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Sketchnotes in the Classroom: A More Visual Approach to Notetaking

Presented at Indiana University on April 8, 2014

Derek Bruff

on 25 September 2015

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Transcript of Sketchnotes in the Classroom: A More Visual Approach to Notetaking

Sketchnotes in the Classroom
A More Visual Approach to Notetaking
Derek Bruff / derekbruff.org / @derekbruff
Sketchnotes are rich visual notes created from a mix of handwriting, drawings, hand-drawn typography, shapes, and visual elements like arrows, boxes, and lines.
Mike Rohde, The Sketchnote Handbook
Eva-Lotta Lamm, http://flic.kr/p/dPwZqM
Derek Bruff, http://flic.kr/p/hsDp5d
Mike Rohde, http://flic.kr/p/ftPFNL
Mauro Toselli, http://flic.kr/p/eiSpGs
Paula Petcu, http://is.gd/A7LWc1
Rachel Smith, http://flic.kr/p/fZUxqd
Jenn Wicks, http://is.gd/E1KWbo
Giulia Forsythe, http://flic.kr/p/gLF6YY
Stefani Bachetti, http://is.gd/zQIWVn
More Examples:
What are sketchnotes?
Why sketchnote?
"When students are provided with an organizational structure in which to fit new knowledge,

they learn more effectively and efficiently

than when they are left to deduce this conceptual structure for themselves."
How Learning Works (2010)
How Learning Works (2010)
"Bookshelf Spectrum, Revisited," chotda, Flickr (CC)
Knowledge Organizations
"Paraguay," NASA Goddard, Flickr (CC)
Dual Coding
"The most effective notes highlight an overall framework for a lecture and embellish that framework with critical specifics."
(Williams & Eggert, 2002)
For short-term factual recall, reviewing complete notes is more important than taking notes.
(Williams & Eggert, 2002)
“Nearly all non-linear note-taking strategies benefit learning outcomes more than does the linear recording of information, with graphs and concept maps especially fostering the selection and organization of information.”
(Piolot, Olive, Kellogg, 2005)
“The external drawing is the learner’s attempt to depict on paper the image experienced internally.”
(Van Meter & Garner, 2005)
“The use of drawing caters to individual learner differences, as a drawing is shaped by the learner’s current or emerging ideas and knowledge of visual conventions.”
(Ainsworth, Prain, Tytler, 2011)
Why not?
"Ghost Writer," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC)
"spiral notebook," theilr, Flickr (CC)
Longhand notetakers outperformed laptop notetakers on conceptual understanding and long-term recall. (Mueller & Oppenheimer, 2014)
"Trellis," http://flic.kr/p/5AffFJ
Notetakers attending to main points over details did better at conceptual understanding, integration of ideas, and long-term recall. (Kiewra & Fletcher, 1984)
Derek Bruff, http://flic.kr/p/hsNSXi
Radial Pattern
Modular Pattern
Path Pattern
Luigi Mengato, http://flic.kr/p/jC5egB
Derek Bruff, http://flic.kr/p/mTgPsU
Rachel Smith, http://flic.kr/p/g4wUyo
Sketchnoting 101
Ainsworth, S., Prain, V., & Tytler, R. (2011). Drawing to learning in science. Science, 333, 1096-1097.
Kiewra, K., & Fletcher, H. (1984). The relationship between levels of notetaking and achievement. Human learning, 3, 273-280.
Mueller, P., & Oppenheimer, D. (2014). The pen is mightier than the sword: Advantages of longhand over laptop note-taking. Psychological Science.
Piolat, A., Olive, T., & Kellogg, R. (2005). Cognitive effort during note taking. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 291-312.
Van Meter, P., & Garner, J. (2005). The promise and practice of learner-generated drawing: Literature review and synthesis. Educational Psychology Review, 17(4), 285-325.
Williams, R., & Eggert, A. (2002). Notetaking in college classes: Student patterns and instructional strategies. Journal of General Education, 51(3), 173-199.
Mike Rohde, The Sketchnote Handbook
"Ideas, not art."
Mike Rohde, http://flic.kr/p/e4Tm3m
Doug Neill, after Sunni Brown,
Jackson Dame
Derek Bruff, http://flic.kr/p/e8PC2C
Mike Rohde, http://flic.kr/p/fsTa5K
Derek Bruff, http://flic.kr/p/fmcqTB
Sketchnotes for Learning
"Stop-and-Draw" Moments
Wendy Pillars, http://is.gd/yWBGOH
Online Annotations
Mercer Hall & Patricia Russac, http://is.gd/ZPnSsj
Provided Structures
Autumn Riley, http://is.gd/wtn6LV
Doug Neill, http://is.gd/3CAM9u
Unit Summaries
Brent Pillsbury, http://is.gd/HGGi2K
Project Planning
"Rewriting" Notes
J. Ricky Cox, http://is.gd/DXRCxQ
Color Code
Derek Bruff
Travel Sketchnotes
Chris Spalton, http://flic.kr/p/kEvkxn
Reading Sketchnotes
Derek Bruff
Your Ideas?
Reading List
Full transcript