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The Battle of Shiloh

By: Morgan Swanson & Liz Emery
by

Morgan Swanson

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of The Battle of Shiloh

With the reinforcements from Buell and Lew Wallace, Grant launches a ambitious attack on the Confederates in his former camps
Beauregard is caught completely off guard
It takes the Rebels two hours to recover & make a stand By: Morgan Swanson & Liz Emery Union Confederates Union Confederates General
P. G. T.
Beauregard Background Gen. William
Tecumseh
Sherman Gen. Don Buell General Albert
Sidney Johnston Confederate Forces Army of Mississippi Union Forces The Battle of Shiloh Army of
West
Tennessee 49,000
Men had 18,000 men (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Grant's Army had just taken
Fort Henry
Fort Donelson
'Unconditional Surrender' Grant
Had moved into Pittsburg Landing
Take control of Upper Mississppi
Confederates determined to prevent that
Rough Weather
Grant had a broken ankle April 6
Early Morning Confederates launched a surprise attack at 6 a.m.
Despite Beauregard's concerns
Union caught completely off guard
Inexperienced troops fled
More experienced troops had to fall back to create a defensive line
Sherman rode up and down the lines trying to rally his troops
shot in hand, then sustained two more minor injuries
had three horses shot out from under him
Union had to continuously fall back The Hornet's Nest
Wallace & Prentiss establish defenses on a sunken road
Surprise attack on the south
Confederates launched infantry charges
General Bragg
8 to 14 separate charges
Union held their lines
At 2:30, Johnston got hit in the leg with a bullet
died shortly after
highest ranking officer killed in the war
Put Beauregard in charge
Didn't really know what was going on
Beauregard continues attack on Hornet's nest
Rebels surrounded Union with artillery fire
Prentiss captured, Wallace killed Late Day
April 6 Union
establishes a line around Pittsburgh Landing
50 cannon defense
Gunboats USS Lexington and USS Tyler
Grant knew he was in good shape because...
Got reinforcements from Buell and Lew Wallace
Had the high ground
Confederates
In the Union's old camps
Planned on finishing the Union off in the morning
Had no idea the Union had gotten reinforcements
Hadn't bothered to set up defensive lines April 7 Bloody Pond Water Oaks Pond
Beauregard launches counterattacks
Very Deadly
Takes a small amount of land back for a little bit
Rebels have to fall back
Begin an orderly withdrawal to Cornith Experienced soldiers
Rifled muskets
Superior Numbers
Better natural defense
Brush undercover
Flooding of the streams
Objective- Get control of the Upper Mississippi River Valley Union Confederates Surprise
Preparation
Their own soil
Old weapons
Objective-Keep the North out of the South General
Ulysses S.
Grant 45,000 men Had 18,000 men Shiloh Only a few bad roads
Heavy woods
Ravines & Swamps
Heavy rains on April 4
North had to deal with
Unfamiliar terrain
Inexperienced army on the move
Gave the South a chance to launch an effective surprise attack
A lot of Grant's troops were camped around a small log church called Shiloh
Hebrew for "Place of Peace" AFTERMATH Grant allowed them to retreat
Buell was absolutely furious
Grant said the men were exhausted and needed to rest & regroup
Confederates-10,700 casualties
Union-13,000 casualties
More than the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, and Mexican-American war combined
Including 2 generals
Johnston (Confederates)
W.H.L. Wallace (Union)
The Union achieved a very costly victory
Gave the Union control of the Upper Mississippi
Vital to the Anaconda Plan People blamed Grant
Accused him of being drunk on the job
Calls for Grant to be removed
Lincoln said, "I can't spare this man- he fights"
Grant put back in second-in-command position
Grant's reputation eventually restored
Sherman becomes a hero
Buell is given a lot of credit for the victory in the north Works Cited Major Turning Point The Soldiers When the Dust Settled... When the Tide turned
We have had another day of battle and blood. The fight was renewed this morning at eight o'clock by the enemy, who had been reinforced during the night; and with the exception of short breathing spells, it raged with tremendous violence and fury until night separated the combatants. The apprehensions expressed in my letter of last night have been realized. Buell did come up this morning, and with him came large reinforcements. But I am anticipating the events of the day. Let me resume the narrative where my last letter left it, and rehearse the varying fortunes of the day in the order of their occurrence. This is necessary to a proper understanding of the battle; and until this general sketch or outline is drawn, it will be impossible to enter into those minor details which constitute an interesting feature in the picture. Night alone prevented us from reaping the fruits of our brilliant victory of yesterday. It was quite dark when we chased the foe back to Pittsburg Landing, where he sought protection from his gunboats and river works. Had Beauregard possessed the power of Joshua to command the sun to stand still in the heavens for the space of an hour our victory would have been as complete as that of the great Hebrew warrior. As it was, we expected to be able to capture so much of the Federal army this morning as could not be transferred to the other bank of the river last night, unless large reinforcements should come to their relief. A Confederate Infantry Soldier Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup. For we are the conquerors, and they are whipped and disheartened.... We are flushed with victory and they are disheartened by defeat, they were too confident on last Sunday evening a week ago, when Beauregard telegraphed home that this was a second Manassas [Bull Run], that the Yankees fought with stubbornness, and with the bravery of despair, but the southern blood was too much for them, and that the Federals were completely whipped, in the next morning, he would take and kill the whole of the Federal forces.... [Confederate] General Beauregard is an able General, or he would not have caught us in the way he did before. I can't help admiring him as a military man, though I do wish someone had been lucky enough to shoot him. However Sidney A. Johnston [sic], who was the Commander in Chief was killed, and I have stood over his body.... I have rode over this field and through the dead...when the stench was so intolerable that my company, and old soldiers at that, had to throw their dinners all overboard, and that on horseback too....I had human bodies for my landmarks from Monday till Friday night, and by that time they were so bloated that you could hardly tell what they were, and Union men at that...literally torn all to pieces, heads gone and bodies cut right in two.... Union Infantry Soldier "American Civil War .com." American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://americancivilwar.com/>.

"Civil War Battle of Shiloh." Civil War Battle of Shiloh. HistoryAnimated.com, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.civilwaranimated.com/ShilohAnimation.html>.

Civil War Photos. Digital image. CivilWarPhotos.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.civilwarphotos.net/>.

"Civil War Soldiers Letters and Diaries Archive." Civil War Soldiers Letters and Diaries Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.soldierstudies.org/index.php?action=article_03>.

"Civil War Trust." Battle of Shiloh. History Channel, 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/shiloh/maps/shilohmap2.html>.

Foote, Shelby. "Fredericksburg to Meridian." Shelby Foote, the Civil War: A Narrative. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life, 1999. N. pag. Print.

Nichols, Roy F. From Sumter to Shiloh. New York: Castle, 1956. Print.

Pierce, Edgar. "Letter from Union Soldier Describing the Battle of Shiloh." Letter from Union Soldier Describing the Battle of Shiloh. Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://archives.nbclearn.com/portal/site/k-12/flatview?cuecard=32834>. From Both Sides
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