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The Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, A

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Micha Lopez

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of The Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, A

Statement of the Problem
Chapter 1
The Problem and Its Background
Introduction
Mangrove forests are home to a large variety of fish, crab, shrimp, and mollusk species. The forests also serve as nurseries for many fish species, including coral reef fish. Given the diversity of life inhabiting mangrove systems, and their proximity in many cases to other tourist attractions such as coral reefs and sandy beaches, it is perhaps surprising that only a few countries have started to tap into the tourism potential of their mangrove forests.
Background of the Study
Aklan encompasses the northwestern portion of Panay Island and nearby Boracay Island, both situated within the Visayas island group and having an estimated land area of 181, 789 hectares.Kalibo is the capital of the province of Aklan. The province is composed of 17 municipalities, the largest in land area being Libacao, and the smallest, Lezo. Each municipality maintains a municipal government whose seat is the poblacion. It has 327 barangays. The total number of the population of Aklan as of the year 2000 is 451,314. The Aklanons primarily speak Akeanon.
Scope and Limitations
The main inquiry of the study is to determine The Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Aklan as a Tourist Destination.
1. What are the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:
1.1 Age 1.5 Educational Attainment
1.2 Gender 1.6 Religion
1.3 Income 1.7 Occupation
1.4 Civil Status 1.8 Citizenship

2. What are the factors that affect Bakhawan Eco-Park as a tourist destination in terms of:
2.1 Location
2.2 Price
2.3 Facilities
2.4 Transportation
2.5 Safety
2.6 Services
3. Is there any significance between the demographic profiles to the factors affecting the tourist destination?
4. What are the problems encountered by the tourists of Kalibo, Aklan?
5. What are the best solutions to keep Bakhawan Eco-Park as one of the tourist destinations in Aklan?

Objectives of the Study
Objectives of the Study
1. To know the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:
1.1 Age 1.5 Educational Attainment
1.2 Gender 1.6 Religion
1.3 Income 1.7 Occupation
1.4 Civil Status 1.8 Citizenship
2. To determine the factors that affect Bakhawan Eco-Park as a tourist destination in terms of:
2.1 Location 2.4 Transportation
2.2 Price 2.5 Safety
2.3 Facilities 2.6 Services
3. To collaborate the significance between the demographic profiles to the factors affecting the tourist destination?
4. To define are the problems encountered by the tourists of Kalibo, Aklan?

5. To elaborate the best solutions to keep Bakhawan Eco-Park as one of the tourist destinations in Aklan?



The study assessed to the Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, Aklan as a Tourist Destination. This includes the factors affecting Kalibo, Aklan as a tourist destination but the researchers limit the study to a specific tourist attraction, in order to define on how it affects the tourism impact of the place. Bakhawan Eco-Park was chosen because only few countries tap into the tourism potential of their mangrove forests and researchers want to study how mangrove park can affect tourism industry. The researchers formulated the scope and limitations of this thesis to identify the boundaries of this study.
Mangroves in Queensland inhabit a diverse range of coastal and estuarine environments, notably present in around 18% of the 13,347 km coastline. Climatic conditions vary widely reflecting the 18 degree spread of latitude covered by the state. Regional climates are characterized by warm to hot monsoonal summers that can at times be quite dry, and sometimes very wet.
Hypothesis
Ho: There is no significance between the demographic profiles to the factors affecting tourist destination.
The Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, Aklan as a Tourist Destination
Bakhawan Eco-Park
CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES AND LITERATURE
Our study focuses on the Level of Effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, Aklan as a tourist destination; we must first define the meaning of mangroves. Mangrove is a type of forest growing along tidal mudflats and along shallow water areas extending inland along rivers, streams and their tributaries where the water is generally brackish. The mangrove ecosystem is dominated by mangrove trees as the primary producer interacting with associated aquatic fauna, social and physical factors of the coastal environment.
Foreign Literature
Local Literature
According to the Presidential Proclamation Number 2152, the entire province of Palawan and certain parcels of the public domain and/or parts of the country were declared as Mangrove Swamp Forest Reserves.
Mangrove forests can be found in almost all shorelines in Palawan. In the latest publication of the PCSD State of the Environment Report, it indicated that from out of the province’s total land area of 1.485 million hectares, about 58,400 hectares of that is covered by mangroves and is considered the highest in the country.

Local Studies
The study was undertaken to assess the monthly litter fall production of mixed mangrove species in Davila, Pasuquin, Ilocos Norte from May 2000 to April 2001. Litter collection was done monthly from May 2000 to April 2001. Fresh litter from each tray were put into paper bags, properly labeled and dried at 70oC in the oven for one week before final weight measurements were made. One kg composite soil samples, collected at the start and end of the study, were analyzed at the Department of Agriculture Regional Soils Laboratory (DARSL).

Litter fall production is strongly correlated with rainfall and relative humidity with coefficient values of 0.6503 and 0.6369, respectively. This implies that the higher the rainfall, the higher is the litter fall.
CHAPTER III
RESEARCH METHOLODOLOGY
RESEARCH METHOD
The researcher will utilize a descriptive research method of research wherein the principal aim in employing this method is to describe and interpret the data collected.
In this study, it intends to determine the level of effectiveness of Bakhawan Eco-Park in Kalibo, Aklan as a tourist destination. Since the present study will be concerned on the current status of the ecotourism in Bakhawan Eco-Park, the descriptive research method is the most appropriate method to be use.
DATA GATHERING PROCEDURES
The questionnaire is the primary source of all data in order to solve the main inquiry of the study. However a series of interview to the local tourists and selected respondents were also gathered to inquire important information needed to generate a valid and reliable questionnaire.
A draft of the questionnaire will be submitted to the thesis adviser for approval as well as to the expert tourism professional together with the prepared letter of consent to seek permission for the pre-testing and implementation of the questionnaire.
After the approval of the questionnaire it was be personally administered to the respondents for almost two weeks.
Respondents of the Study
The total number of the respondents in Bakhawan Eco-Park is 75. The researchers will use the Sloven’s formula in order to shorten the number of sample size. Likewise, setting of respondents criteria will also be realize such as the following:
1. The respondents should be present in times when the researchers went to the specific tourism destination to answer the survey questionnaire.
2. The respondents should be familiarize to the subject matter investigated. He must be qualified to the criteria set by the researchers (ex. Income Level, Age, Local Tourists)
3. Lists all criteria’s

Sampling Design
The researcher use the stratified, cluster and random sampling to give an equal chance to answer all the respondents of the study. A Sloven’s formula will be use for sampling such as:


n
N = ----------------------------
1 + n (e)2



Where:
N = sample size
‘n = population
1 = constant
‘e = margin of error
2 = squared
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