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Transcript of Han China
Ellie Polk & Brianna Anders
The Han empire ruled over most of China with the exception of most of Manchuria and some south-western provinces.
The capital was Ch'ang-an, and later became Luoyang.
The Ancient Han People
Descendents of the Huaxia (or 'civilized Xia people')
Had a complex hierarchy beginning with the Emperor and ending with slaves.
Had a 20 rank system that young men could climb in order to earn a better salary.
The Emperor was the most important person, and a descendent of the first Han emperor, Emperor Gaozu.
The Empress Dowager, or the widow of the previous Emperor was second important.
Followed by the Empress and the Imperial Concubines.
The first Dynasty to embrace Confucianism.
In the 1st Century C.E. Buddhism was brought to China. It and Taoism became rather important in Han China.
Men whose reproductive organs were removed at an early age. (Often before puberty)
Were often the 'keepers' of the Imperial Concubines, or the Emperor's chamberlains.
Often stereotyped as power-hungry and corrupt.
Notable Eunuchs include Sun Cheng, Cai Lun, Sima Qian, Zheng Zhong, and Zuo Feng.
Clothing was different from class to class.
Wealthy families could afford silk and high quality fur.
Poorer people had only itchy cloth and ferret fur, with very little ornamentation.
Staple crops were wheat, rice, beans and millet.
Also ate many fruits and vegetables.
Meats included camels, dogs, cows, ducks, turtles, and more.
Dogs were domesticated for meat and for hunting purposes.
Cows, Chickens, Camels, Pigs, Ducks, geese, and sheep were all domesticated in Han China.
Invented negative numbers.
Were the first civilization to make paper.
Also utilized bamboo scrolls.
Used Bronze and iron for weapons and tools.
Science, Technology, and Mathematics
Han Dynasty and Education
Education was very important.
Private and Public schools existed.
Education was needed to secure a good job in a public office.