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Manifest Destiny

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Shelly Mitchell

on 22 August 2012

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Transcript of Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny The Continent is OURS As more Americans moved westward, people developed beliefs about why the United States should extend westward, which they called Manifest Destiny. In 1811, John Quincy Adams, who later became the sixth President of the United States, wrote: "The whole continent appears to be destined...to be peopled by one nation. What did he mean by that? The term “Manifest Destiny “ was first coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845. ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federative development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth." ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federative development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth." Break it down... And Fur Traders helped set the stage for the massive migrations of settlers to Oregon beginning in the 1840s. But many other factors played roles in the spread of what became known as "Oregon Fever." Problems were multiplying for many midwesterners in the late 1830s and early 1840s. Economic Depression, Bank Failures, Currency Problems, Tightening Credit, Foreclosed Mortgages, Unemployment. Political Struggles caused by Slavery and Free Blacks a growing number simply wanted to walk away from the imperfect world they inhabited in search of a better place Sound Familiar what was the PULL what was the ??? PUSH ??? Missionaries wrote glowing letters to magazines and newspapers and gave lectures and sermons extolling Oregon's virtues. Eager audiences heard of a place that was not so much different as it was better. They were tempted by descriptions of the Willamette Valley that promised a moderate climate, fertile soil, plenty of rain, vast stands of timber, fish virtually jumping out of rivers, a peaceful environment, and a lack of diseases. Oregon's provisional government gave any white male settler the right to claim up to 640 acres of land. Just like
a tree needs the air and earth around it to reach its destiny 1834 a group of missionaries traveled west to the Oregon territory. In the years that followed, many settlers followed. The Oregon Trail began in St. Louis, Missouri and crossed over two thousand miles of plains and mountains, finally ending in the Willamette Valley in Oregon. The journey took four to six months and the travelers faced many hardships for the promise of a better life. The Missionaries Why St.Louis? St. Louis, Missouri was known as the Gateway to the West. It was the most significant settlement and basically the last settlement of any size before heading on the trek westward. The last trace of civilization existed here before entering the great unknown of the west How did they get there? Sarah Cummins (A traveler on the trail): "The traveling was slow and toilsome; slopes were almost impassible for man and beast. As night was coming on, it seemed we all must perish, but weak, faint and starving we went on. I could scarcely put one foot before the another. I weighed less than eighty pounds at the time. My own party had been 14 days with only nine biscuits and four small slices of bacon. " While Manifest Destiny was certainly not the reason people flocked to California during the Gold Rush (people came to California to get rich), it certainly is an important part of the bigger picture of the times. The Mexican-American War and the speed with which California became a state can be attributed to Manifest Destiny. - Our need to own the Continent!
The Oregon and Mormon economies benefited from supplying California miners, such as this man panning for gold, with products such as timber and wheat. 1. Manifest Destiny was :     
A.  An act that spread slavery coast to coast.     
B.  A term used to describe Western Expansion.     
C.  A  term used to describe the revolution of
new technology.     
D.  A term that described the US's Future. In fall of 1848, news of the California gold strike hit the East. The following spring, thousands of gold seekers traveled by overland trails and by ship to the "gold fields." Most of these "forty-niners" had never before left the places where they had grown up. Meanwhile.... http://animoto.com/play/2OauUN2wYVLGh7rkcyjvJA The 49ers Most Oregonians made it to the goldfields before the masses of "49ers" from the east coast. Transporting miners to California became very profitable in the early 1850s. Well, duh! Makes sense that they'd get there first! Louisiana Purchase 1803 1850 1839 1830 1821 1812 California Gold Rush 1849 1831 1819 1804 Louis and Clark Expedition Adams-Onis Treaty
Spanish Cession Trail of Tears 1836 Texas Revolution Texas becomes a State Here's a hint..... Sum it up in 8 words or less..... The USA Needs the whole continent... War of 1812 Manifest Destiny The Continent is ours...
"From Sea to Shining Sea" Why would the Louisiana Purchase
be considered part of Manifest Destiny? Why did Jefferson send Lewis and Clark on their expedition? What part did the War of 1812
play in Manifest Destiny? How did the Adams Onis Treaty affect our quest to own the continent? Who went west on the Trail of Tears? What was the outcome of the Texas Revolution? What part did the Gold Rush play in Manifest Destiny? Which led to... What does the term Manifest Destiny mean? In the 1800s, the young United States of America began to believe that it should own the continent...from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. How did we get to the place where we would believe that? Panic of 1837 Ever heard the term
"GTT"? They were leaving to escape creditors
and to find a new life. Why Texas??? Cheap Land Escaping from debts incurred back east. When Texans became disenchanted with Santa Anna, the dictator of Mexico, they fought for and won independence in 1836 Morman Migration
to Utah 1846 1845 MANIFEST =
clear, obvious,
unmistakable Destiny = fate 1836 Mexico wanted help controlling the Indian population. Oregon Fever....Gone To Texas...Mormon Migration,
And now.... Morman Migration Back East in upstate New York, Joseph Smith had visions which led him to create a new Christian Church -The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ... called Mormons Covered wagons made their way along the 1,300 mile Mormon Trail from Illinois to Utah. The Mormons were a people who felt called by God, chosen to create a New Jerusalem. It was fitting, then, that in order to realize the dream, the Mormons endured a 1,300-mile journey of Biblical proportions. http://www.pbs.org/mormons/peopleevents/e_migration.html Brigham Young emerged as the new leader when Joseph Smith was assassinated in 1844. Over the next two decades more than 60,000 Mormons would journey to the Utah Territory; thousands came by wagon, and thousands more pulled handcarts across the harsh terrain. Many died along the way. "With hard work and determination, the Mormons made the Desert flourish. They planned their towns carefully and built irrigation canals to water their farms. They founded industries so they would be self sufficient." Glenco American Republic textbook 1820s Less than a decade later... Came the He believed that property should be held in common - by the whole group.
He also supported polygamy - the idea that a man could have more than one wife. This angered many people and they had trouble staying in one place for long. Mormon merchants sold supplies to the 49ers who passed through Utah on their way to the gold fields of California. Why did the Mormons
move to Utah? Causes and Effects of
Westward Movement: Causes: Americans accept the
idea of Manifest Destiny The East becomes more crowded
and Americans want more land. Effects: Native Americans are
forced off their lands. The United States
Wars with Mexico The United States extends from
the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. Next week's lesson The West contains furs, lumber,
and precious metals. Louisiana Purchase 1803 Proclamation of 1763 Independence
from Great Britain 1776 Spanish Cession 1819 Statehood of Texas 1845 California Territory
1845 - 1850 Oregon Territory 1840s Migration
to Oregon 1840 Why go to Oregon? Treaty of Ghent - Great Britain agreed to give up claims to the Northwest Territory, and both countries promised to work toward ending the slave trade. Northwest
Territory Trail of Tears
Georgia to Oklahoma Mormon Migration
Illinois to Utah
Full transcript