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Paraphrasing vs. Quoting
Transcript of Paraphrasing vs. Quoting
When to quote
When to paraphrase
How to paraphrase
You should quote...
to show that an authority supports your point
to present a position or argument to critique or comment on
to include especially moving or historically significant language
to present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized
Avoid quoting if...
The passage is long
It includes language you don't understand
You're focused on the idea--the language is unimportant
You can express the idea in fewer words than the original
, like this:
In A Room of One's Own Virginia Woolf writes that "one cannot think well, sleep well, love well, if one has not dined well" (51).
You should paraphrase if..
You're synthesizing an idea
The original is long and includes more detail than you need
The language is not important--you're more interested in the idea
In a research paper, most of your outside sources should be paraphrased, not quoted.
Quoting is used more frequently in literary analysis, where the focus is on the language as well as the ideas.
99.99999% of plagiarism comes from incorrectly paraphrased sources.
Knowing how to paraphrase can help you avoid unintentional plagiarism.
Common paraphrasing errors:
The sources is quoted with no quotation marks
The paraphrase is too close to the original
Some phrases are borrowed, but aren't in quotes
There is no citation following the paraphrase
Read the passage closely
Make sure you understand what it says
Make a note of key ideas
Make a list of key words, and find alternates
Put the passage out of sight.
Using your notes, rewrite the passage.
Not having the passage before your eyes means that you will write in your own words, using sentence structures and language that you are comfortable with.
Adapted from "Acknowledging, Paraphrasing, and Quoting Sources." University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center.
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