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English society during 1600's and 1700's
Transcript of English society during 1600's and 1700's
English society in the 17th century
During the 17th century the population of England and Whales was growing steadily. It grew to 4 million end of 16th century and 5.5 million by end of 17 century. English people grew richer due to increase in trade and commerce. English colonies also improved standard of english people.
In society upper and upper middle class could afford lavish clothing, country houses in fine towns, food from foreign countries. Skilled craftsmen earned good amount of money for their work but people in agriculture suffered a lot and did not get enough for their work.
Life in English society
Knowledge of anatomy improved and doctors began to learn about body fluids. London fire in 1666 protected London from diseases by moving or killing rats away from London. Doctors used to wear clothes with long nose to protect themselves from plague. Average life span was 35 years.
Both boys and girls used to go to infant schools. Boys then go to grammar school and learn different subjects. Upper class girls were taught by the tutors while middle class girls were taught by their mother. women subjects include writing, music and needlework.
Due to England colonizing policy and trade England got rich sources of new fruits and spices. New drinks were introduced like tea and coffee. Poor people cold not afford much so they ate bread cheese and onions.
Christianity was still main religion but Protestant people were found in England and only few roman catholic people lived there. Roman catholic did not have much rights. Protestantism became major religion of England.
London was a major financial center. Areas near London Norwich, Birmingham, Bristol, Glasgow and Edinburgh were major regions for textile production and metal manufacturing.
English colonies in 17th century
Starched collars called ruffs were wore by men. They also wore stockings and boots. they wore linen shirts and jackets known as doublets with cape on top.
Women used to wore linen garments called shift. Over it they wore long dresses. Dress was in two parts bodice and skirts. Sometimes they wore two skirts. Upper skirt was gathered and reveals under skirt.
Typical 17th century men clothing
Women Clothing in 17th century
English school in 17th century
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Clothes worn by people in England during 17th century were different from what we wear today but many clothes we wear today came from that time.
-Life in English society