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Methods of torture in the 1700's
Transcript of Methods of torture in the 1700's
Methods of Torture in the 1700's
This was one of the most common methods. It was believed by some that boiling the blood of a Witch would drain her power. St. Augustine declared that
"Heretics, Pagans, and Jews would burn forever in eternal fire unless saved by the Catholic Church."
So, partially because of this statement, the burning at the stake was introduced to give the victim a taste of what was coming. The burning of a Witch was a great public affair. The execution took place just after the trial. In Scotland, a Witch burning was followed by solemn preaching and days of fasting (Powelle 1).
Another means of torture designed to make the accuser talk, but made it impossible for them to talk, much less breathe. Called “pressing,” the subject is placed beneath heavy stones, meant to literally crush you into submission(Thomas 1).
The victim's legs were placed between two planks of wood, which were bound together by cords. Between the planks, they placed wedges covered in metal spikes. The planks were hit with a hammer so that the wedges would squeeze the legs, breaking the bones. This device would cripple the victim and they would die a short time after (Powelle 1).
by: Maria Martinez, Natalie Kitt and Kennedy
The scold’s bridle (also known as branks) was a cage that was locked around a woman’s head as punishment for nagging and gossiping too often. Attached to this iron muzzle was a curb-plate inserted into a woman’s mouth to, literally, subdue her uncontrollable tongue. (listverse 1)
Anderws, Evan. "7 Bizarre Eitch Trial Tests." History . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/7-bizarre-witch-trial-tests>.
"Medieval Torture." Medieval Torture. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2015. <http://www.medievalwarfare.info/torture.htm>.
Powelle, Shantell. "Torture Methods of Witches ." Punishment, Torture and Oredeal . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://www.oocities.org/witchcraft_truth/torture-and-execution.html>.
"The Heretics Fork." The Heretics Fork. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2015.
"Thomas, Ryan. "10 Tests For Guilt at the Salem Witch Trials." ListVerse. N.p., 27 July 2012. Web. 4 May 2015.
"10 Additional Gruesome Torture Devices - Listverse." Listverse. N.p., 17 July 2010. Web. 05 May 2015.
This instrument consisted of two forks
set against each other, one entered the
lower chin and the other against the
upper chest (medieval times 1)
This was considered a way to find out if the accused was truly a Witch. The right thumb was tied to the left toe. The victim was then thrown into a pond or lake. If they floated, it "proved" that they were a Witch, because they must have used the magic to stay afloat. If the victim drowned, it meant they were innocent. However, in this position, the victim was most likely to float. Either way, they were doomed (Powelle 1).
This device, though seemingly simple, is a work of genius (in a cruel and unusual way, of course). A prisoner would place his thumbs between two flat metal pieces, connected by one or more screws. The metal bars had ridges, either smooth bumps or sharp spikes, that would bore into a victim’s thumbs, trapping him into the metal mechanism as his bones were crushed. It was a small torturous device that inflicted extreme pain, without too much effort (Powelle 1).
Pricking and Scratching Test
If witch-hunters struggled to find obvious evidence of “witch’s marks” on a suspect’s body, they might resort to the ghastly practice of “pricking” as a means of sussing it out. Witch-hunting books and instructional pamphlets noted that the marks were insensitive to pain and couldn’t bleed, so examiners used specially designed needles to repeatedly stab and prick at the accused person’s flesh until they discovered a spot that produced the desired results. In England and Scotland, the torture was eventually performed by well-paid professional “prickers,” many of whom were actually con men who used dulled needlepoints to identify fake witch’s marks (Andrews 1).
The Victim was locked in his seat with his back pressed up against a metal rod or hard surface. His neck was the strapped to a wheel with a crank on the back. Then the wheel would be turned slowly so his neck would be crushed eventually suffocating him.
The punishment was adopted by the Anglo-Saxons, and the ancient law of England authorized the penalty. Branding was a method used to mark human flesh. The metal was either heated or frozen to leave a mark. (Medieval Torture)
CHAIR OF TORTURE
This method of torture was used to extract information by having the questioned watch a loved one sit in it. it was a slow and painful way to be tortured.(Medieval Torture)
Some torturers were familiar with a range of drugs that could elicit confessions even when physical torture failed. Medieval monasteries were expert in all kinds of herb, including toxins and hallucinogens. (Medieval Torture)