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S.S. 6S-Greece-Clarissa Madrigal, Giana Hubler, and Lauren Sique
Transcript of S.S. 6S-Greece-Clarissa Madrigal, Giana Hubler, and Lauren Sique
Standard 6.4.4. Explain the significance of Greek Mythology to the everyday life of people in the region of Greece By: Clarissa Madrigal, Giana Hubler, and Lauren Sique
Greeks lived in colonies and small city-states that were far apart from each other, but they were brought together with their religion, art, and traditional stories. Greeks believed in many gods and deities, so they were polytheists. The Greeks believed in Gods that looked like humans, but they each had their own special job.
Who was the ruler of all gods?
Zeus was the ruler.
The Greek Sacrifices
What side of Greece was Mount Olympus on?
Hart,Diane. California. Prentice Hall: Ancient Civilizations. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006
Why was Greek Mythology important to Greek's everyday life?
The Greeks believed that the gods controlled many aspects of the Greeks lives. They also believed that they had to please all of them to continue to have fortunate days. If you wanted to have good rain and little damage from floods and storms, you would make sacrifices to the god/gods who controlled the weather. Typically, each city-state had a temple built and dedicated for its favorite gods/deities. Here, people would make offerings and sacrifices. Offerings included gold, cakes, wine, and bulls.
Homer wrote the two great epic poems,
. Homer's stories were based on true events such as the Trojans fighting the Mycenaean Greeks. Homer's epics cast back how the Greeks believed that the Gods controlled most of their lives.
"Of all creatures that breathe and walk on the earth there is nothing more helpless than a man....
For he thinks that he will never suffer misfortune in future days, while the gods grant him courage, and his knees have spring in them. But when the blessed gods bring sad days upon him, against his will he must suffer it with enduring spirit." -Homer,
Gods & Goddesses
Zeus: The supreme ruler of all Greek gods
Lord of sky God of weather, law, order, fate and rain
Poseidon: God of the Ocean
Also known as Tamer of Horses or Father of Horses
Standard 6.4.4 Explain the significance of Greek Mythology to the everyday life of people in the region By: Clarissa Madrigal, Giana Hubler, and Lauren Sique
Hades: God of the Underworld and Death
Athena: Goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts, literature, war and wisdom
Hera: Queen of all Greek gods (Wife of Zeus)
Goddess of marriage, childbirth and women
Ares: God of war, battle lust, civil rights and manly courage
Festivals to Honor the Gods
The greeks made many sacrifices to the gods. The Greeks honored the Gods by having festivals. Poets, musicians, and play writers played their best songs, recited their best poems, and performed their best plays. They also had games. Athletic contests were also usually part of a religious festival. The athletic features often shown were boxing, wrestling, and running and throwing the javelin and/or the discus. Chariots and horses were raced. The most famous athletic contests were named the Olympics. The Olympic games were annual games to honor Zeus. At Olympia (the venue that the games were held), a 13 meter statue of Zeus. Every four years, the winners of the games were gifted a wreath of leaves. Winners often were given other things from cities, too.
Aphrodite: God of love and beauty
Demeter: Goddess of harvest, agriculture and planned society
Artemis: Twin of Apollo (was a skilled hunter)
Goddess of childbirth, the moon, hunting, and wilderness
The Ancient Greeks
Chicago:Heinemann Library, 1997
Greek Mythology in Everyday Life
Greek Mythology effected the Greek's everyday life, because the Greeks had festivals, games, and sacred places to honor the Gods that controlled their everyday life.
Apollo: Twin of Artemis
God of medicine, healing, prophecy, poetry, music, archery
dance, colonization, intellectual inquiry, plague,
light, and the Sun
The Greeks used Mythology to explain the world around them, since they had no Veda or Bible. Mythology was in stories that told why things are the way they are. Sometimes they would even talk about heroes, such as Hercules. Overall, the mythology that the Greeks believed in effected the Greeks lives in so many ways.
In a religious center in Mount Parnassus, a Delphic oracle told people predictions about what would happen in their future. People traveled all over the world just to here their predictions. The oracle was one part of the Greek's belief in Mythology.