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The Compromise of 1850 and The Fugative Slave Act

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Sarang Athare

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of The Compromise of 1850 and The Fugative Slave Act

The Compromise of 1850 and The Fugitive Slave Act
By: Sarang Athare and Ife Olaifa
On January 29th, 1850, Senator Henry Clay proposed a compromise that consisted of 5 terms:

1) California would be admitted to the Union as a free state
2) Texas would surrender the land west of the Rio Grande, but, for this, would receive financial compensation of 10 million dollars
3) The territories of New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah would be organized without addressing the issue of slavery, for that matter would later be decided by popular sovereignty,
4) The slave trade would be abolished in the District of Columbia 9Washington)
5) All U.S. citizens would be required to assist in the retrieval of runaway slaves, due to the Fugitive Slave Act.


Who, Where, What, Why, How?
- The compromise helped relieve tensions between the north and south

- The Northerners were baffled by the mandatory Fugitive Slave Act

The Northern Perspective
- Required ALL citizens to participate in the Fugitive Slave Act

- The North and South finally reached a compromise that took 8 months of debating

- Added another free state to the union and slave trade would be abolished in D.C.

- On a scale from 1 to 5, the Compromise of 1850 was a 3 because it was rather a temporary solution towards avoiding the war rather than being a direct cause of the war.
Compromise of 1850 Significance to the Civil War
The Compromise of 1850
TOK Question
To what extent can the Compromise of 1850 be a logical approach in terms of keeping the United States together?
The Fugitive Slave Act
Who, Where, What, Why, How?
The Fugitive Slave Act was passed on September 18th, 1850.
It was one of the most controversial parts of The Compromise of 1850.
The purpose: Southern slave owners capture fugitive slaves who had run away to northern states.
Government officials issued warrants and arrests for runaway slaves.
Any slave that had been captured by an official and claimed to be free was denied the right to a fair trial.
The Northern Perspective
Most slavery abolitionists lived in the Northern part of the United States and were surprised by the fugitive slave Act.
They felt this way because they saw free blacks being taken away to work on a cotton plantation; these were men who could read and write and had never been slaves their entire life.
Before the Fugitive Slave Act was passed abolitionists tried to pass bills that allowed the defendant to testify, but they were unsuccessful.
On a scale from 1 to 5, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was a 5 because it was a political catalyst that led to the outbreak of the civil war.
Drew more attention to the inhumanity of slavery and caused increased tension between the North and the South.
It was significant because it helped to create abolitionists and anti-slavery orators such as Frederick Douglas and Henry Highland Garnet.
This display of cruelty convinced more people of the evils of slavery and made them opposed to the Southern institution of slavery and the Fugitive Slave Act.
These resentments would eventually come to head at Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay, April 12, 1861.
Its Significance to the civil war
TOK Relation to Logic/Reason
Can the Fugitive Slave Act even be explained using logic and reason?

References
http://www.toktalk.net/2009/12/20/linking-questions-history-and-ways-of-knowing/

https://causesofthecivilwar.wikispaces.com/The+Fugitive+Slave+Act+1850

http://www.compromise-of-1850.org/effects-significance/

https://causesofthecivilwar.wikispaces.com/Compromise+of+1850
Full transcript