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What was the Renaissance?

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by

Edward Jaracz

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of What was the Renaissance?

What was the Renaissance?
It is known as a "rebirth"
of new ideas and it began in the 1300's and reached its peak around the 1500's
The Renaissance was a time of creativity and great change in many areas, political, economic, social and cultural.
It marked a slow shift from
an agricultural to an urban
society, and was a time when
creative thinking and new
technology let people
comprehend and understand
their new world more accurately
Renaissance thinkers explored the richness and variety of the human experience based in the here and now. This led to a new movement known as
Humanism

Society placed a new ideal on individual achievement instead of spiritual obedience

The Catholic church and its teachings was being challenged by these new ideas.

Renaissance Man:
A person with knowledge
and skill in many different
fields. (architect, painter,
sculptor etc)
Italy: The cradle of the Renaissance
Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.

Italy was the center of the Roman Empire.

The Roman Catholic Church supported many artists and scholars.

Italy's location encouraged trade

Banking, manufacturing and merchant networks developed to support trade.

Italian merchants led the growth of trade across Europe and provided the wealth that fueled the Renaissance.
Trade routes carried new ideas that were important in shaping the Renaissance.

Contact through trade gave Italy access to the Muslims world's wealth of knowledge
Italy was divided into many small city-states.

Each city-state was controlled by a powerful family and dominated by a wealthy and dominant class.

The Medici family who controlled Florence was one of the richest families in all of Europe.

The merchant families exerted both political and economic leadership and their interests in art and emphasis on personal achievement helped to shape the Italian Renaissance.
Renaissance art reflected the ideals of Humanism:
Religious themed art was heavily influenced by classical Roman or Greek techniques.

(Both relied on realism)
New painting techniques were developed for representing both human and landscapes
The Perspective Technique allowed Renaissance artists to create realistic art.


By making distant objects smaller than those close to the viewer, artists could paint scenes that appeared three dimensional.
Architecture was "social art" that combined beauty with utility and improvement of
society.

Renaissance art incorporated columns,
arches, and domes that had been favored
by the Greeks and Romans.
Social Art
Italian writers reflected the curiosity and interest in the humanities by writing self-help and guide books in achieving success

The most famous of these books was the "Prince" written by Niccolo Machiavelli.

The book was based upon how one gains and maintains power.
What qualities should an ideal leader have?
To be an effective leader is it better to be feared or loved?
What does Machiavelli believe are the qualities needed to be an effective leader?
What is Machiavelli's general view of people?
How might his experience as a diplomat have shaped
that view?

The term "Machiavellian has come to mean deceit in politics
Full transcript