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Cologne Cathedral

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on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral By: Joseph Sasso Introduction The Cologne Cathedral is a Roman Catholic Church in Cologne, Germany dating back to 1880. The church is now one of Germany's most popular tourist sites. It's also the third tallest church in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. (UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.) Construction The construction of the church commenced in 1248 and in 1473 building was stopped because people lost interest, leaving it unfinished. People restarted working on it in the 19th Century and was completed to the original plan, in 1880. The reason for the construction dated back to 1164 when the Archbishop of Cologne had acquired the relics of the Three Kings. The relics had great religious meaning so it was important that they be properly kept and so construction of the Cologne Cathedral began. Architecture The Cologne Cathedral is the fifth tallest church in the world and was the tallest till 1884. The Church today measures in 144.5 meters (474 ft.) long, 86.5m (284 ft.) wide and its towers are approximately 157m (515 ft.) tall. The design of the Cathedral was based mostly off of the Amiens Cathedral in France. The Cathedral is in the shape of a Latin cross like most other Gothic churches. Tourism World War II and Post-war History The cathedral was aerial bombed by seventy hits during World War II. It did not collapse but stood tall in a destroyed city surrounding it. The great twin spires are said to have been used as an easily recognizable landmark by Allied aircraft raiding- which may be a reason that the cathedral was not destroyed. It has been claimed that in June 1945 American troops used the cathedral as a rifle range The Cologne Cathedral is Germany's most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day. In 2001, there were five million visitors, in 2004, there were six million visitors. Pope Benedict XVI also visited the cathedral in 2005. Treasures The most celebrated work of art in the cathedral is the Shrine of the Three Kings, created by Nicholas of Verdun in 1190. It is traditionally believed to hold the remains of the Three Wise Men, whose relics were acquired by Frederick Barbarossa at the conquest of Milan in 1164. The shrine is in the shape of a Basilican church and made of bronze and silver. The shrine was opened in 1864 and was found to contain bones and garments. Conclusion The Cologne Cathedral is thought to be one of the most beautiful structures, with amazingly detailed architecture and a very interesting past, which people travel to from all over the world. Bibliography http://www.hillmanwonders.com/z_location_map/germany/map_cologne_cathedral.gif Location of Cologne Cathedral: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Cologne_Cathedral.jpg Picture of Cologne Cathedral: Cologne Cathedral under construction: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Rheinpanorama_1856_detail_Dom.jpg Map of Cologne Cathedral: http://www.planetware.com/i/map/D/cologne-cathedral-map.jpg Picture of Cologne Cathedral in WWII: http://www.sacred-destinations.com/germany/cologne-cathedral-photos/wwii-bombing-cc-gordonr.jpg
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