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ABC's of the 1930s
Transcript of ABC's of the 1930s
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
The AAA became a federal law of the United States which was meant to limit agricultural production to reduce surplus which would then lead to raising the value of crops.
This took place on October 29, 1929, when the price of stocks suddenly collapsed. Black Tuesday is considered the beginning of the Great Depression and is marked the most catastrophic stock market crash in the history of the United States.
The CCC was President Roosevelt's plan to recruit thousands of unemployed men and enlist them to do national conservation work to relieve unemployment.
The Dust bowl of the 1930s was one of the worst natural disasters that occurred during the 20th century that consisted of a series of droughts and caused millions of people to leave their farms.
This law established by President Roosevelt enabled the Treasury Department to reopen banks that were secure and assist banks that were not in good shape.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt, aka FDR, was the 32nd US president who was a great political leader and served from 1933-1945, leading the US through World War II. He developed the "New Deal" in an attempt to help financially-struggling Americans.
The Great Depression was the worst economic collapse in history. More than a quarter Americans became unemployed.
A Hooverville was a shantytown constructed by homeless and unemployed people during the Great Depression. They were nicknamed "Hoovervilles" because the president of the time, President Hoover, was blamed by many for having been the cause of the disastrous Great Depression.
The Installment Plan was the act of purchasing American goods in which the consumer can pay small amounts for it over time, while enjoying their new merchandise immediately.
John Steinbeck was a successful novelist whose writings focused primarily on social and economic issues.
Ku Klux Klan
The Ku Klux Klan was a Protestant group originated in 1866 in the Southern part of the United States and focused on burning crosses and having marches, lynching and killing many innocent African-Americans and immigrants, Jews, Catholics while also opposing organized labor.
Langston Hughes was a famous poet and novelist whose writings became popular during the 1920s and '30s.
Marcus Garvey was a social activist and is looked upon as the most popular black nationalist leader of the early twentieth century, who spoke for redemption to Africa.
National Recovery Administration
The NRA was established by congress to help revive industry and labor by having representatives of labor, business, and government that would lead to set prices, minimum wages, and maximum hours in industries.
Okies were the nickname given to farm families from the south that left their farms due to the Great Depression and the Dustbowl, and migrated to California.
Public Works Administration
The PWA was another segment of President Roosevelt's "New Deal" created to budget billions of dollars for the construction of public works mainly to provide employment.
The purpose of the Quota Acts was to limit the number of immigrants coming into the United States, and immigration quotas were set for individual countries.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
The RFC provided financial support to governments and developed loans for banks, railroads, and many other businesses.
Social Security Board
The Social Security Board created an Act that would aid many citizens with disabilities, especially if children were involved.
Tennessee Valley Authority
The TVA, founded in 1933, was created to provide flood control, electricity generation, and also built dams across the Tennessee Valley.
Unemployment is the state of not having a job and as a result, not able to provide for one's self or their family. Over a quarter of US citizens were unemployed during the Great Depression.
Veterans - Bonus Army
In honor of all the veterans that have served, during World War I, the Bonus Army was created to fight for the equality of veterans to recieve a cash bonus for their service.
Works Progress Administration
The WPA was an organization for unemployed men who built sidewalks, buildings, and did other public works allover the United States.
Established in 1934, the Security and Exchange Commission, or SEC, was developed to regulate commerce in stocks and bonds.
Young children during the 1930s were now beginning to acquire adult responsibilities at home. Children during this time period were used for child labor.
Zora Neale Hurston
Zora Neale Hurston was an author born in Notasulga, Alabama. She is best known for her novel,
Their Eyes Were Watching God