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Glorious Revolution

AP Euro

Kristin Palomares

on 4 July 2014

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Transcript of Glorious Revolution

The Road to Rule...
The Restoration of Protestantism
Exploration & The Economy...
Tilbury Speech
The Elizabethan Age
Elizabeth I
James I
Charles I
Religious Division
Problems With Parliament
Problems With Parliament
War With Scotland
Back to Basics
Phase One
Phase Two
The English Civil War
Charles II
Irish Blood, English Heart
James II
Bill of Rights
Glorious Revolution
No standing armies or taxes without the consent of Parliament
Regular sessions of Parliament
Freedom of Speech in Parliament
King could not suspend the laws
Trial by jury & no excessive bail
Toleration Act
Freedom of worship for ALL Protestant sects
Policies & Parliament
Test Act
Passed by Parliament
Excluded all Catholics from public office
Both feared the extension of royal power
Wanted a new constitutional monarchy under a Protestant King
middle class bourgeoisie interests
lesser lords
pro-old landed gentry
pro-Anglican Church
suspicious of towns & business interests
Treaty of Dover
Secret treaty in which Charles received a subsidy from Louis XIV in return for vague religious promises
Exempted religious dissenters from punishment under Parliament's laws
Declaration of Indulgence
Actions Angered Parliament
Dissolved Parliament
Trouble dealing with Parliament
House of Commons refussed to impose high taxes which crippled royal finances
Imposed customs duties without parliamentary consent
Parliament refussed to pass his plan to allow free trade between England & Scotland
Reinstated Parliament to obtain new taxes but the representative body failed to pass the disired legislation so he dissolved the group yet again
The crown would give feudal dues in return for annual parliamentary subsidy
Failed due to factionalism
Alienated the Puritan & Catholic minorities
Pursued a foreign policy friendly to Catholic Spain
First English monarch of the House of Stuart
Succesfull in Scotland but not in England
James the Vain
Petition of Right
No martial law in peacetime
No quartering of troops in private homes
No taxes without parliamentary approval
No imprisonment without a jury trial
Absolutist & Divine Right
Levied taxes without Parliament's consent
Puritans felt he was hostile towards their practices
He had tried to force Anglican services on Scotland
enough money...
When called, the dominantly Puritan English Parliament demanded an end to the religious and political policies
Charles ruled without Parliament until 1640
Charles dissmissed
Forced to ask Parliament for money to fight a war with Scotland
Short Parliament
War was lost
Charles had to issue payments of large indemnities to Schotland
Charles had to call Parliament to again to ask for money
Long Parliament
Gave Charles money in return for power
wealthy trading and landowning classes
supported the king
middle class
opposed the king
How much of the king's authority should be curbed?
Charles used division over question to reassert his control
He attempted to arrest 5 members of Parliament
He failed and civil war resulted
New Model Army
An efficient military organization commanded by Oliver Cromwell that won the war with the aid of the Scots on behalf of the Parliament
Restoration of a very limited monarchy
Establishment of a Puritan theocracy
What type of government should be established?
Cromwell's "Independent" party won due to his control of the army
He gained control of Parliament and expelled the less radical members
Rump Parliament
Remaining members of Parliament that were controlled by the army
Old Ironsides
Military leader of the Model Army
Roundhead leader of Parliament
Declared England a Protectorate with him as "Lord Protector"
Ruled with a council of state
Parliament did the following...
Voted to execute Charles I in 1649
Declared England a "Commonwealth"
Friction developed so Cromwell disbanded Parliament in 1653
A new parliament was elected but its power was reduced & England was essentially a military dictatorship
Advanced English trade
Compelled Ireland and Scotland to recognize him
Increased England's power abroad
Parliament overthrew his son in 1660
After death from malaria or by poisoning, he was exhumed and hanged, drawn, and quartered
The Restoration
Agreed to abide by Parliamentary controls on taxes & to call Parliament into session regularly
Cavalier Parliament
Passed a series of laws which suppressed the religious freedom of Catholics and Puritans
Merry Monarch
The Last Catholic Monarch
Established a standing army
Created special courts to try those suspected of rebellion
When his wife gave birth to a son who was baptized Catholic...
Whig and Tory
Set out to find a new heir
Elizabeth I
James I
Great Contract
Petition of Right
Short Parliament
Long Parliament
New Model Army
Rump Parliament
Charles I
English Civil War
Mary &
William of Orange
Invited to rule England
When their forces landed in England, James fled to France
English Bill of Rights
Elizabeth I
James I
Great Contract
Petition of Right
Short Parliament
Long Parliament
New Model Army
Rump Parliament
Charles I
English Civil War
Charles II
The Restoration
Cavalier Parliament
Treaty of Dover
Declaration of Indulgence
Test Act
James II
Mary and William of Orange
English Bill of Rights
Toleration Act
Henry VIII
Edward VI
Mary I
Elizabeth I
Henry VIII: Anglican
Mary I: Catholic
Elizabeth: Anglican
Established a state church that attempted to please both Catholics and Protestants
To please Protestants
priests could marry
sermons in English, not Latin
To please Catholics
Priests wore robes
Revised services to include Catholic traditions
Mary Queen of Scots
Catholic cousin
Attempted to overthrow Elizabeth
Philip II of Spain
Defeated the Spanish Armada's advance to conform England to Catholic policies
1500s: Began to rethink building an American empire as a source of income
Well educated and spoke French, Italian, Latin, & Greek
William Shakespeare
Born in Stratford-upon-Avon
Wrote plays and poems in London
Performed at the Globe Theater
Interested in antiquity
Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, Romeo & Juliet, King Lear, etc.
The Virgin Queen
Good Queen Bess
Supported the Dutch in order to bring down Philip II of Spain
Henry IV of France
Catholic and willing to defy Elizabeth's authority
Emergence of Political Parties
2 min
2 min
Poll Everywhere
Poll Everywhere
Poll Everywhere
Poll Everywhere
Poll Everywhere
Poll Everywhere
Full transcript