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Transcript of Impressionism
1876 Luncheon of the Boating Party
1881 Edgar Degas Scene of War in the Middle Ages The Cotton Exchange in New Orleans 12 Nov 1840 - 17 Nov 1917 sculptor, worked with metal and clay From Paris, France Born: 19 July 1834 in Paris, France Died: 27 September 1917
Known for works in drawing, sculpture, printmaking, painting
considered to be a founder of Impressionism era, although he denied the contribution and preferred to be called a realist.
considered to be one of the major representatives of Impressionism, due to his innovating composition and his perspective analysis of motion.
More than half of his works portray dancers.
Early in his career, Degas aspired to be a history painter, he was well trained for by his rigorous academic training and close study of classic art.
Brung traditional methods of a history painter to contemporary subject matter, he became a classical painter of modern life. 1865.
One of his first works
Submitted to the Paris Salon
Received no attention - Degas would never do a historical painting again. 1873
Was his only work ever to sell to a museum (the Pau Museum) during his lifetime
After his Fathers death and the discovery of Degas brothers massive debts, Degas sold the painting (as well as the house) to save the family name. influences drew from Greeks and Romans, Renaissance art, Dante's The Divine Comedy He was often compared to Michelangelo throughout his career His style was a way of rebellion against academic sculpture DEGAS this is why his work is considered Impressionistic He also knew many of the most famous Impressionist artists on a social level Blue Dancers, 1899 The Ballet Rehearsal on Stage 1878-1880 bronze, 6' John the Baptist is the cousin of Jesus here, is seen more muscular and tough looking critics were confused: was he walking, was he standing? Rodin was trying to depict a romantic gesture This sculpture can be seen as impressionistic , because the body is gestural, the roughness of the bronze surface and texture captures the light in facets and deep hollows. The movement is impressionistic, and also in the details: the nose is big and the hollows of the eyes are extra deep Rodin's story: “The Thinker has a story. In the days long gone by I conceived the idea of the Gates of Hell. Before the door, seated on the rock, Dante thinking of the plan of the poem behind him... all the characters from the Divine Comedy. This project was not realized. Thin ascetic Dante in his straight robe separated from all the rest would have been without meaning. Guided by my first inspiration I conceived another thinker, a naked man, seated on a rock, his fist against his teeth, he dreams. The fertile thought slowly elaborates itself within his brain. He is no longer a dreamer, he is a creator.” 1902 RODIN 1867-1886 A concentration on the general impression produced by a scene or object and the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light. - 1841-1919
- Born in Limoges, France
- 1864- won acceptance into the annual Paris Salon
- Befriended Monet, Cézanne, Degas, Pissaro
-1874- They had the first Impressionism Exhibition
- Celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensuality
- Embraced a brighter palette for his painting- giving them a warmer, sunnier feel.
- Used different types of feathery brushstrokes to capture his artistic vision on canvas
- Left behind a legacy of over 200 works of art. In 1874 a group of artists, calling themselves "Société Anonyme des Artistes, Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs,"—roughly "Artists, Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, Inc."—opened an exhibition independent of the official Salon. More progressive writers praised it for its depiction of modern life. Their work is recognized today for its modernity, embodied in its rejection of established styles, its incorporation of new technology and ideas, and its depiction of modern life. The bright colors of Impressionist canvases were shocking for eyes accustomed to the more sober colors of Academic painting. The paints themselves were more vivid as well because of the development of synthetic pigments for artists' paints, providing vibrant shades of blue, green, and yellow never used before. Its many facets and varied participants make the Impressionist movement difficult to define. Even so, Impressionism was a movement of enduring consequence, as its embrace of modernity made it the springboard for later avant-garde art in Europe. his body is twisted in tension, suggesting a tough intellectual struggle The right muscular arm supports the pensive head, but the left hand is open, ready to grasp the reality of his vision and to act The contemplative look gives this sculpture a feeling of calm and yet this piece is by no means a frivolous or relaxed piece Why it's impressionistic: Rodin used the material that he worked with as part of the subject matter of his sculpture. He acknowledged that this sculpture is made of clay/bronze/stone, and a figure of a man is not an actual man but an impression of a man to personify an idea - Oil on Canvas-Depicts a typical Sunday afternoon at the Moulin de la Galette, an open air cafe and dancehall in the Montmartre district of Paris.
- It shows his joyful friends and also professional models.
- He aimed to capture the French joie de vivre.- The moving crowd is bathed in natural and artificial light and vibrant, brightly coloured brushstrokes
- Contemporary critics had a negative reaction to the blurred impression of the scene.
- This portrayal of Parisian life was innovative and imposing, a sign of Renoir’s artistic ambition. -Depicts a group of Renoir's friends relaxing on a balcony at the Maison Fournaise along the Seine in Chatou, France.
- They are dining on fruit and wine and enjoying a beautiful summer's day. Scenes such as characteristic of Renoir.
-The diagonal railing demarcates the two halves of the composition- one densely packed, the other empty save for two figures.
- Captures light- coming from the large opening in the balcony and reflected by the table cloth and background figures.