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New Student Inro: Studying at SPL
Transcript of New Student Inro: Studying at SPL
How does it reflect the ‘lifeworlds’ of the language users depicted? What influence does the language have on the way we make sense of the text?
How does it affect our view or interpretation of the individuals/group that is depicted?
How does the ‘represented’ language affect actual usage? What choices are made in the way language is depicted?
What part does the language play in text production?
What are the practices and conventions that affect text production?
How does audience design fit into the picture? Joe Trotta
GU/SPL/English Standard vs Dialect, Style & Register Taken together, ‘play’ and ‘game’ constitute a powerful linguistic icon. Every game in the social universe has its clearly defined rules of play. Conceptualizing reality and life as a game is a framework that fixes things, puts structure and system in place, gives one the comfort of order in a random, disorderly world... (Smitherman 2006: 68) Prescriptive vs
Descriptive Grammar (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
A B C D E
Standard..|...|...|....|.....|..Nonstandard (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr ... because it is the 'language' that makes it possible for us to talk about language; it offers a window into the human mind and into our amazingly complex mental capacity. Knowledge about how language works is central to knowing what it is to be human. University? “Grammar is the business of taking a language to pieces, to see how it works.” (David Crystal) Grammar, then, seeks to make clear the systems, tendencies, ‘rules’ or underlying principles that describe the structure of language. ... because grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves. The more we are aware of how it works, the more we can monitor the meaning and effectiveness of the way we and others use language. It can help foster precision, detect ambiguity, and exploit the richness of expression available in English. (David Crystal) Why study Start where you are. Read the books and be prepared. Having a positive attitude helps. The hungry dog has eaten my homework. Sentence Noun Phrase Verb Phrase Noun Phrase my homework The hungry dog has eaten Subject Verb Object article adjective noun aux. verb main verb pronoun noun Knowing the mechanics of language, along with the literature and cultural references of English speaking countries, helps us to improve our critical thinking skills and also communicate more effectively and with more authority. Knowing about and understanding the basic questions of language and literature enhances our knowledge of ourselves and others; such knowledge is (or should be) part of our intellectual foundation as educated people. Ask questions! Manage your time well. What to think comments Men alla kan ju It also involves knowing how elements are related to each other and how this affects grammatical choices, e.g subject-verb agreement, pronoun choice, tense, etc. Cf. 'I ain't tellin nobody nothin.' Grammar is the systematic description of a language. It involves understanding conceptual units (e.g. word classes, phrase types, etc.) and how those units are expanded, combined & organized into larger structures. English A-Level Intro Friday, Jan. 18, 2013 An introduction to Studying English at University in general and SPL in particular Non-standard Language High School:
Classes generally have no more than 30 to 35 students. University:
Some classes may number 50 students or more. Class size
In High School, your time is usually structured by others. At University, you manage your own time. Personal Freedom In contrast, at university level, even for the introductory classes, the content is dynamic - the instructor will use a text, but it often provides a loose framework or guide to the content, or, more bluntly, it is a crutch for students to lean on. Structure At least from our perspective, the high school curriculum is very structured, there is a fixed text that more-or-less completely defines the content for the exams; the students typically study to the exams, not to learn the material, and the teaching rarely goes beyond the structured curriculum. Structure
in High School:
at University: Testing Studying in High School You need to study at least 2 to 3 hours outside of class for each hour in class. Studying High School Teachers University Lecturers/Profs Class content typically goes beyond the book, or may sometimes even contradict the book. In many classes there is an implicit expectation that the students read beyond the text and search out broader, deeper and contradictory sources, preferably at their own initiative. are trained in specific teaching methods
write information on the board to be copied in your notes
may remind you of assignments and due dates
provide you with information you missed when you were absent
often lead you through the thinking process employ different teaching styles
may not follow textbooks
may lecture nonstop
expect you to follow the course syllabus, which gives details on assignments and what is expected of you
expect you to take notes & get any notes for missed classes
expect you to relate the material presented in class with reading assignments vs. Studying at University You may be given reading and writing assignments which may not be directly addressed in class. You need to review class notes and text material regularly. ‘Homework’ and reading assignments are often to be prepared BEFORE the class meeting. Homework is often viewed as a ‘follow-up’ to class discussions The amount of time studying is comparable to the time spent in class. Me fail English? That's unpossible! Mastery is the ability to respond with the same information presented in class and in roughly the same format. Testing may be frequent and may cover only small amounts of material. Mastery is often seen as the ability to apply what you've learned to new situations or to problem-solving. Testing is usually infrequent and may be cumulative, covering large amounts of material. Most courses have only one final test. You may be asked to synthesize the information in several sources. mean to study does it grammar at What High School vs. University & language Taken together, ‘play’ and ‘game’ constitute a powerful linguistic icon. Every game in the social universe has its clearly defined rules of play. Conceptualizing reality and life as a game is a framework that fixes things, puts structure and system in place, gives one the comfort of order in a random, disorderly world... (Smitherman 2006: 68) Theory vs. Practice The hungry dog has eaten my homework Thanks for your attention -
Good luck in your studies at SPL! an Example about... (I just want to speak/write better English!) Final eller hur? engelska, (but one thing at a time!)