told.
Okay stories are always told, but what is telling it? Is it just an imaginary person? I've heard of something called a narrator.
Yes and no! Sometimes the author chooses the character to be the narrator pretending as if the narrator is telling a past experience. However, it could also be from an all knowing perspective as well which will be talked about later. But you're right, there is always a narrator and a narrator basically is just the person or voice telling the story, and may or may not reflect the authors own attitude.
Okay so what is it called when the main character is telling his own story?
When the main character is telling the story, this is a first person perspective. The character is telling his experience of events by using terms like
I, me, my, or myself
. Through this type of perspective you will have access to the thoughts, feeling, and opinions the character has throughout the book.
So if the book isn't first person, then does that mean it is in third person?
Yes, but it may not always be written in the same form of third person, you see there is a limited form and an omniscient form, or all knowing. In the limited form, the narrator uses the third person perspective with third person pronouns such as: he, she, it, or they. The narrator tells from an outside observer view, and gives only the thought, opinions, and feeling of one person.
Third person omniscient
Then there is third person omniscient which is the best of them all! This one still uses the same pronouns: he, she, it, and they. However, in this form, the narrator gets to reveal to you the reader the same actions as an outside observer, but also gets to reveal all thoughts, feeling, and opinions from
each
of the characters
Example
Theme
Well the theme of the book can really only be describe in one way. The theme is just a term used to describe the idea behind an author writing his literary work, or the message he is trying to portray to there audience. Now this is different for everybody, so don't worry about trying to get the correct theme all the time. No two people are the same, so therefore, with every reader comes different feeling and different opinions with what the book is really trying to tell us.
Example
vs.
Let's see what you've learned answer these before looking at answers!
1) What is a climax?
2) What is the plot of a book?
3) What two types of conflicts can a character experience?
4) Who is the antagonist of a story?
5) Who is the protagonist?
6)What is it called when you are given a description of things like time, place, era?
7) What is point of view?
8) Describe third person omniscient.

Answers:
1) The climax is the turning point, most exciting point, and the point with the most emotion in the book
2) The plot is the series of events that make up a story
3) The two types of conflicts are internal and external conflicts
4) The antagonist is the bad guy, or the "evil " side
5) The protagonist is the good guy of the story, usually main character
6) This is called a setting
7) The point of view is the perspective which the story is told
8) Third person omniscient uses he, she, it, they pronouns; this type observes from outside observer view, but gets to reveal feelings, thought, and opinions of all the characters.
When you read Huck Finn he had a very young journey to embark upon in his plot. He started off being controlled by Miss Watson, to be civilized, with infallible etiquette. He then he decided to leave one day, because he was fed up and wanted to live his own way. Then throughout his journey he felt many conflicts, such as what he should do with Jim. This turned into an internal conflict for him, because he could not come to a decision. After all of his trials, he eventually ends with the resolution, getting his own personal life, lived the way he wants it to be lived.
Huck faced many conflicts throughout his story. He faced many external conflicts that he had to overcome such as: When he and Jim needed to camp out on the island they both needed to stay out of sight or they would get caught and put back to their old lives or worse. As well as external, he also faced internal, such as the big one where he was undecided on whether he would keep helping Jim, or turn him in for the cash.
Example
In Huck Finn the protagonist can be obviously linked to Huck and Jim, because the story revolves around them. The author puts you on their side making them the " good " guys, and therefore, everybody that creates conflicts for them are then considered the " bad " side. However, the antagonists in this book can get more tricky. Sure everybody in the book that created a conflict for Huck can be considered an antagonist. But if you want to think deeper, who created the internal conflict Huck had towards Jim? Was it Jim himself, or was it something else? if your stuck that's fine. Even though Jim looks as if he is creating the problem for Huck, it is actually society that got to Huck. He let societies thoughts of Black men to shape the way he looks at Jim. This creates a conflict that he is unsure to choose what he knows is right internally, and what he was taught is right.



To clarify your understanding, in the three little pigs, who is the antagonist and who are the protagonist?

If you answered 3 little pigs as protagonists, and Big Bad Wolf as antagonist, you are getting this concept.
For Huck Finn, the book took place in the time of about 1830s-1840s. As well as all the states: Missouri, Illinois, and Arkansas, as he traveled along the Mississippi River.
So what is the setting? As you are reading what does a proper setting clarify for you the reader?
Answer: The setting describes to you the elements of either the physical characteristics around the character, or the chronological time frame it takes place. A proper setting clarifies any questions you may have about the world the character lives in, by enriching your imagination. Now if you had something similar, you basically know setting like the back of your hand.
Huck Finn is told from the First person view because throughout the whole book he uses pronouns such as
I.
Give it a shot, what Point of View would you say Huck Finn is told from? Think about the pronouns he uses.
Example
From Huck Finn there are many types of themes that could be grasped and it changes from person to person. One for example could be the idea that a single being should have the rights to his own thoughts and opinions without being dictated by society into thinking something other than what they truly thinks deep down.
For clarification, what is the theme in the tortoise and the hare?

Think deeper than just slow and steady wins the race
What does it actually mean......to YOU!?

This is my outlook: In lives, there are many instances where being the hare can help you accomplish and
win
in something. However, when a hare is trying to do everything in life quick, they starts missing things, and not getting them done if he slowed down and made sure everything is complete. Therefore, you need to be the tortoise where you may complete things at a slower rate and end up later than the hare, but you will always win because you went slow and thoroughly completely each step until you have perfection. Which leads in the end to the overall better performance.

If you had something similar great, if not, yours probably is just as correct.
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