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Transcript of Buddhism
Paulina Vela The Origins of Buddhism born with a wise man’s prediction of success
rejected the great luxuries he had in life
felt discontent with his wealthy, married life
saw the Four Passing Sights of Life
this led to his search for the end of human suffering
The Period of Inquiry: for six years after leaving his home, he searched for the answers to end human suffering through deep meditation in self-imposed seclusion
became a Buddha, an Enlightened One, after experiencing an extraordinary moment of insight, called the Great Renunciation, under a large tree, now called the Bodhi tree, after meditation
from the age of 80, he traveled and shared his insights
he died in 483 BCE
ultimately, due to his missionaries, Buddhism spread throughout Southeast Asia, China, Japan, and Korea Siddhartha Gautama Principal Teaching of Buddhism The Four Noble Truths dukkha: suffering, anxiety, dissatisfaction, craving
1. The truth of dukkha.
-the nature of suffering
2. The truth of the origin of dukkha.
-where suffering comes from
3. The truth of the cessation of dukkha.
-being free from suffering
4. The truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha.
-how to be free from suffering The Path to Duhhka: The Eightfold Path Right view
Right concentration Types of Buddhism Buddhist Texts Pali Tipitaka (or Pali Canon)
-most complete early Buddhist canon
-taken literally only by Theravada Buddhists
-contains disciplinary rules and discourses in three parts
-Vinaya Pitaka: rules for monks and nuns
-Sutta Pitaka: general discourses
-Abhidhamma Pitaka: philosophy, psychology, metaphysics, etc
-main text followed by Mahayana Buddhists
-approximately 600 sutras
-all attributed to the Buddha or one of his close disciples
-written in Sanskrit Buddhist Holidays The Middle Way non-extremism
no self-indulgence or self-mortification
things do not either exist or not exist
all dualities apparent in the world are false
lack of inherent existence The Four Immeasurables Thank you! Buddha's Birthday Buddha is believed to have been born, have reached enlightenment, and have died on the same day of the year
this day is celebrated on the first full moon of May
celebrated differently in each Buddhist country, but generally people practice generosity, meditate, visit monasteries, and listen to sermons from monks and nuns Sri Lanka Japan Burma/
Myanmar Nepal Buddhists illuminate their homes brightly Buddhists make replicas of shrines with spring flowers, placing small Buddha idols on them Buddhists gather at the two great stupas, Swayambhunath and Bouddhnath, mound-like structures with Buddhist relics used for meditation Buddhists water and care for Bodhi trees, the type of tree under which Buddha attained enlightenment A Crippled Man A Sick Man A Decaying Corpse A Holy Man A Symbol of Birth A Symbol of Death A Symbol of Old Age A Symbol of Sickness means "the School of the Elders"
38% of Buddhists
older than other surviving types of Buddhism
the predominant religion of Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand Theravada Buddhism largest type today with 56% of Buddhists
means "the Great Vehicle"
also refers to the path of seeking complete enlightenment for the benefit of all sentient beings
also called Eastern Buddhism
practiced in China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, parts of Russia and most of Vietnam Mahayana Buddhism third largest type of Buddhism with 6% of Buddhists
also known as Tantric Buddhism or Esoteric Buddhism
sometimes called the Diamond Way or Thunderbolt Way
first appeared in the 8th century
belief in the Third Turning of the Wheel Vajrayana Buddhism Practices compassion joy love equanimity may all beings have happiness and its causes may all beings be free of suffering and its causes may all beings never be separated from bliss without suffering may all beings be free of bias, attachment, and anger •What is the purpose of life?
•What is the right way to live?
•What happens when we die? Cultural Impact of Buddhism Flashback Origins:
- Buddhism has a profound belief in the influence of a single individual who lived among the people.
-Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Guatama, an Indian prince.
-Buddha made it clear that he was a pathfinder not a God.
-The Four Noble Truths
-Life is suffering
-Origin of suffering is attachment
-Cessation of suffering is attainable
-The path to the cessation of suffering
-The Eighth Fold Path
Cultural Expressions of Buddhism:
-The Use of Silence
Buddhist Notions about Death
-Buddha believed one could not be happy in this life nor create good Karma without understanding the reality of impermanence. McDaniel, Edwin R., Porter, Richard E., Samovar, Larry A., Roy, Carolyn S., Communication between cultures. 8th. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print.
Gascoigne, Bamber. “History of Buddhism” HistoryWorld. From 2001, ongoing. Web. http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab77#1944
GNU Free Documentation License. “The Three Main Branches of Buddhism” Important.ca Religion and Spiritual Beliefs Resource, 2005. Web. http://www.important.ca/buddhism.html
Buddhist studies: Buddha Dharma Education Association & Buddhanet. “Spread of Buddhism in Asia.” BDEA/BuddhaNet. 1996-2013. Web. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/spread.htm
Buddhist studies: Buddha Dharma Education Association & Buddhanet. “Statistics on Buddhists.” BDEA/ BuddhaNet. 2008- ongoing. Web. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/bstats_b.htm
Buddhist studies: Buddha Dharma Education Association & Buddhanet. “The Buddhist World.” BDEA Inc. & BuddhaNet. 2008- ongoing. Web. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/schools1.htm
"Buddha Jayanti (Vesak)." Lumbini Nepalese Buddha Dharma Society. N.p.. Web. 9 Feb 2013. <http://www.lumbini.org.uk/bd_jayanti.html>.
“Buddhism: An Introduction.” PBS. 9 Feb 2013. Web. 9 Feb 2013.
“Buddhism.” The Big View. 6 Jan 2013. Web. 9 Feb 2013. Bibliography Meditation Samatha (tranquility)
-Its purpose is to concentrate and still the mind.
-Involves an object of concentration (kammatthana) like for example recollections of Buddha’s sayings, virtues, repulsive things, etc.
-Its purpose is the realization of important truths. These truths are needed in order for Buddhists to gain liberation.
-Centers around notion of mindfulness, which refers to not only concentrate on something, but rather comprehend it and observe it carefully. Mahayana Theravada Vajrayana Buddhist Beliefs in Karma and Nirvana Law of Karma: states that wholesome actions lead to wholesome states while unwholesome actions lead to unwholesome states, individually as well as collectively
Rebirth: the process of being born many times in different situations
Six separate planes into which any living being can be reborn -- three fortunate realms (demigods, gods, men) and three unfortunate realms (animals, ghosts, and hell)
Nirvana: the supreme state free from suffering and individual existence