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Green Buildings for Smart Cities: The Global Network for Sustainable Housing

Presentation of the Global Network for Sustainable Housing at the World Urban Forum
by

Matthew Anthony

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Green Buildings for Smart Cities: The Global Network for Sustainable Housing

The Global Network for Sustainable Housing Green Buildings for Smart Cities Urbanisation and population growth Situation analysis - key challenges
in developing countries Global Network for Sustainable Housing (GNSH) Two new Guides It can support the Network in two main ways:
A platform to connect, share, exchange
As a knowledge repository, a library

Now presenting:
Asa Isacson,
Capacity Development Unit,
UN-Habitat GNSH on the Urban Gateway UN-Habitat Sustainable Housing initiative (formerly 'i-HOUSE') Housing Unit Housing and Slum Upgrading Branch UN-Habitat - thematic branches Environmental sustainability and climate change mitigation and adaptation Enormous pressure on the provision of adequate housing Situation analysis - key opportunities
for green housing in developing countries Avoid
lock-in effect Balancing environment with human development Household operational savings and improved health and wellbeing New housing paradigm -
planned, mixed use Green economy Situation analysis - Housing Practices
The need to mainstream sustainability in affordable housing Household operational savings Housing Unit Slum Upgrading Unit Community Development Unit Housing Policy and Design Housing Rights and Legislation Green Housing Housing Finance Housing Culture and Diversity Strategic
thrusts Aim: To encourage the production of environmentally sustainable and affordable housing for slum upgrading and prevention programmes in developing countries. Conceptual underpinnings of sustainable housing Social Economic Cultural Environmental Priority areas PA 1: Integrated knowledge sharing: Disseminating knowledge and increasing efficient achievements across all of the priority areas through formalised knowledge sharing networks with all stakeholders.

PA 2: Sustainable housing guidelines, regulations and building codes: The development and promotion of appropriate and research-based guidelines and building codes for the design and construction of sustainable housing based on existing successful standards and assessment tools in use.

PA 3.Training and education of all stakeholders (local communities, built environment professionals, developers, and public sector officials, etc) in affordable and sustainable building techniques.

PA 4. Building materials and construction technologies: A review and knowledge dissemination of climate-friendly building materials according to region, including indigenous/traditional materials.

PA 5.Energy efficient and renewable energy products: The promotion of trade and domestic manufacturing initiatives to increase access in developing countries to energy efficient and renewable energy building products at affordable cost.

PA 6.Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tools: Promoting the use of software-based housing design tools and databases aimed at quantifying the life cycle environmental impacts of affordable sustainable housing specific to developing countries in terms of greenhouse gases, embodied energy and energy efficiency.

PA 7.New CDM methodologies, finance and foreign aid: Facilitating the use of Clean Development Methodologies (CDM) for affordable housing along with the promotion of finance and foreign aid to facilitate low cost housing programmes (i.e. the purchase of Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs) from CDM pilot projects). Knowledge exchange and networking:
Support global coordination and knowledge dissemination of sustainable housing alternatives.

Advocacy and policy direction:
Raise awareness and promote sustainable housing alternatives and contribute to policy dialogue and development

Tool development:
Facilitate the development of pro-poor tools for designing, constructing and monitoring sustainable housing alternatives.

Training, education, and capacity building:
Strengthen the capacity of housing sector stakeholders – such as slum dwellers, the private sector, policymakers and housing developers – to produce sustainable and affordable housing. What: Primary objectives of the Network: Why: Purpose of the Network Improve global exchange, partnership, collaboration, dialogue, and advocacy that specifically deals with housing in developing countries

Address the asymmetry between ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ worlds in experience, capacities, knowledge, and networks

Promote ‘bottom-up’, grassroots participation: “People’s process”, community-led development

Improve knowledge dissemination:
Knowledge is currently fragmented and uncoordinated
Often inaccessible to, or expensive for stakeholders in developing countries who need it most (informal self-builders, CBOs, small-scale developers, academia, etc.) Network membership comprises
Professional groups,
Multilateral and bilateral organisations,
Training institutions,
Academia,
Private Sector
Community-based organisations (CBOs),
Grassroots organisations

Anticipated activities could include:
Maintenance of online knowledge sharing platform, i-BUILD.
Tool and knowledge development
Hosting a bi-annual international conference
Hold dedicated side-events, special sessions, and/or roundtables at partner events
In-country training and capacity building workshops How: Membership and activities of the Network: Steering
committee International Advisory Board Secretariat Members What can partners
bring to the network? Originality and purpose
The Network should not duplicate efforts of others
It should respond to a clear niche and focus

Effective partnership:
Real and/or perceived competition
Information sensitivity

Sustainability: Sustaining the Network
Funding for activities and partner time
Partner and Agency commitment

Relevance:
Defining and maintaining a Network that is relevant for those it is supposed to serve Key issues/challenges: “First-hand field experience from implementation”

“For specific projects: planning, feasibility, know-how … backstopping”

“Special experience in … construction/infrastructure procurement and project management”

“experiences from managing large international programs…”

“Pragmatic approach to resolve specific problems…”

“measuring and verifying … programs implemented” Field expertise Policy
Development “Our past focus on policies…can contribute to the growth of the network”

“Analysis of housing policies and shelter finance”

“Expertise on policies that drive sustainable social housing” Existing
partnerships “(We) have tremendous capacity to facilitate knowledge exchange and networking through tried and tested community-to-community exchange programs.”

“Networks of partners in government authorities, national and international experts, academia” “A programme of collaboration with networks”

“Publishes the Environment and Urbanisation Journal which the GNSH can use to disseminate information”

“Through our membership in the GNHS we would be able to disseminate our own research and that of our partners from 37 member countries…” Knowledge
development and
education
avenues “…tools that are relevant, affordable, and sustainable in urban poor communities”

“recognized tools and methodologies”

“…like target setting, assessment and monitoring…” Tools and methodologies “Interdisciplinary learning process/mechanisms and research”

“…climate change research”

“Setting up the East African Urban Academy – a timely academy for knowledge production…”

“documenting ‘traditional knowledge and building cultures’ as well as to translate them into the curricula of universities, vocational training centres, etc.” Knowledge
production Specialized
expertise Specific building materials and systems: “earth construction…”; “specialized expertise on bamboo…”

“jobs/skills and entrepreneurship in the built environment”

“…strong (building performance) modeling experience”

“Post disaster and interim permanent housing in urban areas”

“Regional expertise in energy efficiency in housing” How can the Network support partners work? “A link between academia and practice”

“Being in a network provides the important connections necessary to carry out effective research”

“A source of research topics/projects, a way to interact with stakeholders”

“Strengthen cooperation in tool development and application” Connecting people and organisations Sharing
and learning “It would be of great value to us to share and learn from other members”

“We primarily see the Network providing a forum to disseminate our research… to a wider audience of housing experts and stakeholders”

“Great possibilities for exchanging knowledge, visions and success stories”

“Exchange of experience to broaden view from regional to global level” Technical support and exchange “A platform for technical exchange”

“Belonging to a network is essential as our modeling data collection work requires rich sets of data…”

“Raising standards of knowledge and evidence, technical and professional competence”

“To be able to update your areas of research and education” “Through our membership in the GNHS we would be able to disseminate our own research and that of our partners from 37 member countries…”

“A programme of collaboration with networks”

“Publishes the Environment and Urbanisation Journal which the GNSH can use to disseminate information” Knowledge
development and
education
avenues “Providing access to more coherently documented/archived content in this area both for teaching/research as well as for learning from action by others”

“Disseminate (our) knowledge more effectively, particularly to those stakeholders not so easy to reach” Knowledge and resource management “We regularly organize capacity building and training courses …and would welcome the opportunity to tie these into the network, perhaps by working jointly with other partners”

“Being in a network provides the important connections necessary to carry out effective research”

“To be able to update your areas of research and education” Capacity development and training Making practice more effective “Pooling resources: Need for attracting more resources and deploying them strategically to ensure better bridging between knowledge and action”

“Cross-sector partnerships and a multi-faceted approach are needed to address this complex issue”

“Linking knowledge to decision making for policies, projects and enterprises” Workshops and trainings
Earth construction and culture, CRAterre - France, May 2012
Sustainable Housing in Asia, July 2012

Exchanges
Expert group Meeting, Dec 2011
Videos of experts' views uploaded online
Internships at UN-Habitat (ongoing)

Tool development
Green building rating tool for developing countries (ongoing)

Knowledge development and dissemination
Casebook on Energy Efficiency in Eastern Europe (with UNECE)
Book Chapter on Housing and the Green Economy
Research on Durable Solutions for IDPs (ongoing)
Two new books published - Going Green, and Policy Framework Efforts to date Sustainable Housing for Sustainable Cities: A Policy Framework for Sustainable Housing Sustainable Housing for Sustainable Cities outlines key concepts underpinning sustainable housing and provides a comprehensive framework for designing sustainable housing policies and practical actions. Although sustainable housing is often considered from a predominantly “green” perspective this book advocates a more holistic approach, which recognises the multiple functions of housing – as both a physical and socio-cultural system – and which seeks to enhance and harmonise the environmental, social, cultural, and economic dimensions of housing sustainability to ensure prosperous residential neighbourhoods and equitable cities. Going Green provides an overview of sustainable housing practices with a focus on ‘green’ building materials and construction technologies, and climate-responsive housing and settlement design. It shows how environmental aspects can be successfully interwoven with the social, cultural and economic milieu in which they are proposed, adopted and, ideally, scaled-up to meet the massive housing demand in developing countries. Going Green: A Handbook of Sustainable Housing Practices Urban Planning and
Design Branch Urban Legislation, Land,
and Governance Branch Urban Economy Urban Basic
Services Branch Risk Reduction
and Rehabilitation Research and Capacity
Development Branch Objectives 1. Strengthen the capacity of urban slum dwellers, identified vulnerable groups, private sector, policymakers and housing developers to contribute to the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, through developing and promoting alternative, energy-efficient and low greenhouse gas emitting energy sources, construction technologies, and housing design.

2. Support the development of field projects, policies and regulations in selected pilot countries that mitigate climate change at national and local levels (Ministries of Housing and construction, Ministries of Environment and municipalities, etc), by providing guidelines, with a special focus on the urban poor and the most vulnerable groups, through action research and business partnerships.

3. Raise awareness and improve the understanding of the impact of the domestic uses of energies, building materials and construction technologies on climate change.

4. Inform policy processes on climate vulnerability adaptation and mitigation based on the lessons learned from pilot activities. This will include recommendations to encourage alternative sources of domestic energies, building materials and technologies and to explore possible instruments including carbon credits, taxation mechanisms, climate mitigation controls in the process of granting building permits etc. Focus Area: the environmental, economic, cultural and social sustainability of housing in developing countries The Sustainable Housing Initiative recognizes that culture is also important and is therefore considered the fourth pillar of sustainability, as promoted in The Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (UNESCO, 2001):
“Cultural diversity is as necessary for humankind as biodiversity is for nature” It is important to be “one of the roots of development understood not simply in terms of economic growth, but also as a means to achieve a more satisfactory intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual existence". Therefore rather than a narrow focus on only environmental sustainability, i-HOUSE focuses on all four pillars of sustainability. The two interrelated functions of housing:

(a) Housing as physical structure – residential buildings/shelters, their design, material qualities, their arrangement in space, and their ecological interactions with the physical environment;

(b) Housing as socio-cultural structure – residence-based activities, their character, social qualities, and their socio-economic interactions in space with the immediate communities and wider society.

Through both of these functions, housing represents a system of social and material relationships, which is simultaneously arranged at the different spatial scales (homes, surrounding neighbourhoods, settlements, regions, nations) and which, therefore, requires a corresponding hierarchy of scales of analysis and interventions. Housing to support climate mitigation and adaptation efforts
Mainstreaming green housing practices and innovations
Ensuring energy and resource efficiency in the building industry
Integrating national housing and energy systems MACRO MESO MICRO Achieving good location and density for residential areas and access to infrastructure
Serviced land in environmentally safe locations and green areas
Protection of ecosystems and biodiversity
Promoting sustainable and low-carbon urban infrastructure, public transport and non-motorised mobility, energy systems.
Waste management and recycling Ensuring energy efficiency, microgeneration, water and resource efficiency
Green design, using sustainable local construction and materials
Sanitation, preventing hazardous and polluting materials
Affordable use of resources
Improving resilience and adaptation of homes Promoting and realising the right to adequate housing and right to the city
Ensuring affordable, decent and suitable homes for all, including disadvantaged groups
Developing social housing provision
Promoting choice and security of tenure Promoting integrated communities, providing community facilities, preventing segregation and displacement
Regenerating and reintegrating ‘neglected’ areas into regional, urban fabric
Ensuring infrastructural integration of housing into the wider areas
Upgrading inadequate housing and slum areas Ensuring health, safety, well-being in residences.
Creating a sense of community, ‘sense of place’ and identity
Meeting specific needs and wants in housing (including those related to gender, age and health)
Providing access to infrastructure and public spaces
Opportunities for public participation Promoting links between housing and knowledge-based and cultural economies
Promoting traditional, indigenous and local knowledge (including of relevance to sustainable resource use, energy efficiency and resilient building techniques)
Protecting cultural heritage Promoting urban creativity, culture, aesthetics, diversity
Respecting values, tradition, norms and behaviours (e.g. in relation to energy use, recycling, communal living and place maintenance)
Protecting housing heritage and familiarity of city (e.g. preventing unnecessary social replacement/gentrification or complete redevelopment) Cultural dwelling norms and standards and lifestyles
Improving aesthetics, diversity and cultural sophistication of the built environment and residence
Helping community creativity (i.e. via amenities, community centres, training; affordable sporting, cultural and entertainment facilities)
Assisting people’s transition from rural and slums areas to decent housing or multifamily housing Institutional capacities for sustainable housing markets and housing development
Articulating housing productivity within national economic systems
Improving housing supply and effective demand, stabilising housing markets
Improving housing finance options
Promoting innovations in housing
Stimulating necessary technological developments for sustainable housing Strengthening entrepreneurship of communities
Managing economic activities and growth by strengthening housing provision and housing markets
Provision of necessary infrastructure and basic services to housing
Providing serviced land for housing
Strengthening local building industry and enterprise
Promoting local and traditional building materials and techniques
Promoting regional and urban regeneration Supporting domestic economic activities and enterprise
Ensuring housing affordability for different social groups
Providing adequate residences to raise labour productivity; ensuring housing is integrated with employment
Promoting petty landlordism and self-help housing
Housing management and maintenance
Strengthening resilience and future-proofing of homes SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT CULTURAL ECONOMIC Cross-cutting issues: Human rights, gender, youth, indigenous and vulnerable groups, poverty alleviation Cross-cutting issues: Human rights, gender, youth, indigenous and vulnerable groups, poverty alleviation A framework for sustainable housing Urbanization, population and economic growth Existing housing stock Disasters and conflict Drivers Critical
housing
issues Responses Outcomes Focus areas for UN-Habitat Sustainable Housing Initiative Slum upgrading Formal low-cost, standardized housing Expanding middle-income sector, effective demand Effective demand but
insufficent supply Environmental retrofitting Energy inefficient, detrimental health and economic impacts. Energy inefficient, detrimental health and economic impacts. Balancing emergency shelter with long-term reconstruction House development,
not housing sector development Environmentally
detrimental
development Lock-in of energy
demand and use Fuel poverty Poor occupant comfort Increasing burden on local
and national ecosystems Reduced
energy
consumption Improved comfort and health Reduced fuel
poverty Houses
not housing Cultural
responsiveness Poor building
performance Integration of
economic activities Increasing burden on local
and national ecosystems Provision of adequate housing at scale Housing for cities
not only houses Partners
Full transcript