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Ethnic Conflict in Quebec (French Canada)

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Ivy Ly

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Ethnic Conflict in Quebec (French Canada)

AP Human Geography (Period 1)
By Hector Hernandez, Amy Huynh, Ivy Ly, Alex Phan
Ethnic Conflict
More About the Conflict
Current Status
The ethnic groups that were involved in this conflict were the English and French Canadians.

The French Canadian's were causing violent activities because they wanted separation from Canada.

This has impacted the country because it caused many citizens to want to move away from the violent activities.

Quebec vs Canada
of Quebec and Canada
Ethnic Conflict in Quebec (French Canada)
World Map
Regional Map
Country Map
Quebec is located on the eastern part of Canada.
Root of Conflict
The English in Quebec held economic power and excluded the French. But the French were still expected to know English.

In 1982, Quebec did not approve of Canada’s new adopted constitution because they were afraid that it would be swallowed up in a more centralized Canada.

of Quebec
More than 82% of the population were affected by the violent activities.

Everyone was scared of the attacks from the FLQ terrorist group. Many people demanded the separation of Québec from Canada.
Violent activities occurred when people demanded separation from Canada. The Front de Liberation Du Quebec, a terrorist group, and Parti Québécois (P.Q), legitimized the desire for separation. No longer had the separatists have to hide and act as an underground organization. Their cause became legitimate and the violence of conflict decreased.
What is being done about the issue?
The provincial government of Quebec promised that they would accept the 1982 constitution if the accord was approved by all the rest of the provinces. Apparently, the anger on either side has cooled in the last two years.
The conflict does not present a definite global scale in this conflict.

This conflict presents itself at a regional scale by French having to be the only main language on signs in the region of Quebec.
(Compromise obtained in 1977)

This conflict presents itself at a local scale because as of 1977, French parents can only enroll their children in French Schools.
( Part of Bill 101.)

Global, Regional,and Local Scale
Top 6 largest ethnic groups in Quebec:

Canadien / Canadian 4,474,115 60.1%
French 2,151,655 28.8%
Irish 406,085 5.5%
Italian 299,655 4.0%
English 245,155 3.3%
North American Indian 219,815 3.0%
How did the conflict arise?
New constitution in 1982 (for freedom of language in education in Canada)
The Charlottetown Accord (1992)
-was a package of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada, proposed by the Canadian federal and provincial governments.
Parti Québécois was elected in 1976
-a provincial political party in the province of Quebec in Canada
Bill 101, was passed on August 26, 1977
What was the ethnic conflict about?
Major/notable events connected to this conflict
French Canadians desired to be recognized as one of the founding nations of Canada.
Québec's disapproval of the Constitution Act caused the federal government to pursue the Meech Lake Accord, which was designed to increase the power of the provinces. It also recognize Québec as a "distinct society" within Canada. The Charlottetown Accord (1992), was also created. However, neither of these were ratified because it was overwhelmingly rejected in a national vote.


Canada is dominated by English and French cultures, but Quebec is the only place in Canada where language is French.
People in Quebec were forced to learn English, so they felt that they are losing their identity.
Canada has a bigger extension of land. Even the French has control for many properties out of Quebec, but also the natives are claiming their lands.
English and French are looking for special benefits because they considered themselves “different," which is becoming a battle field even inside of their regional governments.
How is this issue viewed in the region and in the world?
People view this issue as violent and unacceptable, which they will not tolerate.
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