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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Dance was very important to the ancient Greeks. They believed that dance improved both physical and emotional health.
Men and women wore linen in the summer and wool in the winter. The ancient Greeks could buy cloth and clothes in the agora, the marketplace, but that was expensive.
Both men and women enjoyed using mirrors and hairbrushes.
In ancient Athens, the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare citizens for both peace and war.
Slaves were very important to the ancient Greek way of life. Slaves cleaned and cooked, worked in the fields, factories, shops, in the mines, and on ships.
- First of the great Greek Philosophers. He is considered by many to be the founder of Western philosophy.
- He is considered one of the great mathematicians and scientists in history.
- A historian who chronicled the Persian Wars, Herodotus is often called the Father of History.
The Persians came three times, and fought three huge battles - Marathon, Thermopylae, and Salamis. Each time the Persians were convinced they could easily conquer the Greeks.
Each time, the Greeks drove them away.
They kept goats, for milk and cheese. In the plains, where the soil was more rich, they also grew wheat to make bread. Fish, seafood, and home-made wine were very popular food items.
One important invent of the ancient greece was the catapult that was invented by Dionisio de Siracusa that was created in the year 400 B.C.
These were called city-states or polis.
The features cities were:
Agora: public square.
Acropolis: upper town.
Monarchy: Ruled by a king. One city-state whose government was a monarchy was Corinth.
Oligarchy: Ruled by a small group. One city-state whose government was an oligarchy was Sparta.
Democracy: Ruled by the citizens, voting in an assembly. One city-state whose government experimented for about a hundred years with democracy was Athens.
Here there are some of the gifts the ancient Greeks gave to the world:
Trial by Jury
Tragedy and Comedy
Ancient Greece was located in the area of current Greece in the southeast of Europe. It consisted of Athens (blue), Troy (green), Macedon (orange) and Sparta (red).
The Olympic Games were held in Olympia every four years. Various state cities of ancient Greece participated.
The Ancient Greeks were the first Europeans to read and write with an Alphabet, which eventually led to all modern European languages.
The Ancient Greek Language has different theories of origin; firstly some believe it migrated with the Proto-Greek speakers into the Greek Peninsula, dating from 2500BC to 1700 BC. Second theory considers the migration into Greece happened before Proto-Greek, so the characteristics of Greek sounds were later.
Ancient Greece started in 1200 BC and finished in 146 BC when Romans conquered Greece.
Some of the best philosophers, mathematicians, physicists and some writers date from Ancient Greece. For example Socrates, Plato, Aristotle (philosophers), Thales of Miletus, Pythagoras (mathematicians), Archimides (physicist), Aesop, Homer (writers).
Ancient Greece wasn´t a country, it was formed by city states, but they spoke the same language and had the same culture. Sometimes they fought against each other and sometimes they gathered together to fight against Persians (Peloponnesians wars), Romans, etcetera.
Important facts can be: The war of Troya ,the olimpic games and the medical war.
The fist medical war ocurred at the battle of marathon in the year 490 B.C
The formation of the cites
The formation of the cities was in the century 5 B.C
The Parthenon: it was builded from 432 to 447 B.C. And dedicated to the goddess Athena.
The theater of Epidauro was builded in the century 7 B.C.and it was dedicated to the medical god Asclepio.
The mausoleo of halicarnaso was builded in the year 350 to 353 b.c. and it is dedicated in halicarnaso for Mausolo that is a satrap of Persa empire.
Thank you for your attention!
Films about Ancient Greece
Hercules the legend begins
The 300 Spartans
Jason and the Argonauts
Helen of Troy
Alexander Fortune Favors the Bold