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The Concept of Tattoo machines
Transcript of The Concept of Tattoo machines
Tattooing can be traced as far back as ancient Egypt and China (Also onto Polynesia and Japan) History Early Tattoos were used to symbolize certain things in their culture and to make everyone unique. The first origins discovered of tattoos date back to circa 3300 BC. "OTZI", the iceman, found in the Italian Alps, with what was first thought to be scars.
Early tribal tattoos were made with sticks and sharp points. The artist had to repeatedly insert these little points into the skin to create lines. this was a very time consuming and painful method. The First tattoo machine was created in 1891 by Samuel O'Reilly it was inspired by Edison's creation. He came up with the idea to have a electric tattoo machine that included a pen gun and an ink reservoir to create more faster "tattaugraphs." The rotary type electromagnetic machine works by using a rotating wheel that is battery powered and connected to a needle at the tip of the pen like shaft that moves it back and fourth. There is also a reservoir for where ink is held inside the tip. this was the first design for the "Rotary" Tattoo machines. What sparked it all? Created by Thomas Edison it is an electric pen tool designed to create manuscript stencils for manifold copies. powered by a wet cell battery, which was wired to an electric motor mounted on top of a pen-like shaft. The motor drove a reciprocating needle which can go up to 50 punctures per second, or 3,000 per minute. Users were instructed to place the stencil on firm blotting paper, on a flat surface. This was done to make copies quickly
. Charlie Wagner's Redesign In 1904 Charlie Wagner improved the tattoo machine design. Included electromagnets parallel to the artist's hand. These began to closely resemble modern Tattoo machines today and it allowed for quick changing of needle bar and needle carrier (for changing between liner and shader needles). Tip of device had an ink chamber so ink can be externally added and a plate spring to regulate ink flow and to keep the needle steady. Included mechanism onto the armature bar (bar connected to needles that is pulled by electromagnets)that adjusts the impact of the needle (which is now referred to as the contact screw in modern machines) Percy Waters' redesign
In 1929 Percy Waters introduced the L style frame and twin electromagnets placed parallel to the users hand. by this time "clip cords" were in use. Clip cords made it so artists wont have to worry about damaging wires to machines and can use one cord for multiple machines. Waters' machine distributed ink the same way as Wagners machine but instead used a thin but strong piece of metal in order to add tension to the armature bar (generally adjusts needle impact) but still with the use of a "contact screw". Device was started by a finger switch at the front of machine and still included ink reservoir within the hand piece.
Modern Day Tattoo Machine This is the modern day tattoo model, even though some artists still prefer to use a rotary style machine; new style models have also been created but this is the more traditional tattoo machine used in the industry today.
how does it work?
clip cord connected to back binding post from the power supply starts the electric current
electricity is passed through back binding post
contact screw acts as a "starter" without this there is no electricity
contact screw touches spring located on armature bar to complete the circuit
power goes to the capacitor which then creates a magnetic field, which then pulls the armature bar closer to capacitors repeatedly
armature bar is connected to needle so it then moves the needles up and down through the needle tubes.
as needles move it carries ink from the reservoirs in the shaft or the "tube" of the machine. Bibliography "HIstory of the Electronic Tattoo Machine" http://www.imperialtattoosupply.com/The-History-of-the-Electric-Tattoo-Machine_b_3.html "History of Tattooing"
http://mcgrathtattoos.yolasite.com/the-history-of-tattoos.php "Clip Cord" http://www.tattooarchive.com/tattoo_history/clip_cord.html "Retro and Traditional tattoos"