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Issues In International Law
Transcript of Issues In International Law
What is International Law?
A) Law that occurs Internationally
B) A framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations
C) the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and nations
D) Both B and C Correct Answer: D International Law is comprised of four main sources.
Those sources are formal agreements, customary practics, general principles of law, and judicial decisions and teachings.
These sources are called treaties, conventions, protocals, covenants, or acts.
They contain rules that all signers agree to follow. Although this sounds like a good system it is far from perfect and their are many issues with International law
For example, many nations sign treaties and do not fulfill
Legal Issue Question
Should there be greater punishments for nations that do not ratify treaties after signing?
Legal Issue Answer
Yes, in my opinion nations should be held responsible to ratify the treaties that they sign, and the punishments should be greater for those nations that do not ratify the treaties, conventions, protocols, acts, and covenants they sign. Multiple Choice #2
When and where was the kyoto protocol introduced?
A) December 1997, Japan
B) january 1998, Netherlands
C) november 1999, South Africa
D) october 2000, Canada Correct Answer: A Kyoto Protocol
Was introduced to set binding obligations
on industrialized countries to reduce emissions on greenhouse gases
Although it was adopted in 1997, it was not entered into force until 2005
The united states who are among the world leaders in greenhouse gas emmisions have so far not ratified the protocol and are not being held accountable because all member countries are only required to give general commitments
Correct Answer: B In addition to many countries abusing international treaties, another major problem is that there is very little enforcement in international relations. There is no threat of force, so this basically allows nations to choose if they want to enforce the will of the UN. Multiple Choice #3:
Where is the international Court at the Hague located?
B) The netherlands
D) California The international court at the hague is the worlds governing body over criminal justice and is also referred to as the international court of justice.
Jurisdiction is a very clear issue with the IJC. The key principle is that the IJC only has jurisdiction the basis of consent.
This can be very problematic for the UN to solve international affairs among sovereign states.