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Afghan Refugee Migration
Transcript of Afghan Refugee Migration
migration is how they were run out of their country because of the Afghan-Soviet Union war. Type of Migration Afghanistan and the Soviet Union entered a war in the 1970s. It went on for about 10 years and the citizens of Afghanistan were affected. After the war with the Soviet Union, Afghans migrated after their land was destroyed. Many migrated to Pakistan and Iran. There were waves of migrants that entered the countries, 2-3 million at a time, and about 1,500 a day! This type of migration is known as forced international migration. Attitude Towards Immigrants Push/Pull Factors War between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan pushed the Afghan people away. They moved to Pakistan and Iran because they were in close proximity to each other. Pakistan opened its arms to the Afghan refugees, providing them with money, food, and shelter. The Pakistani people welcomed the Afghans to their country. Since they both shared the same religion, their bond was already very strong. The Pakistanis were willing to help any of the Afghans who needed them. In the next slide, is a video explaining the relationship between the two. Gravity Model This migration shares the same characteristics of the Gravity Model. Each migrant migrated to either Pakistan or Iran because of the short distance between the countries. Many of the people who migrated there, were also in small groups. They were either widows, orphans, or just single males. Intervening Obstacles/Opportunities Traveling from Afghanistan to Pakistan and Iran, migrants endure many obstacles. When traveling, migrants have to cross through mountains like the Hindu Kush Mountains, and through lakes. These obstacles make traveling very hard for migrants to travel to the places they need to go.