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Plastic Shopping Bag Culture

Environmental Justice 2nd Sem 2010-2011
by

pau caspellan

on 15 March 2011

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Transcript of Plastic Shopping Bag Culture

PLASTIC
SHOPPING
BAG
Culture Daily, thoughtless use of plastic bags leads to... - use of 500 billion to 1 trillion
plastic bags worldwide. that's 1 million plastic bags
every minute Yes,every minute. Average family accumulates
60 plastic bags in only 4 trips
to the grocery. So what happens is... 1square mile of ocean =
46,000 pieces of floating
plastic 10% of plastic produced every year
worldwide winds up in the ocean.
70% of which finds its way to the ocean floor, whereit will likely never degrade. death of many marine animals
every year when animals mistake
plastic for food That's a major problem. Plastics don't degrade
in the ocean floor When plastics break down,
they don't biodegrade;
they "photodegrade"
(materials break down to
smaller fragments which readily
soak up toxins). These toxins contaminate
soil, waterways,
and animals upon digestion. Refuse plastic absorbs persistent
organic pollutants like Bisphenol A (BPA) and
polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs). PCBs over short periods of time..
mild liver damage and some died.

Animals that ate smaller amounts of PCBs in food over several weeks or months..
anemia, acne-like skin conditions, liver, stomach, and thyroid gland injuries. And humans can.. ..drown in floods caused
by plastic trash. ..die by eating poisoned fish and other marine animals. WHAT HAVE WE DONE
SO FAR? THE PLASTAX This is a typical plastic
bag counterin Mercury
Drug Stores. Multiply the
number of plastic
bags in this
picture 700 times. Generally:  petrochemicals (chemicals made from petroleum), specifically polyethylene, which consists of long chains of ethylene monomers. Ethylene is derived from natural gas and petroleum. WHAT ARE PLASTIC
BAGS MADE OF? Petrochemicals–are
non-renewable. Plastics have become the 2nd major debris in oceans. a consumption tax on plastic bags March of 2002, Republic of Ireland became
the first country to introduce a plastic
bag fee,or PlasTax. purpose of the fee is to change consumer behavior, not to generate revenue, moving habits from mindless consumption, to reducing and reusing individuals pay a fee of $.15 per plastic bag consumed
at check out. Retailers save money since they only
have to stock a smaller quantity of bags Designed to rein in their rampant consumption of 1.2 billion
plastic shopping bags per year, the tax resulted in a
90% drop in consumption, and approximately 1 billion
fewer bags were consumed annually Washington D.C.too PLASTIC BAN China
Australia
India
Bangladesh
California (some cities) PHILIPPINE
EFFORTS 3 House Bills & 1 Senate Bill... HB 127: "An act imposing an excise tax, to be known as Environmental Levy on the use of plastic bags in shops, supermarkets, service stations, stores and/or sales outlets, creating the Environmental Protection Support Fund, and for other purposes.” this bill seeks to discourage the use of plastic bags through imposition of a levy. Funds will be used for environmental protection. HB 783: “An act providing for the phase-out of plastic bags as packing materials of goods sold or disposed by sari-sari stores, market vendors, department stores and similar establishments, prescribing penalties therefore and for other purposes.” this bill seeks to totally phase-out the use of plastic after two years from the passage of the Act (phase-out period). HB 496: “The Plastic Bag Recycling Act of 2010” purpose is to encourage use of reusable bags by consumers and retailers, and to reduce consumption of single-use of bags, and require an “at-store recycling program” for plastic bags SB 1543:An Act
Regulating the Use of Plastic
Grocery Bags phase out period of 2 years

store owners should provide alternative biodegradable bags
Full transcript