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Section Two: To be: It, There and The Simple Past of To Be

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Dalal Altayari

on 25 January 2016

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Transcript of Section Two: To be: It, There and The Simple Past of To Be

Note
Section Two: To be: It, There and The Simple Past of To Be
Objectives:
1- It to talk about weather.
2- It to talk about the time and the date.
3- Questions with when, what day and what time( Preposition of time)
4- Statement with there+to be
5- Questions with there+to be
6_ The conjunctions and, but and or.
7- The Simple past of to be.
It to talk about weather.
Questions with when, what day and what time. Preposition of time
We use when or what for questions about time.
There is/There are
There
means that the sentence subject is
in or at a place.

Ex:
There is
a book
on
the disk.
(singular)
There

are
books
on
the disk
(plural)

We use
any
before nouns in the plural, both in yes/no questions and negatives
Are there
any
cookies on the table?
It's Sunny
It's Stormy
It's rainy
It's Snowy
It's Windy
What's the temperature today?

It's 90 degree Fahrenheit/ 32 degree centigrade
Exercise:
It to tell the time and the date
What time is it?
It's eleven minutes past ten
We Use it and the singular form of the verb to be to talk about time, including days, dates, months and years (“it’s one o’clock”, “it’s half past four”)
We can express the time in different ways:
2.15: It’s two fifteen.
It’s a quarter past two.

We say the date using an ordinal number and the month is always written with a capital letter.
14th July: (British English) the fourteenth of July
July 14th: (US English) July fourteenth

To say the year, the numbers are grouped in pairs.
1986: nineteen eighty-six
1820: eighteen twenty

After the year 2000
2005: two thousand and five

To express punctuality we use phrases like “sharp” or “on the dot”: seven o’clock sharp.
a.m. = ante meridiem (before middy)
p.m. = post meridiem (between middy and midnight)

Exercises
When we talk about time we usually use the preposition in, on or at.
We use in for parts of the day and with months, seasons and years
We use on with dates and days.
We use at for times of the day and for the expression at night
We use from........to.... for the start and finish of something
in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
in July in August in the spring in 1987

on Monday on Tuesday on Sunday morning
on May 12th on the 12th of May

at 2 o'clock
at 2:15
at night
from 9 to 10
from 7:30 to 11:15
Exercises
Negative
Affirmative
Questions with there is/are
Let's Practice
Conjunctions
Conjunction is a word that joins parts of a sentence together.
and
is used to show an additional information. It can also be used in series:
She is smart and she tops the class.
She is smart and beautiful.
but
But is used to show contrast, the opposite of what was expected:
I want to come, but I can't.
She is beautiful but she doesn't have a good character.
Or
Or is used when giving options:
Would you like a cat or a dog?
I'll make spaghetti or soup for the party.
Exercises
To Be
Questions
"To be" has the easiest verb conjugation ever!
Even in the past!
Affirmative
I was
He was
She was
It was

You were
We were
They were
singular
plural
I was
an engineer before studying dentistry.
He was
dancing next to that girl last night.
She was
enjoying her time in Canada very much.
It was
already late to travel.

You were
invited to come to the show.
We were
working on a new project.
They were
very sad to hear that.
to be
to study
to dance
to enjoy
to travel
to invite
to come
to work
to hear
Please, remember that you NEED to know "verb to be" by heart!!
Note
I am/ was
You are/ were
He is/ was
She is/ was
It is/ was
We are/ were
You are/ were
They are/ were
The basic structure
Important:
The contracted form is very usual too.
In the past you can only mix "to be" with "not".
I wasn't
You weren't
He wasn't
She wasn't
It wasn't
You weren't
We weren't
They weren't
Mary
was not joking at you!
The teacher
was not taking cooking classes.
That student
was not very sleepy in the classroom.
"Click"
was not the best movie ever.

You and your cousin
were not the main actors of the movie.
My father and I
were not just playing chess.
John and Alfred
were not the ones who worked with me.
Important:
Also remember
that subjects can change.
Was

I
a good boy the whole year?
Were

you
at home yesterday?
Was

Lula
the president of Brazil?
Was

Carol
studying or sleeping?!
Was

the weather
sunny over there?

Were

you
paying attention?
Were

we
going to see you?
Were

they
in love for one another?
Easier than before! Just invert
the verb and the subject!
Don't forget the
question mark!
(weather) to be sunny
to pay attention
to see
to be in love
Important:
It's also possible to form negative questions with "to be"!
They serve to confirm information you think it's right, as in Portuguese!
Wasn't

I
a good boy the whole year?
Weren't

you
at home yesterday?
Wasn't

Lula
the president of Brazil?
Wasn't

Carol
studying math?
Wasn't

the weather
sunny over there?

Weren't

you
paying attention?
Weren't

we
going to see him?
Weren't

they
in love for one another?
7
8
9
Negative
I was
not
joking at you!
He was
not
taking cooking classes.
She was
not
very sleepy in the classroom.
It was
not
the best movie ever!

You were
not

the main actors of the movie.
We were
not

just playing chess.
They were
not

the ones who worked with me.
Only add "not" after the verb. Even easier!
to joke
to take
to play
to work
Full transcript