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Vatican City

Geography Assignment
by

April O'Donnell

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Vatican City

April O'Donnell The Vatican City The Vatican City When was the Vatican City inscribed on the world heritage list? The entire historic area of Rome became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980 and the Vatican City was added in 1984. UNESCO, short for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, has a World Heritage program that is designed to help conserve our precious human heritage for all the peoples of the world. Why was the Vatican City inscribed on the world heritage list? How was the Vatican City inscribed on the World Heritage List? The Vatican City was voted by the UNESCO heritage committee to become a world heritage site. To become world heritage listed the City had to meet series of criteria.

Criteria 1
A masterpiece of Human Creative Genius

Criteria 2
Important interchange of human values, developments in architecture and monumental arts Interesting Facts about the Pope There is a monarchy in Vatican City though it is not hereditary by birth right like England. Vatican City is ruled by whoever is elected the Bishop of Rome, that is the Pope.
The latest Pope elected was Francis the 1st on the 14th March 2013.
The Sistine Chapel is where the enclave of Bishops meet to elect a new Pope.
The Pope must always live in the Vatican no matter where they are from. The Vatican City, also known as the Holy See, is one of the most sacred places to Christians world wide. It is the smallest country in the world situated within the city of Rome. Boasting a unique collection of artistic and architectural masterpieces. Vatican City is home to the Roman Catholic Pope and considered the spiritual center of Catholicism. The inclusion of the Vatican City in the World Heritage List is fully justified, since the succession of Roman Catholic Popes have transformed the Vatican into a unique complex including some of the most outstanding artistic achievements of mankind. Vatican city features artwork including paintings, sculptures, tapestries by masters in their field. The architecture in the main buildings is also world renown. St. Peters Square St Peter's Basilica Quiz? 1. When was the entire historic area of Rome made a UNESCO heritage site?
2. When was the Vatican City made a heritage site?
3. Name one reason Vatican City became Heritage Listed.
4. Who is the new Roman Catholic Pope?
5. Who was the 1st Catholic Pope?
6. Where is he buried?
7. Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
8. What is the official language of Vatican City? Interesting Places Thanks for Watching!! The 5 most popular tourist attractions in Vatican City Vatican City located in Rome It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of just over 800. This makes Vatican City the smallest internationally recognized independent state in the world by both area and population. Sistine Chapel Criteria 4
Vatican City is an outstanding example of a type of building, which illustrates a significant stage in human history.

Criteria 6
To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.

The Best Illustration of all 4 criteria is the Sistine Chapel Pope John Paul II Pope Benedict XVI Pope Francis I St Peter's Basilica
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