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Unit 7 Fitness testing for sport and exercise

BTEC level 3 fitness testing
by

Miss Watson

on 29 June 2016

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Transcript of Unit 7 Fitness testing for sport and exercise

Fitness Testing
How Fit Are You?
Pre-test Procedures
Health Screening Questionnaires
Health screening questionnaires are needed to collect information regarding an individual's current physical activity levels, dietary habits and lifestyle.

They include questions on:

Physical activity history
Current physical activity levels
Injuries
Personal training goals
Alcohol consumption
Smoking
Stress levels
Dietary habits

The aim of the health screening
questionnaire is to identify any conditions that might
worsen with exercise. It is important that the completed
questionnaires are kept in a secure place for reasons
of confidentiality, and that they can be accessed only
by authorised people looking to find details about the
client’s medical history.
In pairs discuss:

What personal details are needed from the clients for a health screening questionnaire?

What topics should the health screening questionnaire need to include.
Informed Consent Form
Informed consent acts as documented evidence that shows you have provided the individual with all the necessary information to undertake the tests.

The individual being tested will need to complete an informed consent to confirm that they:
Are able to follow the test method.
Know exactly what is required of them during the tests.
Have fully consented to their participant in the fitness tests.

Equipment
Prior to testing , equipment should be checked carefully.

It is essential that you calibrate any equipment (adjusting if necessary).

If equipment isn't correctly calibrated it could lead to inaccurate (invalid) results.
Justification of Fitness Tests

Grading
Criteria
Unit 7 Assignment 3
Assignment Title
: How Fit Are You?
Backgroud:
This assignment will require you to justify and administer six different fitness tests. In addition you will interpret and analyse results to provide future recommendations.
Pass Criteria
P5:
Select and safely administer six different fitness tests for a selected individual recording the findings.
P6:
Give feedback to a selected individual, following fitness testing, describing the test results and interpreting their levels of fitness against normative data.
Merit Criteria
M3:
Justify the selection of fitness tests commenting on suitability, reliability, validity and practicality

M4:
Compare the fitness test results to normative data and identify strengths and areas for improvement.


Distinction Criteria
D1
: Analyse the fitness test results and provide recommendations for appropriate future activities or training.


Selecting Fitness Test
Chose six tests from the follow areas:

Sit and Reach (Flexibility/Suppleness)
Vertical Jump (Power)
Bleep Test (Aerobic Endurance)
Speed (35m sprint)
Skin Fold (Body Composition)
1 Minute Sit Up Test (Muscular Endurance)
Handgrip Dynamometer (Strength)
P5 - You must consider the following:
Are the tests related to your/clients sport/ goals / current level of fitness?
Can the tests be completed realistically i.e. can it be done in school, are the facilities available?


M3 - You must justify why you have chosen the particular test, consider the following:
Suitability – Explain how each test relates to you/ your client?
Reliability / Validity – What makes this test a reliable / valid test? (Consider information you have presented in Assignment 1).
Practicality – Consider the range of tests being completed together, equipment needed, facilities needed etc.


Aerobic Endurance: Bleep Test
P5:

This test is suitable for runners and team sports e.g. football, rugby, hockey, netball, long distance runners.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities (sports hall/tarmac) and the required equipment (cones, cd player, bleep test cd, tape measure, recording sheet and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for runners and participants of team sports. It is also suitable for athletes who wish to improve their stamina.

M3 Reliability
:
The reliability of test is high however the error can occur if a runner continues running the test even though they may not of made the markers in time for the beep; so test officials would have to keep a strict close eye for this. In addition as the test is maximal if the athlete has poor motivational levels and does not complete the test to their full ability this will give an inaccurate test result.

M3 Validity:
This test has high validity due to the use of the CD Rom which is standardised throughout the world.

M3 Practicality:
The test is very practical as large groups can be tested at once. In addition results can be compared to normative data which gives an indication if there is room for improvement or not.
Speed: 35m Sprint
P5:

This test is suited to sprinters and team sports e.g. (Football - midfield, Rugby - back, Hockey - midfield, Netball - WA & GA).

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities (tarmac) and the required equipment (cones, tape measure, stopwatch, recording sheet and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for sprinters and specific positions in team sports.

M3 Reliability
:
Timing gates would make the test more reliable however they are costly therefore repeating the test 3 times and taking an average will help eliminate human error.

M3 Validity:
The validity of the test is quite high as a lot of muscle groups are used however if tested outside weather conditions may affect results.

M3 Practicality:
The test is practical as it is quick to administer and limited equipment is required. In addition results can be compared to normative data which gives an indication if there is room for improvement or not.
Power: Vertical Jump
P5:

This test is suitable for a range of sports e.g. shooting in football, drive in golf, vaulting in gymnastics, smash in badminton and getting off the starting blocks in swimming.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities (a wall) and the required equipment (chalk, tape measure and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suited to sports that require explosive power in the quadriceps muscles.


M3 Reliability
:
This test can be made more reliable by using digital equipment (Wingate) however by repeating the test 3 times and taking an average will help eliminate human error.

M3 Validity:
The validity of the test is quite high it measures explosive power of the quadriceps muscles however footwear can effect results.

M3 Practicality:
This test is very practical as large groups can be tested at once and minimal equipment is required. In addition results can be compared to normative data which gives an indication if there is room for improvement or not.
Flexibility: Sit and Reach
P5:

This test is suitable for gymnasts, dancers, footballers, rugby players, hockey players and netball players.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities and the required equipment (sit and reach box and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for various sports. It is also suitable for athletes who wish to improve their flexibility.

M3 Reliability
:
The reliability of the test is dependent on the amount the individual has warmed up. Best results are achieved after a warm up. Repeat the test 3 times.

M3 Validity:
This test may not be completely valid as it only measures hamstring and lower back flexibility. However if you are wanting to measure this type of flexibility (split leap, box splits) this test is very valid.

M3 Practicality:
The test is practical as it is quick to administer and limited equipment is required. In addition results can be compared to normative data which gives an indication if there is room for improvement or not.
Body Composition: Skinfold
P5:

This test is suited to a variety of sports e.g. boxers, swimmers and footballers etc.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities and the required equipment (skinfold calipers and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for a variety of sports people.

M3 Reliability
:
There are more reliable methods used (bod pod, hydostatic weighing) however they are costly.

M3 Validity:
To make the test more valid the tester should repeat 3 times and take an average to help eliminate human error.

M3 Practicality:
For

consistently accurate results a high skill level / lots of practice is required. Results can be compared to normative data.
Strength: Handgrip Dynamometer
P5:

This test is suitable for all sports.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities and the required equipment (handgrip dynamometer and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for various sports and can be conducted anywhere as long as there is a handgrip dynomometer.

M3 Reliability
:
To make sure the test is reliable the dynamometer must be calibrated for each individual to ensure the results are consistent.

M3 Validity:
The validity of this test to measure general strength has been questioned, as the strength of the forearm muscles does not represent the strength of other muscle groups.

M3 Practicality:
The test is practical as it is quick to administer and limited equipment is required. Also individuals can compare their results with normative data which will reflect if improve their strength or not.
Muscular Endurance: 1 Minute Sit-up Test
P5:

This test is suitable for a variety of sports e.g. swimming, running, gymnastics, football, rugby, hockey and netball.

P5:

This test can be conducted in school as the school has adequate facilities and the required equipment (exercise mat, stopwatch and an assistant).
M3 Suitability:

This test is suitable for various sports however it may not suit individuals with orthopedic or health problems.

M3 Reliability
:
The test is reliable as long as the assistant only counts sit up preformed using the correct technique.

M3 Validity:
The test is valid as it isolates the abdominal muscles however as the test is maximal the score will depend on the individuals motivational levels.

M3 Practicality:
Minimal space and equipment is required and several people can be tested at the same time.

Recording Test Results
Test Sequence
Remember:
For effective administration of fitness test you need to be well practiced and very familiar with the test methods.

Being well planed will help you feel more confident delivering the test.

You will need to use normative data tables to interpret results and give feedback.

Results should be interpreted in a valid, effective and appropriate manner.
Recording Test Results
You must use a
data collection sheet
to record all fitness test results.
Remember:

When recording results ensure you use the correct units of measurement.

Use normative data charts to help interpret what the test results mean.
Reasons to terminate a fitness test
Individuals should be closely monitored while they are undertaking fitness tests. Reasons to terminate a test include your client:
Requesting to stop the fitness test.
Reporting chest pain.
Experiencing severe breathlessness or wheezing.
Showing signs of poor circulation e.g. pale, cold clammy skin.
Showing signs of poor circulation, confusion and/or dizziness.
Interpreting fitness test results and providing feedback
Verbal Feedback
Once you have administered six different fitness tests on an individual you will need to provide feedback.

The feedback will be given verbally but must be supported by a written copy of their data results and interpretation of their levels of fitness against normative data

After the feedback has been given allow the client the opportunity to ask questions about your statements or views, and be prepared to justify your reasoning.
In your feedback you must:

P6
- Congratulate your client on their effort levels.
P6
- Give the client an overview of their scores in each of the six selected tests.
P6
- Indicate to your client how this compares to the normative data for participants of their age, gender and sporting level.
M4
- How the results achieved will benefit or detriment their performance in their sport.
M4
- Provide an overview of their strengths and areas that they could potentially improve in.
M4
- Provide the client with a take-away copy of results for their reference.



Written Feedback
D2
: Analyse the fitness test results and provide recommendations for appropriate future activities or training.
Recommendations must be made in accordance to the principles of training (FITT):

Frequency
: The number of training sessions completed over a period of
time, usually per week e.g. 3-5 times per week

Intensity
: How hard an individual will train e.g. reps/sets or % of target heart rate zone.

Time
: How long an individual will train for each session e.g. 30minutes

Type
: How an individual will train by selecting a training method to
improve a specific component of fitness and/or their sports performance. e.g. interval training, fartlek training, weight training, continuous training.


Recommendations
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