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Olaudah Equiano Virtual Museum Display
Transcript of Olaudah Equiano Virtual Museum Display
The slaves were distributed to various colonies, and were seen as personal property. Owners bought and sold slaves as commodities. Slavery has been apart of civilization for a large amount of time. The abolition of slavery has only occurred very recently compared to the time that slavery was practiced. llegal slavery can still be seen today in some parts of the world.
A market operated with the sale of slaves, raw materials and manufactured goods which took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th to the 19th centuries. This was known as the...
. Atlantic Slave Trade Africans were forced from their native tribes by other Africans and sold to the white men. They were then taken to the coast. Triangular Trade Africans, which were then considered as slaves, where forced on boats and where shipped to other colonies to be traded for manufactured goods. SLAVES MATERIALS Slaves were shipped to the Americas using boats. Journeys lasted around 2 months, where some slaves perished. Materials such as sugar, tobacco and cotton where grown in the Americas using slaves, and then shipped to Europe. South America North America Caribbean 5% 41% 48% Slaves that arrived here worked
on plantation farms. Most of these slaves worked in Brazil. Slaves in the Caribbean worked on sugar plantation, on ships and as craftsmen. Not many slaves were brought to North America. The slaves that were brought here worked on docks and sugar plantation. Europe Materials arrive and are processed in Europe. Slaves are rarely sent here. Olaudah Equiano Olaudah Equiano was a prominent African who was involved in the British movement for the abolition of slave trade. Olaudah was enslaved a a child, but purchased his freedom and then worked as an author, merchant and explorer in the United Kingdom, South America and American Colonies.
Olaudah was born in 1745 and died on the 31st of March 1797, aged 51. He was known for his influence over British Abolitionists. This is his story... Olaudah was born in 1785 to the Igbo tribe, in a region which is now known as Nigeria. He was the youngest in his family, and had five brothers and a younger sister. The Map on the left includes European names for parts of the West African coast where people were captured and held for the slave trade. It was made in 1644 by Willem Janszoon Blaeu. Olaudah was born here These shackles were used to restrict the slaves movement. The were placed around the slaves neck, wrist and legs. Large Bruising and damage occured to the skin, because these shackles had to be kept for a vast period of time. Olaudah and his sister was kidnapped when he was eleven and sold to native slaveholders. He was taken to the coast and held by European slave traders to be transported with 244 other enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to Barbados in the West Indies. From there Olaudah and a few others were soon transferred to the British colony of Virginia. The image on the left is a plan of a Liverpool slave ship. The drawing's decks are riddled with figures which represent the slaves. The plan shows about 450 people, and as you can see, there was little room to move about. The large number of people in a small confined space created extremely unpleasant conditions, and an environment where disease was passed easily. It is obvious why approximately 15% of slaves died before reaching their destination.
Olaudah Equiano most likely travelled to Barbados in one of these ships, with limited nutrition and food. This is an advertisement off he sale of people from Gambia at Charleston, South Carolina.
When Equaino arrived at Barbados, a similar poster would of been issued. "They did not have so much room as a man in his coffin" - a charge delivered to the grand juries of the Circuit Court Above is a slave release document, where the slaves could purchase their freedom. Oladuah would of recieved a similar
document as he was granted his
freedom in 1765. The King promised that for his purchase price of forty pounds, the slave could buy his freedom. King taught him to read and write more fluently, guided him along the path of religion, and allowed Equiano to engage in profitable trading on his own, as well as on his master's behalf. Equiano travelled to
London to pioneer an abolitionist movement. Equiano was supported by
many other abolitionists, many of whom encouraged him to write and publish his life story.
The autobiography goes on to describe how Equiano's adventures brought him to London, where he married into English society and became a leading abolitionist. Equiano's book became his most lasting contribution to the abolitionist movement, as it vividly demonstrated the humanity of Africans as much as the inhumanity of slavery.