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Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
by

Amy Harbour

on 7 August 2013

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Transcript of Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
He
She
Everybody
What is a pronoun?
The pronoun is a word that replaces the noun, or
antecedent
, of a sentence.
anyone
anybody
everyone
someone
somebody
no one
nobody
Let's break it down!
Pronouns must agree with their antecedent in:
number
gender
person
We
It
they
Examples:
Now that we know what pronouns are, let's learn the rules that go along with them
Pronouns must agree in number
Singular Pronouns
another
anybody
anyone
anything
each
either
everybody
everyone
everything
neither
nobody
no one
one
somebody
someone
Everyone must wear
his
or
her
shoes
to homecoming
Ex:
Plural Pronouns
both few many several
Ex: Many students prefer to attend homecoming with a group of
their
close friends
These indefinite pronouns can be plural or singular
all
any
half
more
most
part
some
Ex: Some
students
like to stay home and read classic novels rather than attend homecoming.
Or and nor
When two singular antecedents are joined by
or
or
nor
, use a singular pronoun
Ex: Neither Billy nor Joe can decide who
he
will ask to homecoming
And
Antecedents joined by
and
require a plural pronoun
because they form a compound subject
Ex: Jack and Jill have decided to go to
their
school's homecoming separately
or, either/or, and neither/nor
When both a singular and a plural antecedent are joined by
or
,
either/or
, or
neither/nor
, the pronoun agrees with the closer antecedent.
Ex: Neither the teachers nor the principal will take
his
turn monitoring the hallways during the dance
Collective nouns
A collective noun names a whole group.
(team, class, marching band)
When a collective noun is the antecedent, use a singular pronoun when referring to the entire group; use a plural noun to emphasize individual members.
Ex: The football team has been perfecting
its
strategy
Ex: The nominees were handed
their
sashes during the ceremony.
Pronouns must agree in gender
Masculine Antecedents
He
His
Him
Ex: Mark's mother cheered for
him
during the game
Feminine Antcedents
She
Her
Hers
Ex: Yvonne cheered for the team
until
she
lost her voice
Neutral
It
Its
These are neutral but can never refer to people
To avoid sexist language, use
his
or
her
when
referring to an antecedent that can include males or females
Ex: Students try not to trod on
his or her
date's feet.
Pronouns must agree in person
3rd person
Most indefinite pronouns are 3rd person, and require 3rd person pronouns
Ex:
Everyone
should arrive at
his or her
home soon.
Ex: I hope the
students
drive to
their
destinations safely
Review!
Add the appropriate pronouns
1. The whole school came out to support ______ team.
2. Everyone should pay attention to _______ date.
3. Neither Billy nor Joel will cheer on _____ team
4. Each standleader gave ______ appreciation to Stacy's mom
for her hard work in making their megaphones.
Full transcript