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History of Hip Hop Culture

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Jenny Branham

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of History of Hip Hop Culture


DJ Kool Herc

- Hip Hop culture started within a marginalized subculture in the south Bronx amoung black and latino youth during the early 1970s

- DJ Kool Herc is credited as being the "Father of Hip Hop".
- He was one of the first major DJ's
- He used turntables to create rhythmical beats by "looping breaks" of two records.
- Kool Herc and early hip hop culture was heavily influenced by disco, funk, soul music, and rhythm and blues.
- Later accompanied by "rap", or rythmical chanting or poetry. (MCing or Emceein)

4 Elements of Hip Hop Culture
MC, Rap (language)
Bboy or Bgirl (dance)
D.J (music)
Graffiti (art)

* Anti-Gang function: peace, love, wisdom and understanding*

- The emergence of hip hop culture was a huge wave of positivity for the Bronx community.. These people were a part of something that kept them out of trouble while allowing them to express themselves through art. The next generation was also kept busy and out of the typical gang lifestyle, as all the first bboys/bgirls were kids! Most under the age of 14.

- Word soon spread about this new "Hip Hop" culture phenomenon, and everyone wanted a piece of it.
- NOT the same as hip hop culture . . . started years later
- started in the 80s after "hip hop" music and culture became popular. (NYC)
- Social/Party dance steps, and the "groove" or bounce form the foundation.
- The main movement is the down groove, done on the down beat. (Funk styles are on the upbeat).
- Originally done as freestyle. Later, also became choreographed.

- Key figures: Buddha Stretch (1st hip hop choreographer)
- 1st to teach hip hop in a mainstream dance studio.

Hip Hop street styles
History of Hip Hop Culture
- Started in New York City in the early 1970s (1973)

- In the "Boogie down Bronx", 1520 Sedgwick Ave

- The Bronx was known as a ghetto.
(poverty, drugs, crime, gangs, etc)

Block Parties
- Kool Herc would set up his turntables, amps, speakers and have huge weekly house parties.

- These were positive events where people would come to listen to music, dance, emcee, and have a good time with the community.

- It became so big that he had to move the parties outside, so they become "Block Parties".

- Herc mixed samples of existing records with shouts outs to the crowd and dancers.

- This is also where bboying and bgirling was created.
Afrika Bambaata
- Also a DJ. who preached peace, love, wisdom and understanding.

- Known as the "Godfather" of hip hop and credited for naming the culture of "hip hop"

- Created the Zulu nation (later became one of the first bboy crews, "The Zulu Kings")

- He also outlined the pillars of Hip Hop culture.
Breaking, B-Boying, B-girling
- original dance form of hip hop culture
- Started in NYC, 70s
- dancing to the "breaks" in the records of disco and funk songs.
- Kids "invented" breaking on the streets and at block parties.
- Gained popularity and spread across the world by the movie "Flash Dance" in 1983
- Still the biggest form of street dance in the world today
- Key figures: Rock Steady Crew, Ken Swift, and crazy legs.

- The following are all considered to be under the umbrella of hip hop dance. However, originally they were not part of hip hop.
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