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Chicago Style

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Ashley Clarkson

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Chicago Style

plus primary & secondary source guide Chicago & APA Style
How -to Guide Footnotes One author
Footnote = Quick Method Ctl + Alt + F

1. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99–100.
2. Ibid, Page #. (If source is the same)


Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Two Authors

Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.

Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

Lattimore, Richmond, ed. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951. Book Article in a print journal

1. Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 440.
2. Ibid, 452–53.


Weinstein, Joshua I. “The Market in Plato’s Republic.” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 439–58.

Article from a print journal online you add the date you accessed it so

Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 440. (Accessed, Date) Journal Article Website

“McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts,” McDonald’s Corporation, accessed July 19, 2008, <http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html>.

Add in when the website was last modified if available


McDonald’s Corporation. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19, 2008.<http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html>. Websites Alphabetical order by authors last name
Double Spaced
Format Special Indentation: Hanging Bibliography Primary vs.
Secondary Sources Primary sources are the first hand accounts, these are really the building blocks of the past. Primary sources are created at the time of an event or shortly following. These sources have not be analyzed or used critically, they are at their purest form. All of the following can be considered primary sources:

Oral Histories
Magazines/advertisements (if analyzing a specific time period they become a primary source of that period)
Published first-hand accounts, or stories Primary Sources Second-hand testimony or ideas which were created after the primary sources and normally use the primary sources as a basis for their discussion. Theses sources form a critical opinion and analysis on any given topic. The authors tend to insert their own personal standpoint and biases into the source unlike a primary document. All of the following can be secondary sources:

History textbooks
Mostly all textbooks
Biographies not written by the key figure
Movies analyzing historical events Secondary Sources IBID- For all repeated citations APA STYLE WEBSITES

If no author is available, begin entry with the title. If no publication date is available, use (n.d.) for "no date".

Author, A. A. (Year, Month day). Title of web page/document. Retrieved from http://URL to specific page BOOKS

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
For location, give city name & and state/province abbreviation. Outside North America, spell out city & country names.

Grenfell, W. T. (1919). A Labrador doctor: The autobiography of Wilfred Thomason Grenfell. Boston, MA: Houghton
Mifflin Company.

Journal Article (print):
For articles with up to and including 7 authors*, include the names of all authors.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages.

Kozma, A., & Stones, M. J. (1983). Re-validation of the Memorial University of Newfoundland scale of happiness.
Canadian Journal on Aging, 2(1), 27-29.

Journal Article (online):
Provide the doi number (Digital Object Identifier).

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. doi:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Fuller, D. (2002). Critical friendships: Reading women's writing communities in Newfoundland. Women's Studies
International Forum, 25(2), 247-260. doi:10.1016/S0277-5395(02)00234-0 Papers Minimum 1 primary source and 4 secondary sources. never rely on Wiki Always have a strong thesis statement that you will back up with evidence. Use the conclusion to wrap up all your ideas, do not introduce new ones.
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