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Poverty

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Alacia Greenwold

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of Poverty

Poverty
&
Public
Health

http://bcove.me/vxiauara
46
Million
People in the
United States
are in poverty
Merriam-Webster Dictionary
defines poverty as; "The state of
one who lacks a usual or socially
acceptable amount of money or
material possession.
$
Poverty is a social condition
National Public Radio
points out, writings dating
back to the 18th century
show that substance and
belonging define poverty. Those writing said that if a man came into public without a linen shirt
he would be seen as lessor. With gossip occurring assuming he did not have enough

Therefore, if you don't have
enough money to meet social expectations, people think
you are poor, and eventually
you will start believing
that you are poor too.
2014 Poverty line standards
As defined by the US Government
ME,
But I don't
feel like I am
in poverty?
Socially who are you?
I am,
A 21 year old
Student, with a
part time job,
who lives in an
apartment with
her boyfriend &
we split bills.


But socially at my age this is not a problem.

Last year I was financially
below the federal poverty line
Until...

My car needs to go to the shop, I loose my housing, I start having medical concerns, I get in a car accident, or I get pregnant.
At that point society will not help someone like me.
+
+
The bank will not give me a loan to repair my car because I do not
make enough at my
job. I am now left without transportation and do
not life anywhere close to public
transportation

I cannot afford a down payment on a house or a security deposit
and I am unable to save up for a down payment. I am unable to receive a loan
I may end up
homeless.



My employer does not provide health insurance & out of pocket expenses are out of the question.
So I opt out of
getting the
needed care.
The car accident that I was in sent me to the hospital by ambulance & the driver that
caused the accident did not have any insurance. I do not have health insurance. I cannot afford a lawyer to
fight for my justice. I am now thousands of
dollars in debt.

I was born into a low income family &
sexual health education was not
something that I received. I heard about
getting on birth control, but I could not
afford the monthly payments that
went along with it. My partner refused
to wear a condom & told me that pulling
out was effective. As a result of these
circumstances I am now pregnant.
Because I do not have health
insurance paying for doctors
visits and needed prenatal care
will be difficult. This is just
the start of medical
expenses with a baby.
Real Life Poverty & Public Health Concerns
What does real life events
Look Like?
Slipping into Poverty
Each example is an example of life events that may occur
to any individual throughout a life span.

But individuals in poverty
may not have the needed
precautions to account
for life emergencies
like the previous
examples.
Precautions include
Savings Accounts
Job Security
Reliable Transportation
Home Security
Educational Background
Insurance
Social Support
United States Slipping into Poverty
Poverty is a public health issue
Nearly
31 percent of adults who
lived below the poverty line
in 2011 said they had been
diagnosed with depression at some
point, almost twice as high as the rate
for those not in poverty — 15.8 percent.
31%

Those in
Poverty
diagnosed
with
depression
The amount of adults in poverty with
asthma(17.1 percent) or obesity (31.8 percent)
was 6 percentage higher than the amount
of adults not in poverty.
6%
Higher
rates of
asthma &
Depression
Studies also show that diabetes, high
blood pressure, and heart attacks were more
likely to effect those in poverty than those
who are not.
+
Higher
rates of
high blood
pressure &
heart attacks

Smoking was far more prevalent among adults
in poverty, 33 percent of whom said they
were smokers, compared to 19.9 percent
of those that are not in poverty.
33%
Americans living in poverty are
significantly less likely to have access to
basic health necessities that could help
them either treat or prevent numerous
chronic health problems.

Nearly
four in 10
Americans in poverty
lack health insurance

4 -in- 10
they are significantly more likely to be uninsured, to lack a personal doctor, and to lack the money needed
to afford healthcare or medicine.
Uninsured
No Doctor
Financial
Troubles
Need
Medication
Fixing
the health of Americans
in poverty will likely take a
multi-step approach. Getting people
out of poverty is the key, but the journey could
be difficult for those with health problems that aren't being properly addressed.




Educating is key to
helping understand
health care


Getting the necessary
care when needed


Access to resources
that help
treatment payment
By the Numbers
Did you know the life expectancy
of a woman at the TOP of the
income scale can expect to live
an entire decade longer
than a woman of the same age
at the LOWER end?
“Individuals
who are financially
constrained favor
short-term over long-term
benefits when making decisions.
This type of thinking is what
drives a person with persistent
chest pain to self-medicate in
lieu of visiting
a doctor.”


“Because you have
no resources
in reserve,
you can never
plan for the future,
and can only
respond to
the present crisis.”

Robert Sapolsky, Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers
Key Facts about the uninsured
In 2013, prior to the Affordable Care Act starting,
there were 41 million uninsured individuals.

The number of uninsured people increases during
recessionary periods, because people lose their jobs.

61% of uninsured adults said that main reason they
were uninsured was because the cost was too high.

Most uninsured are low-income working families.

The uninsured often face unaffordable medical
bills if they do seek care.

Uninsured are
less likely to
receive any type
of preventive care
for major health
conditions or
chronic diseases.

Diseases go
undiagnosed
for long periods
of time making
treatment less
effective, or
too late.

Those without
insurance face
a “mortal risk”
of death far
greater than
people who
have insurance.

Solutions to Poverty

Kick start job growth

Raise Minimum wage

Increase earned
income tax credit

Work on pay equality

Provide paid leave &
Paid sick leave


work effectively with
individual schedules
Invest in quality affordable
child care and education

Expand Medicare

Push for Justice system
reform

Provide relief

Work on forgiveness
for justice upsets

Link with poverty
programing
Sources
Brown, A. (2012, October 1). With Poverty Comes Depression, More Than Other Illnesses. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from http://www.gallup.com/poll/158417/poverty-comes-depression-illness.aspx

Key Facts about the Uninsured Population. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://kff.org/uninsured/fact-sheet/key-facts-about-the-uninsured-population/#endnote link 131282-46

Kurtzleben, D. (2012, October 30). Americans in poverty at greater risk for chronic health problems. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/americans-in-poverty-at-greater-risk-for-chronic-health-problems

Live Online Event: How does poverty affect health decisions? - TEDMED Blog. (2014, July 1). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://blog.tedmed.com/live-online-event-poverty-affect-health-decisions/

(n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://www.cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/09/18/deaths.health.insurance/

Sapolsky, R. (1998). Why zebras don't get ulcers an updated guide to stress, stress-related diseases, and coping. New York: W.H. Freeman and.

Thomas, L. (2014, June 1). Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: Poor Health. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from http://newsinteractive.post-gazette.com/longform/stories/poorhealth/1/

United States Census Bureau. (2013, September 17). Retrieved April 7, 2015, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/data/incpovhlth/2012/highlights.html

Vallas, R., & Boteach, M. (2014, September 17). The Top 10 Solutions to Cut Poverty and Grow the Middle Class. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/poverty/news/2014/09/17/97287/the-top-10-solutions-to-cut-poverty-and-grow-the-middle-class

Webster. (n.d.). Poverty. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/poverty
Full transcript