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Ancient Rome

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matthew cropper

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome goegraphy Like Greece, Rome was on a peninsula The Italian peninsula is seperated from the rest of Europe by a mountain range called the Alps The Apennines mountains came through the center of the Italian Peninsula The river that Rome was founded around was called the Tiber River The origins of Rome founding myths Aeneas escapes Troy with the sword of Troy Aeneas travels to Latium where he marries a Latin princess Aeneas' descendents, Romulus and Remus, are abandoned and thrown into the Tiber River Romulus and Remus are found by a she-wolf who takes care of them When there grown up, Romulus and Remus set out to found a new city In an argument over where to build the city, Romulus kills Remus Romulus founds the city of Rome on Palatine Hill naming the city after himself The poor get more power republic patricians plebians tribune twelve tables a government where citizens elect officials to vote for them this is similar to a indirect democracy the roman republic's first written law code the twelve tables were made because Rome had no written law code and judges would choose wich laws to follow and wich to ignore Table 1-courts and trials
Table 2-trials (cont.)
Table 3-debt
Table 4-family rights
Table 5-legal guardians and inheritance
Table 6-gaining and possessing property
Table 7-land rights
Table 8-unlawful acts and penalties
Table 9-laws on government
Table 10-laws on religion
Table 11-additional laws
Table12-additional laws top official of the plebian assembly tribunes had power becuase they had the support of the plebians The Roman Republic The Senate The Assembly Checks and Balances Magistrates Tripartite Government Means three part government The Roman Republic consists of: the magistrates, the senate, and the assembly a means for keeping any one branch of a government Each branch was like a different type of government. the main officials of the Roman republic two consuls served as the top magistrate when consuls were at war, a dictator would serve in there place a dictator is a ruler with unlimited power magistrates represented monarchy controlled state finances and passed laws the senate represented oligarchy the assembly represented democracy the assembbly elected tribunes who could veto the decisions of the other branches the common people of Rome the plebians made about 90% of the population the upper class of Roman society The growth of the republic Punic Wars tactics military diplomacy a tactic is a method used to acheive a short term goal example:the Romans had a tactic in which into long unbroken lines The soldiers in the Roman military were strictly soldiers the basic unit of the roman army was a legion a legion consistec of 4500-5000 soldiers legions were divided into maniples maniples were groups of 100 soldiers diplomacy is making a deal when the Romans conquered people, instead of enslaving them they had them sign a peace treaty the Punic Wars were a series of wars with carthage the first war the Romans invaded Sicily,an island controlled by Carthage, The war lasted 20 years then Carthage surrendered Sicily to Rome the second war a general from Carthage named Hanniballuanched the second war he lead 40000 soldiers and 40 elephants over the Alps to Rome Hannibal and his army dominated Rome until a Roman general named Scipio luanched a counter attack against Carthage Hannibal retreated and a peace treaty was signed the third war Rome attacked Carthage in 149 B.C.E. Rome completely destroyed Carthage and sold its people into slavery
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