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600 BCE - 600 CE AP

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 2 October 2016

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Transcript of 600 BCE - 600 CE AP

600 BCE - 600 CE: The Classical Age
Persians & Greeks
Maurya & Gupta
Rome
Qin & Han
Big
IDeas

Size & Political Strength
Empire - state ruling over a large area and diverse peoples
Military
Strong King
Complex Government Structure
South Asia
Maurya (322-185 BCE)
Gupta (320-550 CE)
China
Qin (221-206 BCE)
Han (206 BCE - 220 CE)
Middle East
Persians (550 BCE - 651 CE
Mediterranean
Greeks (600-146 BCE)
Romans (27 BCE - 476 CE)
Complex Cultures
Modern-day Religions
Golden Ages - periods of increased innovation and cultural achievements
Christianity (Romans)
Buddhism (Maurya)
Hinduism (Gupta)
Confucianism (Han)
Better Writing Records
Simplified alphabet & numbering systems
Complex Long-Distance Trade
Spread religion & goods
Silk Road
Indian Ocean Trade
Contacts Between Nomadic &
Sedentary People
Expanding trade and boundaries
Nomadic peoples
Helped trade
Invaded and collapsed empires
Huns
China
India
Germanic Tribes
Rome
Long-Lasting Influence
Forms of government
Scientific achievements
Language
Oligarchy - rule by the few
Democracy - rule by the people
Republic - rule by representatives
Concept of zero
Pythagorean theorem
Latin & Greek
Military conquest
Allowed local leaders (satraps) keep power
Road system - communication
Political Control
Persia
Religion
Zoroastrianism
First monotheistic(?)
Achievements
Postal Service
Persepolis
Maurya Empire
Rise
Persia introduced the centralized system of governing empire
Alexander the Great's conquest of India allowed Maurya's to consolidate regional power
Consolidation & Control
Chandragupta
Provincial rule (like Persians)
Bureaucracy - taxation, economic control, spying
Ashoka
Buddhist emperor
Bureaucratic emphasis on religious morality
Streamlined Buddhists texts and teachings
Military - used to enforce religious decrees
Roads
Wrote laws on pillars (popular access)
Impacts
Spread of Buddhism into East Asia
First empire to control most of India
Next empire to due so were the Mughals (1500s)
Decline
Weaker kings
Dissolved back to small states
Greece
Geography
Mountainous
Lack of contact led to the rise of city-states (polis)
Sparta
Athens
Militaristic
Oligarchy
Helots
Emphasis on arts
"Democracy"
Alexander the Great
Persians & Greeks
Patriarchy
Persians tried to invade
Alliance between the poli
Persia defeated
Athens - victor
Athenian Golden Age
Philosophy, drama, history, math, science
Art based on human figure (stolen by the Romans)
Empire building
Peloponnesian War - Sparta wins
King of Macedonia
Defeated the Greek poli
Downfall of Persia and Egypt
Hellenistic Synthesis - the spread of Greek culture
Gupta Empire (320-550 CE)
Rise
Modeled themselves on the Maurya
Chandragupta
Did not conquer all of India
Control
Less extensive bureaucracy
Army
Taxation
Tribute from neighboring kingdoms
"Theater-state"
Golden Age
Concept of zero
"Arabic" numerals
Hindu temples
Religious tolerance
Social Structure
Hinduism - caste system
Sati - widow cremates herself on her husband's pyre
Fall
Lack of central control
Hun invasions
India always has small warring kingdoms with sometimes empires
Qin Dynasty
(221-206 BCE)
Rise
After warring states period
Shihuangdi - took absolute control
Politics
Legalism - emperor must use force to keep down the masses
All power taken from the local lords
Achievement
Great Wall
Han Dynasty
(206 BCE - 220 CE)
Rise
Lack of leadership collapsed Qin
Relaxed the rule
Politics
Confucianism
Extensive bureaucracy
Local lords given back some power
Military hired from conquered peoples
Achievement
Silk production
Strengthening the Silk Road trade
Ineffective emperors
Constant threat of invasions (Huns)
Famine and too many taxes cause peasant rebellions
Nobles put down rebellion & Gain power
Dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven
After period of wars, Sui Dynasty rises (Confucianism)
Fall
Roman Republic (509-27 BCE)
Politics
Republic
Patricians - Senate
Plebeians - Assembly
2 consuls
Empire building
Punic Wars - gained land around the Mediterranean
Julius Caesar - dictator
Second Triumvirate - Octavian
Roman Empire
(27 BCE - 476 CE)
Augustus
First Principe
Kept Senate - power ended with him
Pax Romana
Diocletian
Divided empire into East and West to keep it from collapsing
Constantine
Moved capital to Constantinople (East)
Make Christianity the official religion
Achievements
Expanded empire into all of Western Europe, in Middle East and North Africa
Appian Way
Aqueducts
Twelve Tables
Fall
Too Big
Ineffective emperors - military control
Too many mercenaries - disloyalty in military
Government bankrupt - too many campaigns
Increase taxes - peasant revolt
Invasion - Huns push Germanic peoples into Rome
Only western collapsed - no unifying force to bounce back
Social
Women afforded more rights - property
Slavery
Full transcript