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Rachael Richardson

on 18 April 2015

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Transcript of Political

North vs South Strengths
North Political Strengths
North Social Strengths
North Economic Strengths
South Political Strengths
South Social Strengths
North vs South Weaknesses

South Economic Strengths
South Political Weakness
South Social Weaknesses
South Economic Weaknesses
North Political Weaknesses
North Social Weaknesses
North Economic Weaknesses
manufactured goods/ exports
they traded more items with other countries so they needed more ships which helped their economy
number of farms
the north did not have plantations but they had many more small farms for families
miles of railroad
the north had more railroads which allowed for more trade
banking capital
they had the federal reserves which meant that they had more money than the south
Army recruitment
Contrasting views among political parties
Many Republicans were abolitionists
Democrats split
War Democrats wanted a war to restore the Union
Peace Democrats wanted to restore the Union through negotiations
They lacked military leadership
most of the military camps were in the south
North vs South Strengths and Weaknesses Profile
By Jessica Wolff, Brandon Beck, Rachael Richardson and Ashni Gandhi
Strong leadership
Abraham Lincoln
Ulysses Grant
African Americans in the Military
The Emancipation Proclamation let African Americans join the Union army and navy.
Strengthened Union army

The Diplomatic Challenge
Britain and France informally meet the Confederate in 1861.
The french agreed to recognize Confederate as a country if Britain agreed as well.
Britain did not want to risk to recognize them, unless the Confederacy won big victories on the battlefield and proved it would survive and eventually win the war.
The Confederate president was Jefferson Davis
He lead the Confederate as best he could.
African Americans in the Military
The Emancipation Proclamation let African Americans join the Union army and navy. Almost immediately, thousands of African Americans rushed to join the military.
Confederates attempt with Britain
Confederates were becoming independent and were trying to form alliances

The South suffered more from inflation and shortages
failure of:
its transportation system
the blockade of its ports
the presence of Union troops in several farming regions led to severe food shortages
led to riots of armed women
This all occurred mostly in the winter
The South's economy suffered greatly
State governments had to much power
The Diplomatic Challenge
Britain did not want to risk to recognize them, unless the Confederacy won big victories on the battlefield and proved it would survive and eventually win the war.
But, The Union’s victory strengthened the Republicans politically. It also ensured that Britain would not recognize the Confederacy.
Military based life
Confederates were strong in military due to the background they had from going to military schools
8 military colleges in U.S., 7 in the South
Knowledge of the land they were fighting on
Strong sense of "nationalism" for the CSA
Slaves work on and maintain farms at home while soldiers are at war
Women Reform
Women as nurses in hospitals
Women helped the war effort by managing family farms and businesses
Women as nurses on the battlefield
Elizabeth Blackwell was first female doctor
Before the war, most army nurses were men
During the Civil War, however, women took on nursing jobs in army hospitals.
Strong naval tradition
control of the seas, leads to crucial trade opportunities
Grant becomes General in Chief
His capture of Vicksburg gives the Union control of the Mississippi River.
His victory at Chattanooga secures eastern Tennessee and clears the way for an invasion of Georgia

The Battle of Gettysburg
experienced mob violence
riots broke out over the Union’s new conscription law
Limited farms
80% inflation
people took gold and silver out of the banks
With little gold and silver in the banks, banks could not buy government bonds
government couldn't pay its suppliers and troops
First battle of Bull Run
Seven Days' Battle
Trade with Britain
showed Confederates ability to be independent
Large farming based economy
Chickamauga Creek Battle
Army faced harsh conditions
also, their army wasn't as strong
lacked amount of men compared to the Union
Wanted Europe to recognize them
this meant that it was hard to get financial aid.
Relied on trade with other countries
since Union had naval advantages, they blocked off ports.
No food for armies
caused the protest of the citizens
North's Key People
President Abraham Lincoln
Chief General Ulysses S. Grant
South's Key People

President Jefferson Davis
Robert E. Lee
Northern army weaker than the Southern army
Army morale was often low, making it hard to win battles
Army recruitment becomes increasingly difficult
Resort to conscription
Few people back home to maintain businesses and farms
Contrasting opinions on how to fight the war and the purpose of the war
varying opinions on slavery, African Americans' rights, whether to fight an offensive or defensive war
less nationalism and desire to fight for the Union

The Seven Days' Battle was a weak battle for the Union army. In efforts to capture Richmond, Virginia, McClellan's army suffers high casualties inflicted by Lee's army. Though there was no distinct winner, the North was forced to retreat.
The Battle of Gettysburg is an obvious strong battle for the North; it was the turning point in the war. Commander of the Confederate army, Lee, attacks the Union army as they are weakened by their loss at Chancellorsville. He orders a huge attack on the Union army known as Pickett's Charge, but ends up losing 1/3 of his troops to the battle. With such a huge amount of Lee's troops dead, the Union army is able to take control the rest of the war.
Abraham Lincoln
Elected president during the Election of 1860
South hated Lincoln because they feared he would outlaw slavery
Leads the Union to victory during the Civil War
Issues Emancipation Proclamation
frees enslaved African Americans
Ulysses S. Grant
Chief of Union army
leads the North to victory
Makes his debut at the Battle of Shiloh where he defeats the Confederates in the deadliest battle of the war thus far
Facilitates the capture of Vicksburg, cutting the South in half
Defeats the Confederates in the last battle of the war, the Battle at Missionary Ridge, where the Confederates are forced to surrender
Union general William Rosecrans outmaneuvered Confederate general Braxton Bragg. In early September, Rosecrans forced the Confederates to evacuate Chattanooga without a fight.Bragg launched an assault against him at Chickamauga Creek on September 19, 1863. Bragg soon smashed through part of the Union defenses, and Rosecrans ordered his troops to fall back to Chattanooga, where he found himself almost completely surrounded by Bragg’s forces Grant rushed to Chattanooga to take command of the coming battle. he ordered his troops to attack Confederate positions on Lookout Mountain. Union forces charged uphill in the fog. They quickly drove the Confederate troops off the mountain.

The Union defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run made it clear that the North needed a large, well-trained army to defeat the South.

The End :)
Jefferson Davis
an American soldier and politician who was the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War
Robert E. Lee
A general of the nineteenth century; the commander of Confederate troops during the Civil War.
In the war, he led the Army of Northern Virginia and won the Battle of Chancellorsville but lost the Battle of Gettysburg.
He surrendered to the Union army, under the command of Ulysses S. Grant, at Appomattox Court House in 1865.
Lee's excellence of character and brilliance as a general won him the respect of people on both sides of the war.
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