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What is Epistrophe and Anaphora?

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on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of What is Epistrophe and Anaphora?

What is Epistrophe and Anaphora?
Epistrophe?
A rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses.
Anaphora?
A grammatical term for the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer back to another word or phrase.
WHAT DID I JUST READ?
An EPISTROPHE is just repetition of a phrase/point you're trying to get across ending with a clause.

ex:"Don't you ever talk about my friends! You don't know any of my friends. You don't look at any of my friends. And you certainly wouldn't condescend to speak to any of my friends."
(Judd Nelson as John Bender in The Breakfast Club, 1865)
While an ANAPHORA is like an EPISTROPHE, its repetition is at the beginning of a clause.

ex: Give praise with the rasp and sizzle of crickets,
katydids and cicadas,
Give praise with hum of bees,
Give praise with the little peepers who live near water.
(A List of Praises by Anne Porter)
HOW CAN YOU USE IT WHEN WRITING?
When you want to use EPISTROPHE in your writing, it is best used when trying to make a point or putting emphasis. It has been shown that EPISTROPHE is in the writing style of 3 sentences, but depending on what your writing about it varies.

ex:"There is no Negro problem. There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem."
Lyndon B. Johnson in "We Shall Overcome"
When you want to use an ANAPHORA it's also best when trying to put emphasis. Unlike EPISTROPHE, mostly having a fixed number of times of use, an ANAPHORA can be used as many times as needed.

ex:"In time the savage bull sustains the yoke,
In time all haggard hawks will stoop to lure,
In time small wedges cleave the hardest oak,
In time the flint is pierced with softest shower."
— Thomas Kyd, The Spanish Tragedy, I, vi. 3
Epistrophe and Anaphora
How can I use it in my writing?
What's the Effect?......
These devices put emphasis on certain sections of the
sentence. The tool gives your writing more emotion and
helps get your point across to the reader.
Ex. A Tale of Two Cities by
Charles Dickens,
"It was the best of times,
it was the worst of times..." is
an example of both epistrophe
and anaphora.
Examples......
Epistrophe:“Selfishness is not living as one wishes to live. It is asking others to live as one wishes to live” – Robert Macauley
"The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come" - Nelson Mandela
Anaphora:"Anaphora will repeat an opening phrase or word;
Anaphora will pour it into a mould (absurd)!
Anaphora will cast each subsequent opening;
Anaphora will last until it's tiring."
(John Hollander, Rhyme's Reason: A Guide to English Verse. Yale Univ.
http://www.speaklikeapro.co.uk/What_is_antistrophe.htm
THE END
The end is now. The end is here.


By Naponi Jurkin and Carolyn O'Brien
Full transcript