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French New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague)

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Shazia Meyn

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of French New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague)

Shazia Meyn French New Wave La Nouvelle Vague - The French New Wave is a style of film that originated in France in the 1950s Overview - Truffaut's film "The 400 Blows" is said to be one of the defining films of the French New Wave. The film touches on several aspects of Truffaut's troubled childhood François Truffaut Les 400 Coups in French (a phrase meaning "to raise hell") The 400 Blows “The 400 Blows.” www.imdb.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“The 400 Blows.” www.rottentomatoes.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“The 400 Blows Review.” Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“Breathless (1960).” www.imdb.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“Breathless (1960).” www.rottentomatoes.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“Breathless Review.” Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“François Truffaut.” www.imdb.com. Accessed 7 October 2012. “François Truffaut.” www.newwavefilm.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“French New Wave.” www.newwavefilm.com. Accessed 6 October 2012.“French New Wave.” Welovefrenchnewwave.blogspot.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“French New Wave.” www.greencine.com. Accessed 7 October 2012.“New Wave’s International Influence and Legacy Today.” Chapter 6, pp 127-140. www.Blackwell Publishing.com. Accessed 7 October 2012. “New Wave.” www.brittanica.com. Accessed 6 October 2012. Bibliography - Before releasing any films, Truffaut wrote nearly 170 film critiques for "Cahiers du Cinema," a French publication created by French filmmakers in 1951 - The movement was inspired by a piece by Alexandre Astruc, "The Birth of a New Avant-Garde: The Camera as Pen" Overview - Several directors are accredited to pioneering this new film style: François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol, Jaques Rivette, and Éric Rohmer - This piece by Astruc implied that films were in the hands of the director, and that directors were now using cinema as a personal form of expression - Like many original genres of art, the New Wave was born in the aftermath of war (World War II) - The Nazis had banned the import of all American Films, so after the war, almost a decade's worth of new films arrived in France, inspiring directors and cine-philes across the country - Truffaut had a troubled childhood and young adulthood; after suffering years of unrequited love, he joined the army and his misery continued. He tried deserting and tried committing suicide during his years in the army. Released in 1959, this French film was monumental in the New Wave movement because of its autobiographical nature and its emotional portrayal of a lower-middle class family in Paris - "established the cultural worth of motion pictures via the expressive signature of the director or auteur, to the internationally recognised art-house cinema of North Asian and Western and Eastern European filmmakers." (Global Hollywood, 186) The film's lead, 14-year old Jean-Pierre Leaud, gave a captivating performance as the character based on Truffaut himself (Antoine Doinel) "[He] has a kind of solemn detachment, as if his heart had suffered obscure wounds long before the film began." - Roger Ebert Opening Date: November 16, 1959 "The 400 Blows" Stats - The war left the country financially drained, so most filmmakers worked with very low budgets for their independent films - This technique of film-making deems genre irrelevant, and puts emphasis on the director's own ideals and themes Has a (rare) 100% critic rating on Rotten Tomatoes and a 94% audience rating No Box Office info listed; had 3,642,981 admissions in France, making it Truffaut's most successful film in France Nominated for Best Original Screenplay in the 32nd Academy Awards
Won the Best Director Award in the 1959 Cannes Film Festival & was nominated for the Palme d'Or
It won the Bodil Award for Best European Film in 1960
Won Best Foreign Film by the New York Film Critics Circle Breathless "Francois Truffaut's "The 400 Blows" (1959) is one of the most intensely touching stories ever made about a young adolescent." - Roger Ebert Released March 16, 1960 in France
Released February 7, 1961 in the US
Budget: $ 78,987.10
"Profits estimated to be fifty times the original investment" (newwavefilm.com)
US Gross: $336,705
UK Gross: $89,836
French Admissions: over 2 million
Won the 1960 Prix Jean Vigo (a French cinema award)
Won Best Director in the 1960 Berlin International Film Festival
96% Critic Rating on Rotten Tomatoes
"Modern movies begin here, with Jean-Luc Godard's "Breathless" in 1960. No debut film since "Citizen Kane" in 1942 has been as influential." - Roger Ebert "A Bout De Souffle" in French
- Written By: François Truffaut, Directed By: Jean-Luc Godard
- Techniques: jump-cuts, tracking shots, an improvised musical score, dialogue spoken directly to the camera, hand-held camerawork, and an unlikeable protagonist.
- Brief Synopsis: A young man gets in trouble with the police after stealing a car and shooting a cop. He goes to Paris and enlists the help of his friend, a female journalist from New York, who helps him hide until she is directly approached by the police. Breathless The Importance of the French New Wave is based on its modernization of cinema by breaking Hollywood's conventions, and its recognition in the United States
"One of the New Wave’s most direct consequences was to impose the idea that cinematic creation requires a regular renewal by young directors." (Blackwell Publishing)
Many modern directors have been inspired by the films and directors of the French New Wave (listed on your handout) Global Importance of the French New Wave The French New Wave Shazia Meyn
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